Borso d'Este, Duke of Ferrara
Borso followed an expansionist policy for his state, and one of ennobling for his family. He was generally allied with the Republic of Venice, and enemy both to Francesco I Sforza and the Medici family. These rivalries led to the indecisive Battle of Molinella. He was in general appreciated by his subjects: the only cause of grievance was his project to build a mountain from scratch in 1471, a project he was later forced to abandon.
Borso's court was the center of the so-called Ferrarese school of painting, whose members include Francesco del Cossa, Ercole dei Roberti and Cosimo Tura. Their most important commission during Borso's rule were the frescoes in the Palazzo Schifanoia. He also protected numerous musicians, including Pietrobono del Chitarrino, Niccolò Todesco e Blasio Montolino.
Although in the subsequent tradition (as in Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso) he is generally portrayed as a magnanimous patron of arts, he was instead somewhat greedy in spending money for culture: a famous example of his attitude was his refusal to pay Cossa, who therefore moved to Bologna to found the Bolognese School. Borso d'Este is especially remembered for the famous Bible carrying his name, one of most famous works of miniature in Renaissance Italy, and which he commissioned in 1455.
Borso never married and left no heirs. His successor was his half-brother Ercole I d'Este.
- Lesychyn, Lubomyra. The Magnificence of Borso and Ercole d'Este: Princes of Ferrara (1450-1505). Openaccess Dissertations and Theses. pp. 57ff. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- Chiappini, Luciano (2001). Gli Estensi. Ferrara.
|Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio
(Marquess until 1450)