Borys Mykolaiovych Martos

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Borys Mykolaiovych Martos
Борис Миколайович Мартос
Martos Borys.jpg
5th Chairman of People's Ministers
In office
April 9, 1919 – August 27, 1919
President Directorate
Preceded by Serhiy Ostapenko
Succeeded by Isaak Mazepa
Minister of Food Provisions
In office
December 26, 1918 – February 13, 1919
Prime Minister Volodymyr Chekhivsky
Preceded by G.Glinka
(Ukrainian State)
Succeeded by I.Feschenko-Chopivsky
(as Minister of Economy)
Secretary of Agrarian Affairs
In office
June 28, 1917 – August 14, 1917
Prime Minister Volodymyr Vynnychenko
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by M.Savchenko-Bilsky
Personal details
Born (1879-05-20)May 20, 1879
Gradizk, Russian Empire
Died October 19, 1977(1977-10-19) (aged 98)
Bound Brook, United States
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party USDRP (1905)
Spouse(s) M.Kucheryavenko
Alma mater Kharkiv University (1908)
Occupation Politician/Activist/Pedagogue

Borys Mykolaiovych Martos (May 20, 1879 - October 19, 1977) was a public and political activist, pedagogue, economist.

He was born in Gradizk, in the Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Hradyzk, in the Poltava Oblast -province- of central Ukraine) and died in exile in the United States at the age of 98. He was born into a long-lived Cossack family of Martos.

Martos was a political leader, cooperative organizer, and the full member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society. He finished the Lubny Classic gymnasium in 1897 and enrolled into the Mathematics Department of the Kharkiv University. Martos became a member of a secret Ukrainian student hromada of Kharkiv. Here in 1900 in Kharkiv he met with Symon Petliura and his future wife M.Kucheryavenko. In summer of 1900 Martos participated in the First Ukrainian Student Congress in Halychyna.

He was arrested three times for collaboration with the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party. After graduating and until 1917 Martos worked in several different places: a co-ed in Volyn, a financial director at the Black Sea-Kuban Railway board, a director of the Kuban Cooperative Bank, and a cooperative instructor for the Poltava Governorate zemstvo (1913–1917). In 1917 Martos served on numerous official positions as delegate in the Central Rada and its Executive Committee (Mala Rada), and the General Secretariat. After the Hetman coup-d'etat worked as a cooperator. During that time Martos was heading the Central Ukrainian Cooperative Committee as its executive director as well working at the board of directors for the Dniprosoyuz, giving lectures at the Kiev Commercial Institute, and had established the Kiev Cooperative Institute.

Under the Directorate of Ukraine, he served as the chairman of the Council of People's Ministers of the Ukrainian People's Republic from April 9, to August 27, 1919. In 1917-1918 Martos was a member of the Central Rada and the Secretary of Agrarian Affairs. In 1918 he also was heading the All-Ukrainian Cooperative Committee.

In 1920 Martos emigrated to Czechoslovakia, where he used to teach in the Ukrainian management Academy in Prague. He is buried in New Jersey, United States.

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