Borrowdale (ship)

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Borrowdale, First Fleet, from three angles
Borrowdale from three angles
Career
Name: Borrowdale
Launched: 1785
Acquired: 1787
Fate: Sunk, 31 October 1789
General characteristics [1]
Type: Storeship
Tons burthen: 272 tons bm
Length: 75 ft (23 m)
Beam: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 22

Borrowdale was a 272-ton three-masted square rigged merchant ship, that served as a storeship of the First Fleet, a convoy of ships taking settlers and convicts to establish the first European colony in Australia.

Borrowdale was built in Sunderland in 1785, and served as a trading vessel for the British East India Company before being acquired by the British Admiralty.[2]

She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, and arrived at Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia on 20 January 1788.[1] She left Port Jackson on 14 July 1788 to return to England via Cape Horn. The crew was so badly affected by scurvy that the master, Hobson Reed, took her to Rio de Janeiro, where the harbour master and his men had to bring the ship to its berth. Five of the crew died on the homeward voyage.[3]

After returning to England Borrowdale served as a collier. On 31 October 1789 she sank off Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, during a gale.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Ships of the First Fleet". Fellowship of First Fleeters. 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Storeship Borrowdale". National Library of Australia. 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Borrowdale". First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc. 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012.