Boroughs and localities of Berlin

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The boroughs and localities of Berlin

Berlin is both a city and one of Germany’s federal states (See: City state). Since a 2001 administrative reform, it is made up of twelve boroughs (German: Bezirke, pronounced [bəˈʦɪʁkə]), each with its own local government, though all boroughs are subject to Berlin’s city and state government.

Each borough is governed by a council (Bezirksamt) with five councillors (Bezirksstadträte) and a borough mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister). The borough council is elected by the borough assembly (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung). The borough governments' power is limited, and subordinate to the Berlin Senate. The borough mayors form a council of mayors (Rat der Bürgermeister, led by the city's governing mayor), which advises the Senate.

History[edit]

Main article: Greater Berlin Act
23 former boroughs (1990-2000)

Each borough is made up of several officially recognized localities (Ortsteile in German, sometimes called subdistricts in English). These localities typically have a historical identity as former independent cities, villages, or rural municipalities that were united in 1920 as part of the Greater Berlin Act, forming the basis for the present-day city and state. The localities do not have their own governmental bodies, but are recognized by the city and the boroughs for planning and statistical purposes. Berliners often identify more with the locality where they live than with the borough that governs them. The localities are further subdivided into statistical tracts, which are mainly used for planning and statistical purposes. The statistical tracts correspond roughly but not exactly with neighbourhoods recognized by residents.

When Greater Berlin was established in 1920, the city was organized into 20 boroughs, most of which were named after their largest component locality, often a former city or municipality; others, such as Kreuzberg and Prenzlauer Berg, were named for geographic features.

By 2000, Berlin comprised 23 boroughs, as three new boroughs had been created in East Berlin. Today Berlin is divided into twelve boroughs (Bezirke), reduced from 23 boroughs before Berlin's 2001 administrative reform.

Boroughs[edit]

An administrative reform in 2001 merged the existing boroughs into the current 12 boroughs, as listed below.[1]

Borough Population
31 March 2010
Area
in km²
Density
per km²
Map
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf 319,628 64.72 4,878 The 12 Bezirke of Berlin
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg 268,225 20.16 13,187
Lichtenberg 259,881 52.29 4,952
Marzahn-Hellersdorf 248,264 61.74 4,046
Mitte 332,919 39.47 8,272
Neukölln 310,283 44.93 6,804
Pankow 366,441 103.01 3,476
Reinickendorf 240,454 89.46 2,712
Spandau 223,962 91.91 2,441
Steglitz-Zehlendorf 293,989 102.50 2,818
Tempelhof-Schöneberg 335,060 53.09 6,256
Treptow-Köpenick 241,335 168.42 1,406


Administration[edit]

The borough government is part of the two-stage administration of the Berlin city-state, whereby the Senate and its affiliated agencies, institutions and municipal enterprises form the first stage of the so-called Hauptverwaltung (central administration). On second position, the boroughs enjoy a certain grade of autonomy—though in no way comparable to the German Landkreise districts or independent cities, or not even to the local government of a common municipality as a legal entity, as according to the Berlin Constitution the legal status of the city as a German state itself is that of a unified municipality (Einheitsgemeinde). The power of the borough governments is limited and their performance of assigned tasks is subject to a regulatory supervision by the Senate.

Nevertheless the twelve self-governing boroughs have constitutional status and are itself subdivided into two administrative bodies: each is governed by the borough assembly (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung, BVV) and a full-time borough council (Bezirksamt), consisting of four councilors (Bezirksstadträte) and headed by a borough mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister). The BVV assembly is directly elected by the borough's population and therefore acts as a borough parliament, though it is officially part of the executive. It elects the members of the borough council, checks its daily administration and is able to make applications and recommendations. The twelve borough mayors regularly meet in the Council of Mayors (Rat der Bürgermeister), led by the city's Governing Mayor, which answers and advises the Senate.

