Borough of Milton Keynes

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Borough of Milton Keynes
Borough, unitary authority area
Official logo of Borough of Milton Keynes
Coat of Arms of the Council
Motto: By knowledge, design and understanding
Milton Keynes shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Milton Keynes shown within Buckinghamshire and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Ceremonial county Buckinghamshire
Admin HQ Milton Keynes
Founded 1 April 1997
Government
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Governing body Milton Keynes Council
 • Mayor (ceremonial) Subhan Shafiq[1]
 • Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive: Labour Minority
Area
 • Total 119.16 sq mi (308.63 km2)
Population
 • Estimate (2012) 252,400
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
Postcode MK
Area code(s) 01908
ONS code 00MG
Website www.milton-keynes.gov.uk

The Borough of Milton Keynes is a unitary authority area and borough in the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire, at the northern tip of the South East England Region, of which it is the northernmost district.

It borders the non-metropolitan counties of Buckinghamshire (the area under the control of Buckinghamshire County Council), Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. The principal settlement in the borough is Milton Keynes itself, which accounts for about 33% of its area and 90% of its population.

History[edit]

The district was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Bletchley Urban District, Newport Pagnell Urban District and Wolverton Urban District, Newport Pagnell Rural District and that part of Wing Rural District within the designated New Town area. The district council applied for and received borough status that year.

It was originally one of five non-metropolitan districts of Buckinghamshire, but on 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England it became a self-governing unitary authority, independent from Buckinghamshire County Council.

Local government[edit]

Arising from the local government elections of May 2014, Milton Keynes council is under no overall control; the Labour Party has the greater number of seats but not an overall majority. As of June 2014, the Borough is governed by a Labour minority administration.[3] The Conservative Party is currently the main opposition group.

Following the 2014 local government elections, the political composition for the council is as follows.

Date Conservatives Labour Liberal Democrats UKIP
22 May 2014 18 25 13 1

The election did not change the status of the Council from 'no overall control'.

Economy[edit]

This is a table of trend of regional gross value added (GVA) of Milton Keynes at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling (except GVA index).

Year Regional Gross Value Added[1] Agriculture[2] Industry[3] Services[4] GVA index per person[5]
1995 2,834 7 751 2,075 135
2000 4,166 5 805 3,356 141
2003 5,203 7 852 4,344 147

^ 1 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding

^ 2 includes hunting and forestry

^ 3 includes energy and construction

^ 4 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

^ 5 UK average index base = 100

Demographics[edit]

The Council's estimate of the population of the Borough in 2012 was 252,400[4] By 2026, the population of the borough is projected to be 302,100.[4]

In the 2001 census 90.72% of the population described their ethnic origin as white (nationally 90.92%), 3.66% as South Asian (4.58%), 2.41% as black (2.30%), 1.79% as mixed race (1.31%), 1.42% as Chinese and other (0.89%).[5] In the same census, 66% of the Borough's population registered their religion as Christianity and 30% as not religious or none given, compared to 72% and 22% nationally. A little over two percent of the population follow Islam (3% nationally) and a little over 1% are Hindu (1%), with no other religion above one percent.[6]

The borough’s population age profile is younger than that for England as a whole, with half of the borough’s population aged under 35 years old (the median age). [Nationally, half of the population is aged less than 38]. The 35–44-year olds in Milton Keynes Borough can be seen as the largest 10-year age group of the population with 35–39-year olds being the largest 5-year age group.[7]

Settlements[edit]

Milton Keynes (urban area)[edit]

The urban area accounts for about 33% of the Borough by area and 90% by population. This is a partial list of the districts of Milton Keynes itself. For a discussion of the usage of the term "city" in Milton Keynes, see History of Milton Keynes.

Population trend of Borough and Urban Area 1801–2001

The Borough of Milton Keynes is fully parished. These are the parishes, and the districts they contain, that are now elements of Milton Keynes as a whole.

Rest of the borough[edit]

The rural area accounts for about 66% of the Borough by area and about 10% by population. Olney is a town. These are the extra-urban civil parishes:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°02′N 0°46′W / 52.033°N 0.767°W / 52.033; -0.767