Borommakot

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Borommakot
บรมโกศ
King of Ayutthaya
King of Siam
Reign 1732–1758
Predecessor Thai Sa
Successor Uthumphon
Spouse Princess Aphai Nuchit
Princess Phiphit Montri
House Ban Phlu Luang Dynasty
Father King Suriyenthrathibodi
Born Unknown
Died 1758
Ayutthaya, Ayutthaya Kingdom

Borommakot[1] (Thai: บรมโกศ) or Borommarachathirat III (Thai: บรมราชาธิราชที่ 3) was the king of Ayutthaya from 1732 to 1758. His reign was the last blooming period of Ayutthaya as the kingdom would fall nine years after his death.

Prince Phon (Thai: พร) was the son of Phra Chao Suea. His elder brother, Prince Phet (เพชร), succeeded the throne as Thai Sa in 1708. Phon was then appointed as the Front Palace. Upon the death of Thai Sa, however, Thai Sa decided to give his throne to his son, Prince Aphai, instead of his brother. In 1732, Thai Sa died and the civil war commenced. Phon led his armies against his nephews, Prince Aphai and Prince Paramet. The civil war was bloodshed and torn Ayutthaya apart. With the victory ensured, Phon executed his nephews and took the throne as King Borommakot.

Because the Samuha Kalahom had lent the support to Prince Aphai, Borommakot removed the power of Samuha Kalahom by depriving its authorities over southern Siam and transferred the power to Kromma Tha instead. The Samuha Kalahom remained as a mere military figurehead.

In spite of the bloodshed that preceded his reign, Borommakot was known for his reconstruction of Buddhist temples and the peace and prosperity Ayutthaya finally enjoyed again. In 1753, Borommakot sent two Siamese monks to rehabilitate Theravada Buddhism in Sri Lanka.

In 1741, Borommakot made his son Thammathibet the Front Palace. Thammathibet proved to be an able prince and was a poet. However, Thammathibet had affairs with two of Borommakot's concubines, Princess Sangwan and Princess Nim - a severe crime. The lovers were caught in 1746 and the three were beaten. The Front Palace was lashed 120 stokes and the two concubines 30 each. The Front Palace died while he was beaten and Princess Sangval died 3 days later. Princess Nim survived, but she was banished from the court.

Borommakot then appointed his third son, Duea (เดื่อ; later became Uthumporn), as the Front Palace. Borommakot skipped his second son, Ekkathat, because he thought that Ekkathat was not suitable to be a king. Ekkathat always claiming his rights to the throne then and the struggles of princes for the throne would contribute to the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 during the reign of Ekkathat.

Notes[edit]

Preceded by
Sanphet IX
King of Ayutthaya
1732–1758
Succeeded by
Borommaracha Thirat IV
Preceded by
Chao Fa Porn
(Sanphet IX)
Front Palace
1708–1732
Succeeded by
Thammathibet