|Comune di Bormida|
|Frazioni||Chiesa, Fornelli, Piano Soprano, Piano Sottano, Resi, Costa, Pirotti, Navoni-Balteria, Romano|
|• Mayor||Bruna Cambise In Falciani
(elected June 13, 2004)
|• Total||22.43 km2 (8.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2006)|
|• Density||20/km2 (52/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint George|
|Saint day||23 April|
Bormida (Bormia in Ligurian), with a population 453 spread over an area of 22.4 km², is a rural commune of the Province of Savona in the Italian region Liguria. The commune is a member of the Comunità Montana Alta Val Bormida.
Bormida is located about 20 km west of Savona (as the crow flies) in the upper Val Bormida between the mountain peaks of Settepani (1,386 m) and Ronco di Maglio (1108 m). The Bormida di Pallare, a tributary of the Bormida di Spigno, flows through its territory.
Bormida probably came into existence in the medieval period. However it does not appear in the documentary record until 1549 when Alfonso Del Carretto, lord of Finale Ligure, conceded certain privileges to the local population in a notarized deed.
In 1713, following a period of domination by the Spanish army, Bormida fell under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Genoa. Later in that century it acquired the status of a commune in its own right, rather than being a part of the commune of Osiglia, and was almost completely destroyed by the French army of Napoleon Bonaparte during his first Italian campaign.
The parish church of San Giorgio, dating back to 1200, contains praiseworthy frescos and a wooden Madonna attributed to the sculptor Anton Maria Maragliano. The fifteenth-century campanile was remodelled in the Baroque style.
The palazzo “la Ferriera" (“the Iron-works”) is surrounded by a large and interesting park. Its name recalls the fact that iron working was the main economic activity of the area in centuries past.
The feast of the Madonna del Carmine is celebrated on 16 July in the locality Piano Sottano, where a small church is dedicated to her.
The principle bases of the local economy are timber and agriculture. Cereals are grown, livestock is raised and cheese is produced.
Roads and railways
Bormida is situated on the Strada Provinciale 339 di Cengio which connects Cengio to Cortemilia. There is no direct link to any autostrada, but from the Autostrada A6 Verdemare, which links Turin to Savona, the Altare exit is the most convenient.
The nearest railway station is at Altare on the Turin–Savona line.
- As of 27 October 2007, most of this article was a translation from it:Bormida, its counterpart in the Italian Wikipedia which releases its content under the GFDL.
- Population and similar statistics sourced from Istat, the Italian statistical institute.
- Comunità Montana Alta Val Bormida (Italian)