Borna, Leipzig

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"Borna, Germany" redirects here. For the eponymous village in south-central Saxony, see Borna, Bahretal.
Borna
Rathaus mit Alter Wache Borna.jpg
Coat of arms of Borna
Coat of arms
Borna  is located in Germany
Borna
Borna
Coordinates: 51°7′N 12°30′E / 51.117°N 12.500°E / 51.117; 12.500Coordinates: 51°7′N 12°30′E / 51.117°N 12.500°E / 51.117; 12.500
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Leipzig
 • Mayor (Left)
Area
 • Total 62.35 km2 (24.07 sq mi)
Elevation 159 m (522 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,259
 • Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04552
Dialling codes 0 34 33
Vehicle registration L, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR
Website www.borna.de

Borna (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔɐ̯naː]) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Leipzig district. It is situated approximately 30 km southeast of Leipzig city. It has approx. 22,000 inhabitants. The town is the county seat of Leipzig County.

Geography[edit]

Borna is located about 30 km south of Leipzig. The river Wyhra flows through the town. The surrounding landscape has been influenced by open-cast coal mining.

The town lies in the middle of Central German Metropolitan Region, with Leipzig 33 km distant, Gera 50 km, Chemnitz 58 km, Halle 67 km, and Dresden 113 km. Neighboring large towns are Altenburg, 17 km away, Grimma, 24 km and Zeitz 35 km. Smaller towns and villages are shown below

History[edit]

Pre-history and Middle Ages[edit]

The current site of Borna town was originally two settlements; Altstadt (the old town) and Wenigborn. Before the foundation of the town, there had been a water castle since the 9th Century. The first written mention of the town of Borna was recorded in 1251. Borna was burnt to the ground five times during the wars of the Middle Ages.

19th Century Onwards[edit]

Since the early 19th century the landscape around Borna has been shaped by open-cast mining of brown coal (lignite) with an apex in the 1980s. For the last 20 years there have been huge efforts to revegetate this landscape e. g. by flooding opencast pits and creating new lakes as well as planting thousands of trees.

The industrialization of the town coincided with the start of lignite mining around 1800. The lignite industry was predominant in the region until recently.

Population[edit]

(December 31 each year)

Year Inhabitants Year Inhabitants
1900 12,000
1998 20,598 2005 22,428
1999 20,365 2006 22,561
2000 20,010 2007 21,539
2001 19,616 2008 21,211
2002 19,240 2009 20,920
2003 23,200 2010 20,680
2004 22,850 2011 20,405

Railway[edit]

On January 14, 1867, with the completion of the Borna-Neukieritzsch line, Borna joined the German railway network. From Neukieritszch the line connected with the Saxon-Bavarian railway line between Leipzig and Hof. This rail connection was financed by a partnership between private concerns and the town and was the only municipal railway in the Kingdom of Saxony. On April 8, 1872 the link was extended via Geithain to Chemnitz, creating the Neukieritzsch–Chemnitz railway.

In October 2007 the 14th century romanesque building of Emmaus Church in Heuersdorf (12 km or 7mil from Borna) was cut from the ground and relocated in Martin Luther Square of Borna [1]. The church's journey took a number of days.

Borna and its buildings 1840
Reichstor - Imperial Gate
Borna Town Hall in the Marketplace

Main sights[edit]

  • Kunigunden Church
  • Emmaus church on Luther square
  • Town hall
  • Secondary school "Gymnasium Am Breiten Teich"
Borna townhall
Borna secondary school

References[edit]