Borovo, Croatia

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Borovo
Municipality
Borovo Municipality
Općina Borovo[1]
Location of Borovo
Borovo is located in Croatia
Borovo
Borovo
Location of Borovo in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°23′N 18°58′E / 45.383°N 18.967°E / 45.383; 18.967
Country  Croatia
County Vukovar-Syrmia
Government
 • Municipal mayor Zoran Baćanović [2] (Independent Democratic Serb Party[2])
Area
 • Total 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,056
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32227 Borovo
Area code(s) +032
Official languages Croatian, Serbian[3]
Website www.opcina-borovo.hr
Danube in Borovo
Borovo on map of Syrmia County from 1900

Borovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Борово),[4] previously called Borovo Selo (meaning "of the pines" and "village of the pines" respectably), is a village and an eponymous municipality in Vukovar-Syrmia County in eastern Croatia.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located on the Danube river, the second largest European river after Volga. The municipality have total area of 28 km2 (10.8 sq mi). The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil. Borovo very closely related with the neighboring Vukovar with what is physically connected. It is connected by D519 highway with rest of country.

History[edit]

Borovo Municipality has been inhabited since the Stone Age. In the younger Iron Age this region was settled by the Celts. During Roman times, several villages and the only crossing over the Danube in the empire existed in this area. Around 1540 Borovo was populated by Serbs who originated from the upper Drina and Polimlje.[5] Church of Saint Stephen the Archdeacon was built between 1761 and 1764. Place became an important regional industrial center during the existence of Yugoslavia. However, after the collapse of Yugoslavia, a large part of the local industry also collapsed. The town have one of the three Serbian radio stations in the region called Radio Borovo. In 1991, Borovo was briefly in the spotlight as the site of the Borovo Selo killings.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Borovo has a population of 5,056, with 89.73% of the population of Serb ethnicity (2011 census).[6]

Languages[edit]

Due to the local minority population, the Borovo municipality prescribe the use of not only Croatian as the official language, but the Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet as well.[7][8]

Religion[edit]

Politics[edit]

Multilateral cooperation[edit]

Borovo municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia.

Municipality government[edit]

The municipality assembly is composed of 15 representatives. Assembly filled in by members of the electoral lists that win more than 5% of votes. At the local elections 2013 competed following parties:

Summary of the 19 May 2013 Croatian local elections
Party Votes % Seats
Independent Democratic Serb Party 994 57,78 9
Our Party 664 32,49 5
Serb People's Party 124 6,07 1
Social Democratic Party of Croatia 75 3,67 0
Invalid/blank votes 95 4,44
Total 2.144 100
Registered voters/turnout 4.533 47,30
Borovo Local Elections 2013.jpg
Source: Croatian Bureau of Statistics page 387

Economy[edit]

Borovo development index is between 50-76% of the Croatian average,[9] and therefore, the municipality is part of the Areas of Special State Concern.[10]

Education[edit]

elementary education[edit]

Elementary School in Borovo began with teaching assignments in 1853.[5] 1936 was officially open the new building of State Folk School of "Knight King Alexander First Unifier".[5] At that time school was the largest school in Vukovar district.[5] After World War II school changed name into Elementary School "Božidar Maslarić".[5] In the 1970s, school life has built several new facilities. After Erdut Agreement school has changed its name again in 1997 and today is called Elementary School Borovo.[5] In 2006 school was thoroughly restored by the European Union and the Croatian government funds and school park is governed.[5]

Culture[edit]

Points of Interest[edit]

Associations and Institutions[edit]

In the village exist a volunteer fire department Borovo.[11]

Sport[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities[edit]

Other forms of cooperation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statute of Borovo Municipality
  2. ^ a b "PRIVREMENI NESLUŽBENI REZULTATI IZBORA ZA OPĆINSKOG NAČELNIKA - 19. SVIBNJA 2013.". Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  3. ^ Četvrto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima, page 60., Zagreb, 2009
  4. ^ "Minority names in Croatia:Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g http://os-borovo.skole.hr/skola/povijest
  6. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  7. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  8. ^ http://www.nipp.hr/UserDocsImages/Registar%20geografska%20imena%20nacionalnih%20manjina%20RH.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.zadra.hr/ugovori/odluka_o_razvrstavanju_jedinica_lokalne_i_podrucne_(regionalne)_samouprave_prema_stupnju_razvijenosti.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.pravo.unizg.hr/_download/repository/Zakon_o_PPDS.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.vukovarsko-srijemska-zupanija.com/upload/paragrafi_upload/2009-4-17_31616186_prilog9popisvatrogpostrnovi.pdf
  12. ^ a b c d "U Borovu obeleženi Dan opštine i Dan škole". Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  13. ^ "ПОТПИСАН СПОРАЗУМ О БРАТИМЉЕЊУ ОПШТИНА БОРОВО (РХ) И ОПШТИНА ПЕТРОВО (РС)" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Novosti-Zajedno do novca iz fondova EU-a" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-13.