The localities have no local government bodies, and the administrative duties of the former locality representative, the Ortsvorsteher, were taken over by the borough mayors.

Coats of arms[edit]

The mural crown of the coats of arms of Berliner Bezirke

All the coats of arms of Berliner boroughs (the current as the ones in the period 1990-2001) have some common points: The shield has a Spanish form and the coronet is represented by a mural crown: 3 towers in red bricks with the coat of arms of Berlin in the middle.

Most of the coats of arms of current boroughs [2] have changed some elements in their field: Some of them have created a "fusion" of themes of the merged Bezirke (Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Lichtenberg, Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Tempelhof-Schöneberg); others have modified their themes taken from one of the two (or more) former merged boroughs (Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Mitte and Treptow-Köpenick). Only the unchanged boroughs of Neukölln, Reinickendorf and Spandau haven't changed their field. The coat of arms of Pankow was created with a new design in 2008, having been the only district without an emblem for 7 years.

Coat of arms of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.svg
Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Coat of arms of borough Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.svg
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Coat of arms of borough Lichtenberg.svg
Lichtenberg
Coat of arms of borough Marzahn-Hellersdorf.svg
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Coat of arms of borough Mitte.svg
Mitte
Coat of arms of borough Neukoelln.svg
Neukölln
Coat of arms of borough Pankow.svg
Pankow
Coat of arms of borough Reinickendorf.svg
Reinickendorf
Coat of arms of borough Spandau.svg
Spandau
Coat of arms of borough Steglitz-Zehlendorf.svg
Steglitz-Zehlendorf
Coat of arms of borough Tempelhof-Schoeneberg.svg
Tempelhof-Schöneberg
Coat of arms of borough Treptow-Koepenick.svg
Treptow-Köpenick

Localities[edit]

As of 2012, the twelve boroughs are made up of a total of 96 officially recognized localities (Ortsteile). Almost all of them are further subdivided into several other zones (defined in German as Ortslagen, Teile, Stadtviertel, Orte etc.). The largest Ortsteil is Köpenick (34.9 km2 or 13.5 sq mi), the smallest one is Hansaviertel (53 ha or 130 acres). The most populated is Neukölln (154,127 inhabitants in 2009), the least populated is Malchow (450 inhabitants in 2008).[3]

(01) Mitte
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms Berlin-Mitte borough (1994).png (0101) Mitte 10.70 79,582 7,445 District map of Mitte
Coats of arms of None.svg (0102) Moabit 7.72 69,425 8,993
Coats of arms of None.svg (0103) Hansaviertel 0.53 5,889 11,111
Coat of arms de-be tiergarten 1955.png (0104) Tiergarten 5.17 12,486 2,415
Coat of arms de-be wedding 1955.png (0105) Wedding 9.23 76,363 8,273
Coats of arms of None.svg (0106) Gesundbrunnen                                 6.13 82,729 13,496


(02) Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be friedrichshain 1991.png (0201) Friedrichshain                                   9.78 114,050 11,662 District map of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Coat of arms de-be kreuzberg 1956.png (0202) Kreuzberg 10.40 147,227 14,184


(03) Pankow
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be prenzlauer berg 1992.png (0301) Prenzlauer Berg 11.00 142,319 12,991 District map of Pankow
Coat of arms de-be weissensee 1992.png (0302) Weißensee 7.93 45,485 5,736
Coats of arms of None.svg (0303) Blankenburg 6.03 6,550 1,086
Coats of arms of None.svg (0304) Heinersdorf 3.95 6,580 1,666
Coats of arms of None.svg (0305) Karow 6.65 18,258 2,746
Coats of arms of None.svg (0306) Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow             5.68 1,166 205
Coat of arms de-be pankow 1987.png (0307) Pankow 5.66 55,854 9,868
Coats of arms of None.svg (0308) Blankenfelde 13.40 1,917 144
Coat of arms de-be buch 1987.png (0309) Buch 18.20 13,188 727
Coat of arms de-be buchholz 1987.png (0310) Französisch Buchholz 12.00 18,766 1,560
Coat of arms de-be niederschoenhausen 1987.png (0311) Niederschönhausen 6.49 26,903 4,145
Coat of arms de-be rosenthal 1987.png (0312) Rosenthal 4.90 8,933 1,823
Coats of arms of None.svg (0313) Wilhelmsruh 1.37 7,216 5,267


