Borough House Plantation

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Borough House
Borough House Plantation (Stateburg, South Carolina).jpg
Borough House Plantation is located in South Carolina
Borough House Plantation
Location SC 261, N. Kings Hwy.
Stateburg, South Carolina
Coordinates 33°57′14″N 80°32′16″W / 33.95389°N 80.53778°W / 33.95389; -80.53778Coordinates: 33°57′14″N 80°32′16″W / 33.95389°N 80.53778°W / 33.95389; -80.53778
Built 1758, 1820
Architect William Wallace Anderson, M.D.
Architectural style Greek Revival, Rammed earth
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 72001224
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 23, 1972[1]
Designated NHL March 23, 1972[2]

Borough House Plantation, also known as Borough House, Hillcrest Plantation and Anderson Place, is an historic place in Stateburg, in the High Hills of Santee near Sumter, South Carolina.

The original house built in 1758 served at different times during the American Revolution as headquarters for both British General Lord Cornwallis and American General Nathanael Greene.[3]

The second house was built in 1820 of rammed earth by William Wallace Anderson, M.D. On October 7, 1821, his wife, the former Mary Jane Mackensie, gave birth there to their son, Richard H. Anderson, the future Confederate Army general.[4]

Stateburg was originally called Stateborough, and when the town was laid out, Borough House was the only residence in it, hence the name.[5]

In 1850-1852, Dr. Anderson chaired the committee that built the Church of the Holy Cross of rammed earth across the road from Borough Hall. In 1851, Joel Roberts Poinsett, physician, American statesman and botanist. died while visiting Dr. Anderson and was buried in the churchyard across the road.

Its National Historic Landmark description states:

"Constructed in 1821, the Borough House Plantation complex contains the oldest and largest collection of "high style" pise de terre (rammed earth) buildings in the United States. Six of the 27 dependencies and portions of the main house were constructed using this ancient technique, which was introduced to this country in 1806 through the book RURAL ECONOMY by S. W. Johnson."[2]

On March 23, 1972, Borough Hall Plantation was added to the National Register of Historic Places and declared a National Historic Landmark.[2][6]

Borough Hall Plantation is located on SC 261, 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of its intersection with U.S. Route 76/US Route 378. It is in the Stateburg Historic District.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History summary is here.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "Borough House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  3. ^ Borough Plantation - Stateburg, Sumter County, South Carolina SC
  4. ^ Dick Anderson Chapter #75, United Daughters of the Confederacy
  5. ^ Page&book=2&volume=13&page=35 Anderson, Sallie B., Plantation Names Near Stateburg, Names in South Carolina, November 1966, vol. 13, p, 31[dead link]
  6. ^ Richard K. Anderson, Jr. (January 15, 1988). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Borough House Plantation PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying nine photos, exterior and aerial, from 1978, 1979, 1985, and 1986 PDF (32 KB)
  7. ^ "Borough House Plantation, Sumter County (SC Hwy 261, Stateburg vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina listing. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 

External links[edit]