Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bortala Prefecture
博尔塔拉州
博州
Autonomous prefectures
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ
ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ
ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ
ᠵᠧᠦ

博尔塔拉蒙古自治州

بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Alataw Pass in Bortala Prefecture
Alataw Pass in Bortala Prefecture
Bortala Mongol prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Bortala Mongol prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州
Mongolian name
Mongolian script ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ
Uyghur name
Uyghur
بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Oirat name
Oirat ᡋᡆᠷᡆᡐᠠᠯᠠ ᡏᡆᡊᡎᡆᠯ ᡄᡋᡄᠷᡄᡃᠨ ᠴᠠᠰᠠᡍᡇ ᡓᡇᡇ
Borotala mongγol ebereen zasaqu ǰuu

Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州; Uyghur: بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى‎), abbreviated to Bortala (Chinese: 博州; pinyin: Bózhōu), is a Mongol autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It has an area of 27,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi). Bole is its capital. "Boro tala" comes from the Mongolian language, and means "brown steppe".

Geography[edit]

Ebi-Nur (艾比湖), a large lake in Bortala

Bortala is located in the southwestern part of the Dzungarian Basin. It occupies a V-shaped basin between the Dzungarian Alatau in the northwest and the Borohoro Mountains in the southwest.

The prefecture borders Kazakhstan to the north and west, and has an international border of 385 km (239 mi). To the east it borders Wusu City and Toli County of Tacheng Prefecture; to the south it borders Nilka County, Yining County, and Huocheng County of Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture.

The prefecture has two large lakes, Ebi-Nur and Sayram Lake.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bortala is divided into two county-level cities, Bole and Alashankou; and two counties: Jinghe County and Wenquan County. In addition, it is home to the Fifth Agricultural Division of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and its 11 regiment-level farms / ranches.

Bortala mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Bole [Bortala] 博乐市 Bólè Shì بۆرتالا شەھىرى Börtala Shehiri ᠪᠣᠷᠢᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 235,585 7,802 30.19
4 Alashankou 阿拉山口市 Ālāshānkǒu Shì ﺋﺎﻻﺗﺎﯞ ﺋﯧﻐﯩﺰﻯ Alatav Ighizi ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 10,000(?) 43 232.55
2 Jinghe [Jing] County 精河县 Jīnghé Xiàn جىڭ ناھىيىسى Jing Nahiyisi ᠵᠢᠩ ᠾᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 141,593 11,189 12.65
3 Wenquan [Arixang] County 温泉县 Wēnquán Xiàn ئارىشاڭ ناھىيىسى Arishang Nahiyisi ᠷᠠᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 66,502 5,862 11.34

History[edit]

The Tang Dynasty created the Shuanghe Protectorate (双河都督府) in this area. During the Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty the area was the territory of the Oirats. During the Qing Dynasty, Chahar Mongols were moved here from Kalgan, as well as Torghuud Oirats moving eastwards from the Volga.

The People's Republic of China established the autonomous prefecture on July 13, 1954.

Demographics[edit]

There are 35 nationalities in Bortala. 67% of the 424,300 inhabitants are Han Chinese, while the remainder are Mongol, Uyghur, Kazakh, Hui, or of other nationalities.

Economy[edit]

In 2004 the prefecture had a total gross domestic product of 3.69 billion Renminbi (including the XPCC 5th division), an increase of 11.9% over the previous year. Annual total imports and exports totalled US$ 554 million, an increase of 96.8% over the previous year. Average annual salary was 11000 Renminbi, an increase of 7.6%; average annual pure income per capita for agricultural workers was 3904 Renminbi, an increase of 10.8%.

Transport[edit]

Alashankou is a port of entry with both railroads and roads linking China with Kazakhstan; it is also one of China's national first-class port of entry (国家一类口岸). The volume of imports / exports passing through Alashankou accounts for 90% of the total for all of Xinjiang, and has been second to only Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia among land ports-of-entry in China for 8 days.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°52′N 88°07′E / 47.867°N 88.117°E / 47.867; 88.117