|Born||28 June 1927|
Competing for the Soviet Union, Boris Shilkov lived in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), where he worked as an engineer. He became Soviet Allround Champion in 1953 and made his international debut 3 weeks later at the World Allround Championships, where he won silver behind teammate and rival Oleg Goncharenko after having just recovered from an illness. The following year (1954), he became Soviet Allround Champion again (with Goncharenko, again, winning silver), European Allround Champion (with Goncharenko finishing 4th), and World Allround Champion (with Goncharenko taking the silver – a reversal of the roles of the year before).
In an international meet at Medeo, on 9 January 1955, Dmitry Sakunenko became the first person to skate the 5000 m below eight minutes, with 7:54.9. In a later pair Shilkov then improved this world record to 7:45.6. The following year, at the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, he became Olympic Champion on the 5000 m, finishing only three seconds above his own world record, thus silencing the critics and proving that his world record had not been a fluke.
Despite his impressive 5000 m results, Shilkov had trouble with the 10000 m. This is illustrated by his performances at the World Allround Championships of 1953 (where he won silver), 1955 (where he won bronze), and 1957 (where he won silver): At each of these three World Championships he was in the lead after three distances, but lost too much on the final distance – the 10000 m – to win the title. His bronze medal at the World Championships of 1955 was 0.026 points behind the silver medallist (his eternal rival, Goncharenko) – a mere 0.52 seconds of difference on the 10000 m.
Shilkov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1957.
An overview of medals won by Shilkov at important championships he participated in, listing the years in which he won each:
|Championships||Gold medal||Silver medal||Bronze medal|
|Winter Olympics||1956 (5,000 m)|
Over the course of his career, Shilkov skated one world record:
|5000 m||7.45,6||January 9, 1955||Medeo|
To put these personal records in perspective, the last column (WR) lists the official world records on the dates that Shilkov skated his personal records.
|500 m||41.9||30 January 1960||Medeo||40.2|
|1,500 m||2:10.4||20 January 1955||Medeo||2:09.8|
|3,000 m||4:55.7||26 December 1960||Kirov||4:40.2|
|5,000 m||7:45.6||9 January 1955||Medeo||8:03.7|
|10,000 m||16:50.2||20 January 1955||Medeo||16:32.6|
Shilkov was number one on the Adelskalender – the all-time allround speed skating ranking – for a total of 1,518 days, divided over three periods between 1955 and 1960. He has an Adelskalender score of 182.436 points.
- "Boris Sjilkov". SpeedSkatingStats.com. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- Boris Shilkov at SpeedSkatingStats.com
- Boris Shilkov's Adelskalender ranking
- An article about Boris Shilkov (in Russian)
- Legends of Soviet Sport: Boris Shilkov