Boryspil International Airport
|Boryspil International Airport
Міжнародний аеропорт "Бориспіль"
|IATA: KBP – ICAO: UKBB|
|Elevation AMSL||130 m / 427 ft|
|Source: Official website
Ukrainian AIP at EUROCONTROL
Statistics: passengers Kommersant, Flights Boryspil Airport
Boryspil International Airport (Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт "Бориспіль") (IATA: KBP, ICAO: UKBB) is an international airport located in Boryspil (Ukraine), 29 km (18 mi) east of Kyiv. It is Ukraine's largest airport, serving more than 70% of the country's passenger air traffic (including all intercontinental flights and majority of international flights), and is one of three airports that serve Kyiv. The airport is a member of Airports Council International.
On 22 June 1959, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR ordered the establishment of regular civil air traffic to the then military airfield near Boryspil. On 7 July 1959 the new airport (named Kyiv-Tsentralnyi) received its first scheduled flight. It was Aeroflot's Tupolev Tu-104 en route from Moscow, carrying 100 passengers and about 3,500 pounds (1,600 kg) of cargo aboard. The first routes served were Moscow–Kiev–Moscow and Leningrad–Kyiv–Leningrad.
In November 1960, the first permanent air group, consisting of Tu-104 and Antonov An-10 planes, was assigned to the airport. Until then the airport had been served only by aircraft based in Moscow and other cities of the Soviet Union. A new passenger terminal of Boryspil airport was opened in 1965. Later that year, an automatic landing assistance system was installed in the airport.
In 1963, the Ukrainian Territorial Administration of Civil Aviation formed its Boryspil subdivision consisting of the airport and its air group. The air group grew significantly in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1974 it consisted of four fleets of turbojet aircraft (Tu-104 planes), turbofan aircraft (Tu-134, Tu-154 planes) and two fleets of turboprop aircraft (Ilyushin Il-18 planes).
By the 1980s, Boryspil airport had begun receiving limited international flights. Additional passenger services and customs/border control groups were established for that purpose. However, ordinary Soviet citizens were not allowed to depart abroad from Kiev, instead being restricted to flying only from Moscow airports.
In the late 1980s, Mikheil Saakashvili, the current President of Georgia, served his conscript service in the Soviet border guard's Boryspil Separate Group that was maintaining border control in the airport.
In 1993, the Ministry of Transportation of the newly-independent Ukraine reorganized the airport into the Boryspil State International Airport and created a local subdivision of Air Ukraine to serve it. The airport was opened for any passengers and flights. The number of air- and passenger traffic has been growing ever since.
Early in the 2000s, Boryspil became a hub airport serving not only destined but also transit flights of foreign airlines. The airport's development strategy stresses the hub role since domestic passenger demand is growing insufficiently compared to the possible transit traffic.
In 2002 the airport was certified under the ISO 9001 quality management system.
It is one of Eastern Europe's largest airports with over six million passengers travelling in 2008. The Airport consistently accounted for between 60% and 70% of Ukraine’s air travel demand, and despite a drop of 13% in 2009 it handled 5.8 million passengers, more than it handled in 2007.
Boryspil International Airport handles most of Ukraine's international traffic. Terminal B, with only eleven gates, two of which were air bridges, was not enough to handle all international flights from the airport. This was the reason for the expansion of that terminal, which started in 2005. The first-stage expansion of Terminal B was opened on 27 January 2006. In 2008, passport control within Terminal B Departures was moved further east (along with the entrance to the main duty-free shop so that it remains airside).
There are also plans to expand the airport further by building several new terminals. The government has been having meetings with the owners of land around the airport, trying to buy more land for airport expansion. The construction of Terminal D was approved on 28 July 2008 and was completed in 2012 at a cost of UAH 1.661 billion (USD 208 million). The terminal will have a capacity of 1,500 passengers per hour and cover an area of 44.9 hectares. Platform M, which is connected to Terminal B and requires redevelopment, was to be reconstructed in 2009-2010. The reason for the delay in its the reconstruction was the fact that Terminal B needs to be fully operational first. Now that Terminal D has opened (building began on 24 October 2008), platform M can be reconstructed without having a major impact on traffic.
A new runway will be constructed from 2012 to 2014. The construction of Terminal D was completed in 2012, with the terminal opening to passengers on 28 May 2012, increasing the airport's passenger handling facilities significantly. As of November 1, 2010, Terminal F is in operation. By 2020, if all plans proceed, the airport should have a capacity of 18 million passengers per year.
New hotels will also open near Boryspil Airport. A Radisson hotel at Boryspil airport is planned to open in the near future.
Terminals and infrastructure
Boryspil International Airport currently has four operational terminals; one of which is a VIP terminal. There is additionally one planned terminal (Terminal E) which is to have a per hour capacity of 2,000 passengers and is expected to be completed ca. 2015. The airport's largely overcrowded domestic terminal (Terminal A) was closed on September 15, 2011, in favour of transferring all domestic operations to Terminal B. The new, larger, Terminal D was opened on 28 May 2012; it is expected that this terminal will take over much of the traffic which currently uses Terminal B, thus relieving overcrowding at Boryspil.