(04) Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be charlottenburg 1957.png (0401) Charlottenburg 10.60 118,704 11,198 District map of Charlottenbrg-Wilmersdorf
Coat of arms de-be wilmersdorf 1955.png (0402) Wilmersdorf 7.16 92,815 12,963
Sin escudo.png (0403) Schmargendorf 3.59 19,750 5,501
Sin escudo.png (0404) Grunewald 22.30 10,014 448
Sin escudo.png (0405) Westend 13.50 37,883 2,800
Sin escudo.png (0406) Charlottenburg-Nord                         6.20 17,327 2,795
Sin escudo.png (0407) Halensee 1.27 13,966 10,997


(05) Spandau
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Sin escudo.png (0501) Spandau 8.03 33,433 4,164 District map of Spandau
Sin escudo.png (0502) Haselhorst 4.73 13,668 2,891
Sin escudo.png (0503) Siemensstadt 5.66 11,388 2,012
Sin escudo.png (0504) Staaken 10.90 41,470 3,810
Sin escudo.png (0505) Gatow 10.10 3,908 386
Sin escudo.png (0506) Kladow 14.80 13,628 922
Sin escudo.png (0507) Hakenfelde 20.40 26,337 1,292
Sin escudo.png (0508) Falkenhagener Feld                         6.88 34,778 5,056
Sin escudo.png (0509) Wilhelmstadt 10.40 37,080 3,558


(06) Steglitz-Zehlendorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be steglitz 1956.png (0601) Steglitz 6.79 70,555 10,391 District map of Steglitz-Zehlendorf
Sin escudo.png (0602) Lichterfelde                                       18.20 78,338 4,300
Sin escudo.png (0603) Lankwitz 6.99 40,385 5,778
Coat of arms de-be zehlendorf 1956.png (0604) Zehlendorf 18.80 57,902 3,075
Sin escudo.png (0605) Dahlem 8.39 14,966 1,784
Sin escudo.png (0606) Nikolassee 19.60 15,899 811
Sin escudo.png (0607) Wannsee 23.70 9,044 382


(07) Tempelhof-Schöneberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be schoeneberg 1956.png (0701) Schöneberg                                       10.60 116,743 11,003 District map of Tempelhof-Schöneberg
Sin escudo.png (0702) Friedenau 1.65 26,736 16,204
Coat of arms de-be tempelhof 1957.png (0703) Tempelhof 12.20 54,382 4,458
Sin escudo.png (0704) Mariendorf 9.38 48,882 5,211
Sin escudo.png (0705) Marienfelde 9.15 30,151 3,295
Sin escudo.png (0706) Lichtenrade 10.10 49,451 4,896


(08) Neukölln
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Sin escudo.png (0801) Neukölln 11.70 154,127 13,173 District map of Neukölln
Sin escudo.png (0802) Britz 12.40 38,334 3,091
Sin escudo.png (0803) Buckow 6.35 38,018 5,987
Sin escudo.png (0804) Rudow 11.80 41,040 3,478
Sin escudo.png (0805) Gropiusstadt                                       2.66 35,844 13,475


