Borough tube station

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Borough London Underground
Borough station building.JPG
Entrance on Borough High Street
Borough is located in Central London
Borough
Borough
Location of Borough in Central London
Location The Borough
Local authority London Borough of Southwark
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Accessible Yes (Northbound only)[1]
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 5.09 million[2]
2011 Decrease 4.57 million[2]
2012 Increase 4.84 million[2]
2013 Increase 4.89 million[2]
Key dates
1890 Opened (C&SLR)
1922 Closed for tunnel reconstruction
1925 Reopened
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′04″N 0°05′35″W / 51.501°N 0.093°W / 51.501; -0.093

Borough tube station is a London Underground station in the Borough area of the London Borough of Southwark. It is on the Bank branch of the Northern line between Elephant & Castle and London Bridge stations. It is in Travelcard Zone 1.

The station entrance is in Borough High Street (part of the A3), on the corner of Marshalsea Road. The A2 terminates opposite it.

History[edit]

Borough station in 1890
Station entrance in 1961

The station was opened on 18 December 1890 as part of the first deep-level tube railway, the City and South London Railway (C&SLR), and was rebuilt in the 1920s when the tunnels were enlarged.

Southbound platform, looking north. This platform is directly below the northbound platform. It is only accessible via a narrow flight of stairs as stated. The arch of the exit passage is almost entirely hidden by modern panelling

Although little of the original surface building remains at Borough, it originally bore a close resemblance to Kennington station. These similarities extended to the layout below ground, although here it is Kennington that no longer retains the original design. Borough station has level access to the northbound platform from the lifts, making this platform accessible to those with mobility restrictions. The southbound platform is a floor lower down, accessible only by narrow stairs; the original architectural finishes to this have been obscured by modern station infrastructure, but the original appearance would have been comparable with those still visible on the southbound platform at Kennington.

Borough is the most northerly of the original C&SLR stations. North of here the railway initially followed a different route from the present one, with the tunnels running to the original terminus at King William Street. This route was abandoned in 1900 when new tunnels on a different alignment to London Bridge and Moorgate were opened. Nevertheless, the original tunnels passed close enough to the location of London Bridge station for them to still be visible through a vent, immediately above the middle of the current southbound platform there.

During the Second World War, parts of the disused tunnels between Borough and the south side of the River Thames were adapted into a large public air-raid shelter by Southwark Borough Council. The shelter had six entrances along Borough High Street; it opened on 24 June 1940 and closed on 7 May 1945.[3] A plaque at the station records this.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 21; 35; 40; 133; 343; C10 and night routes N21; N35; N133 and N343 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Emmerson, Andrew; Beard, Tony. London's Secret Tubes. Capital Transport. pp. 28–29. ISBN 978-1-85414-283-2. 

External links[edit]

London Transport Museum Photographic Archive. Borough station after rebuilding, 1925.

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Morden
Northern line
Bank branch
  Former Route  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Morden
Northern line
Terminus