Terminal B - Domestic
Terminal B, the original Soviet-constructed building, currently serves domestic flights. It has recently undergone an extensive, long-term reconstruction in order to increase throughput. The terminal hosts number of shops, cafes, travel agencies and banks, as well as offices of airlines and a business center. There is free Wi-Fi access in the building.
The ground floor contains luggage storage, waiting area and check-in desks, whilst security and passport (immigration) control, the main departure lounge and the terminal's boarding gates are located on the second floor. After passport control, passengers wait in the departure lounge where there is a business lounge, a number of cafes, restaurants and duty free shops.
Terminal D - International
Terminal D, construction of which began on 24 March 2008, was opened on 28 May 2012 with an initial capacity of 3,100 passengers per hour. It received its first arrivals passengers (from Tehran-Imam Khomeini) on 29 May 2012.
Terminal D is the airport's main international departures and arrivals facility. The terminal has been designed to support an integrated system for monitoring and directing arriving and departing passengers; this has been ensured by implementing a scheme of movement based on the principle of multi-level zoning - departing passengers use the airport's upper floors, whilst those arriving and yet to pass through immigration are processed on a lower level. The ground and first floors of the airport are utilised for airside service and the sorting of baggage. Airside, the first floor is used for the airport's arrivals zone and baggage hall. The fourth floor is reserved for airlines' lounges. The terminal can be accessed from the airport's central access road for arrivals, and in the same way but via a ramp for departures level (this allows passengers to make seamless transfers from auto to air transport.
The Ukrainian Border Guard and State Customs Service maintain control points both for arriving and departing passengers (40 passport booths for arrivals and 28 for departures). The terminal has eleven gates equipped with jetways and additional 'bus gates'. The terminal is an international flights only terminal, however potential changes have recently been announced which would see the terminal serving both international and domestic services so as to fully utilise its transit facilities; this would see the construction of a new extension to the main gallery, equipped to handle domestic flights.
Terminal F - International
Terminal F was opened on 21 September 2010 by President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych as a home base for Ukraine International Airlines. Terminal F started handling regular flights as of October 31, 2010 with an initial capacity of 900 passengers/hour. The terminal is not equipped with jetways as it was originally meant to serve as a low-cost airlines terminal, however the higher level of service offered lead to the transfer of many scheduled European and Asian carriers to the terminal.
The opening of Terminal F greatly reduced the overcrowding at Terminal B, which had previously been Boryspil's only operating international terminal. Upon opening of Terminal F and expansion/reconfiguration of Terminal B's airside departures to serve domestic flights, the airport was able to close the largely outdated domestic facility - Terminal A.
The terminal was opened on 21 September 2010, and the opening ceremony was attended by a number of distinguished guests. The first passengers were received on October 31. The terminal used to serve Utair Ukraine, Air Baltic, Adria Airways, Armavia, Austrian Airlines, Belavia, British Airways, Caspian Airlines, Georgian Airways, Germanwings, Libyan Arab airlines, Lufthansa, Finnair, KLM, S7 Airlines, and others. All of them were transferred to Terminal D. Ukraine International Airlines transferred all of its regular flights to Terminal D dated 30 May 2013. UIA's charter flights are still being operated in Terminal F. It is expected that Terminal F will be also used for low cost.
Boryspil airport is equipped with two runways, with the terminals occupying a centre-field location. The airport's eastern No. 1 runway (36R-18L) built in 2001 and now serves many international flights, in particular those to Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union. On the other hand, No. 2 runway (36L-18R - the airport's western runway) is planned for the near term, whilst in the long term (2012–14) there are plans to build a third crosswind runway at the airport.
Short stay car parking facilities at the airport are provided in the immediate vicinity of terminals B and F, whilst long term parking facilities can be found in the vicinity of the airport's access road and 'station square'. In addition to these current existing facilities, the airport is, in connection with the construction of Terminal D, building its first multi-storey car park facility; this will be a combined long and short stay car park.
Airlines and destinations
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The head office of Aerosvit, for whom the airport was a major hub, is located on the airport's property. Aerosvit is also a major landholder in and around the airport and had previously advocated the construction of its own dedicated terminal adjacent to Terminal B on land owned by that airline.
VIP and governmental facilities
Currently a new VIP facility (named 'Boryspil 2') is under construction at the northern end of the airport's east runway. This facility is expected to serve deputes of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian president, high-ranking members of the Ukrainian government and other foreign officials and delegates. The terminal will serve Ukrainian officials at a rate of 180 UAH per person, whilst others wishing to use its facilities will be expected to pay a minimum of 1100 UAH. Plans for the new VIP terminal show that it will cost around 350 million UAH and will have the capacity to serve around 150 passengers an hour. Unlike Boryspil's other terminals, the new government/VIP facility will not be accessible from the airport's centre-field access road, instead it will have controlled access from the town of Boryspil which will thus allow access to the Boryspil-Kiev highway. Terminal D is equipped to cater for other non-government VIP passengers, for whom it provides a separate check-in area, departure lounge, and boarding area.