(09) Treptow-Köpenick
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be treptow 1992.png (0901) Alt-Treptow 2.31 10,426 4,513 District map of Treptow-Köpenick
Sin escudo.png (0902) Plänterwald 3.01 10,618 3,528
Sin escudo.png (0903) Baumschulenweg 4.82 16,780 3,481
Coat of arms de-be johannisthal 1987.png (0904) Johannisthal 6.54 17,650 2,699
Sin escudo.png (0905) Niederschöneweide                           3.49 10,043 2,878
Sin escudo.png (0906) Altglienicke 7.89 26,101 3,308
Sin escudo.png (0907) Adlershof 6.11 15,112 2,473
Sin escudo.png (0908) Bohnsdorf 6.52 10,751 1,649
Coat of arms de-be oberschoeneweide 1987.png (0909) Oberschöneweide 6.18 17,094 2,766
Coat of arms de-be koepenick 1992.png (0910) Köpenick 34.90 59,201 1,695
Coat of arms de-be friedrichshagen 1987.png (0911) Friedrichshagen 14.00 17,285 1,233
Coat of arms de-be rahnsdorf 1987.png (0912) Rahnsdorf 21.50 8,891 414
Sin escudo.png (0913) Grünau 9.13 5,482 600
Wappen Müggelheim (Berlin).png (0914) Müggelheim 22.20 6,350 286
Coat of arms de-be schmoeckwitz 1987.png (0915) Schmöckwitz 17.10 4,117 240


(10) Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be marzahn 1992.png (1001) Marzahn 19.50 102,398 5,240 District map of Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Sin escudo.png (1002) Biesdorf 12.40 24,543 1,973
Sin escudo.png (1003) Kaulsdorf 8.81 18,732 2,126
Coat of arms de-be mahlsdorf 1987.png (1004) Mahlsdorf 12.90 26,852 2,075
Coat of arms de-be hellersdorf 1992.png (1005) Hellersdorf                                         8.10 72,602 8,963


(11) Lichtenberg
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Coat of arms de-be friedrichsfelde 1987.png (1101) Friedrichsfelde 5.55 50,010 9,011 District map of Lichtenberg
Sin escudo.png (1102) Karlshorst 6.60 21,329 3,232
Coat of arms de-be lichtenberg 1987.png (1103) Lichtenberg 7.22 32,295 4,473
Sin escudo.png (1104) Falkenberg 3.06 1,164 380
Sin escudo.png (1106) Malchow 1.54 450 292
Sin escudo.png (1107) Wartenberg 6.92 2,433 352
Sin escudo.png (1109) Neu-Hohenschönhausen                   5.16 53,698 10,407
Coat of arms de-be hohenschoenhausen.png (1110) Alt-Hohenschönhausen 9.33 41,780 4,478
Sin escudo.png (1111) Fennpfuhl 2.12 30,932 14,591
Sin escudo.png (1112) Rummelsburg 4.52 17,567 3,887


  • Codes 1105 and 1108 (this one to former Hohenschönhausen locality) are not assigned
(12) Reinickendorf
Locality Area
in km²
Population
as of 2008
Density
inhabitants per km²
Map
Sin escudo.png (1201) Reinickendorf 10.50 72,859 6,939 District map of Reinickendorf
Sin escudo.png (1202) Tegel 33.70 33,417 992
Sin escudo.png (1203) Konradshöhe 2.20 5,997 2,726
Sin escudo.png (1204) Heiligensee 10.70 17,641 1,649
Wappen-frohnau.jpg (1205) Frohnau 7.80 17,025 2,183
WappenvoHermsdorf.jpg (1206) Hermsdorf 6.10 16,503 2,705
Sin escudo.png (1207) Waidmannslust 2.30 10,022 4,357
Sin escudo.png (1208) Lübars 5.00 4,915 983
Coat of arms de-be wittenau 1905.svg (1209) Wittenau 5.87 22,696 3,866
Sin escudo.png (1210) Märkisches Viertel                             3.20 35,206 11,002
Coat of arms de-be Borsigwalde.jpg (1211) Borsigwalde                             2.03 6,432 3,168


See also[edit]

Wikipedia book Boroughs of Berlin at Wikipedia books

References[edit]

External links[edit]