Borken (district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Borken
District
North rhine w bor.png
Country  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Münster
Capital Borken
Area
 • Total 1,417.83 km2 (547.43 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 363,819
 • Density 260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BOR, AH, BOH
Website http://www.kreis-borken.de

Borken is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany in the Münster region. Neighboring districts are Bentheim, Steinfurt, Coesfeld, Recklinghausen, Wesel, Cleves, and the Dutch provinces Gelderland and Overijssel.

History[edit]

During the era of the Holy Roman Empire the area was subordinate to the Prince-Bishopric of Münster for centuries. In 1803 the bishops lost this territory, and the short-lived Principality of Salm was founded. After the Napoleonic Wars the region became a part of the Prussian province of Westphalia in 1815. At that time the district was created, together with the district Ahaus. In 1923 the city Bocholt left the district and became a district-free city. In 1975 the district got its current size by incorporating the district Ahaus, the city Bocholt and small parts of the districts Rees, Recklinghausen and Coesfeld.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the western part of the Münsterland, a rather flat and rural area.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The colors of the coat of arms were chosen to be the same as those of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster, the long-time owner of the region. The three white anchors in the middle derive from the coat of arms of the Herrschaft Anholt. It is depicted three times to show the three main parts the district was created from – the old district Borken, the district Ahaus and the city Bocholt.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns Municipalities
  1. Ahaus
  2. Bocholt
  3. Borken
  4. Gescher
  5. Gronau
  6. Isselburg
  7. Rhede
  8. Stadtlohn
  9. Velen
  10. Vreden
  1. Heek
  2. Heiden
  3. Legden
  4. Raesfeld
  5. Reken
  6. Schöppingen
  7. Südlohn

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kreis Borken at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°55′N 6°55′E / 51.917°N 6.917°E / 51.917; 6.917