Boryspil also caters for foreign officials who visit Ukraine and has, in recent years, been utilised by figures such as US Vice President Joe Biden, Russian Presidents Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev, Polish Presidents Lech Kaczyński and Bronisław Komorowski, and a large number of other officials on their visits to the Ukrainian capital.
The Ukrainian government's air fleet (Ukraine Air Enterprise) is based at Boryspil. This fleet compromises one Airbus A319 for the use of the President of Ukraine, two lang-haul Ilyushin Il-62 aircraft and a number of smaller aircraft and helicopters for general government use. Currently these aircraft are based near the covered hangars to the north of Terminal F, however, with the completion of Boryspil 2 it is expected that the government's dedicated aircraft will move to that facility's respective apron, thus allowing officials to board/disembark their aircraft with minimum adverse effects on the airport's other civil operations.
Catering and cargo facilities
On 16 May 2012 a greatly expanded, modern catering facility was opened at the airport. The complex, which is managed by 'Kyiv Catering' cost ca. 25 million US dollars to build and is capable of producing up to 25,000 flight-packaged meals a day. The new catering centre was built entirely with private funds supplied by a number of investors, thus making it one of the first investments at Boryspil not at least part-funded by the state.
Cargo facilities are also available at Boryspil airport and located close by is a large logistics centre operated by DHL and also housing a number of other logistics providers. The Ukrainian Post (Ukrposhta) is also a major company operating at Boryspil, whilst the airport can provide both cold storage and standard cargo transport solutions.
Public transport connections
Several bus and minibus lines serve the airport, connecting it to the closest stations of the Syretsko-Pecherska Line and the central railway station. Many intercity bus routes to or from Kiev make dedicated stopover at the airport to cater for airline passengers from other cities. E.g., a Kyiv-Donetsk (southeast-bound) bus would travel from Kiev Central Bus Station through the airport, while a Kiev-Lviv (southwest-bound) bus would start in the airport and then proceed to Lviv through the Central Bus Station in Kiev. Overall, at least 35 intercity bus routes transit Boryspil Airport. All long-distance and Kyiv-bound buses arrive to the airport's bus station located near the "B" terminal.
Boryspil has a number of long-stay guarded car parks as well as designated drop-off points and taxi stands. Taxis can be booked for a set price at counters inside the airports terminal buildings.
Future railway connection
|This section is outdated. (June 2012)|
In August 2010, the Ukrainian government announced plans to build a rail link from the airport to Kiev's central station, aiming to complete this project by spring 2012, in time for the Euro 2012 football tournament to be held in Poland and Ukraine. Currently the government expects to use new trains of a higher speed than those typical for Ukrainian railways. In September 2010, an agreement was reached with the Chinese Government and a Chinese construction firm to fund and begin work on this project. The line's route will comprise an 8 km electrified spur from an existing rail line, terminating in the airport's central terminal area.
The line will be served by a dedicated passenger terminal at Kiev's central station and include an intermediate stop, the Darnytsia Railway Station (on the city's left bank), before finally reaching the airport, where it will terminate in a station close to Terminal D.
However, shortly after work begun on the line in December 2011 the construction was officially deferred by the government; lack of funding was cited as the reason for taking this decision, yet officials insisted that construction will resume as some point in the near future, once financial backing is confirmed and funding is in place. In August 2012 construction officially resumed after detailed plans were submitted to and accepted by China's Import-Export bank, which then released funds for the project.
Accidents and incidents
- On 16 September 1971 a Tu-134 of Malev on approach to Kiev, sufferedwhich a generator failure forced the crew to switch to batteries for power supply. Foggy weather then forced the crew to abort two approaches. Upon landing the Tupolev then crashed and broke up. There were 41 passenger fatalities and 8 amongst the crew, with no survivors.
- In 1976 a Tu-154 of Aeroflot sustained structural damage on a heavy landing. The aircraft was withdrawn and is now preserved at the Ukraine State Aviation Museum. There were no fatalities.
- In 1976 a Tu-104 of Aeroflot overshot the runway after its engines had been turned off in flight. There were no fatalities although the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off.
- On 5 September 1992, a Tu-154 of Air Ukraine; after takeoff from Kiev the undercarriage failed to retract properly. The crew decided to return. However, on approach the left hand main gear failed to extend. An emergency landing was carried out. There were no fatalities amongst the 147 passengers or crew. The aircraft was written off.
- On 5 September 2004, an An-12, of the Antonov Design Bureau ran off the runway, causing the undercarriage to collapse. The aircraft was then written off as damaged beyond repair. There were no fatalities.
- Boryspil International Airport, official website
- EAD Basic
- "Борисполь" не вышел ростом
- Boryspil Airport
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- along with the smaller Zhulyany Airport and Gostomel Airport, a cargo facility used primarily by Antonov
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Boryspil International Airport|
- Boryspil International Airport, official website (Ukrainian) (Russian) (English)
- Current weather for UKBB at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for KBP at Aviation Safety Network