Borzya

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Borzya (English)
Борзя (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Borzya is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Borzya
Borzya
Location of Borzya in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 50°23′N 116°31′E / 50.383°N 116.517°E / 50.383; 116.517Coordinates: 50°23′N 116°31′E / 50.383°N 116.517°E / 50.383; 116.517
Coat of Arms of Borzya (Chita oblast).png
Flag of Borzya (Chita oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai
Administrative district Borzinsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Borzinsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Mayor[citation needed] Vladimir Peshkov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 31,379 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]
Founded 1900[citation needed]
Town status since 1950[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 674600
Dialing code(s) +7 30233[citation needed]
Borzya on WikiCommons

Borzya (Russian: Борзя; IPA: [ˈborzʲə]) is a town and the administrative center of Borzinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia. Population: 31,379 (2010 Census);[1] 31,460 (2002 Census);[4] 36,373 (1989 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the Borzya River, a right-hand tributary of the Onon, 349 kilometers (217 mi) southeast of Chita about 40 kilometers (25 mi) from the border of Mongolia to the south, and 70 kilometers (43 mi) from the border of China to the southeast. Borzya has an elevation of 709 meters (2,326 ft) above sea level.[6]

Climate[edit]

Borzya has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc) bordering on humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb), with severely cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is quite low, but is somewhat higher from June to September than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Borzya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
2.7
(36.9)
17.1
(62.8)
26.3
(79.3)
35.6
(96.1)
41.3
(106.3)
40.2
(104.4)
37.6
(99.7)
31.5
(88.7)
25.8
(78.4)
12.4
(54.3)
4.4
(39.9)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) −19.9
(−3.8)
−14.9
(5.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
7.7
(45.9)
16.9
(62.4)
23.7
(74.7)
25.7
(78.3)
23.2
(73.8)
16.3
(61.3)
6.8
(44.2)
−7.3
(18.9)
−17.4
(0.7)
4.72
(40.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −27.2
(−17)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−12.1
(10.2)
0.7
(33.3)
9.6
(49.3)
16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.7
(62.1)
9.1
(48.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−13.9
(7)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−2.38
(27.73)
Average low °C (°F) −34.0
(−29.2)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
1.1
(34)
8.6
(47.5)
13.1
(55.6)
10.4
(50.7)
2.5
(36.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−9.62
(14.7)
Record low °C (°F) −50.0
(−58)
−48.4
(−55.1)
−43.6
(−46.5)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−12.3
(9.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−2.2
(28)
−12.0
(10.4)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−41.1
(−42)
−45.7
(−50.3)
−50
(−58)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
4
(0.16)
9
(0.35)
16
(0.63)
46
(1.81)
88
(3.46)
71
(2.8)
37
(1.46)
9
(0.35)
5
(0.2)
4
(0.16)
295
(11.62)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 152 203 264 267 304 303 276 270 231 226 162 140 2,798
Source #1: Thermo-Karelia
Source #2: World Climate

History[edit]

Although there had been settlement on the present site of the town since the 18th century, the modern town began with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1899. The works settlement around the Borzya railway station was officially founded in 1900, named Suvorovsky in honor of Alexander Suvorov.[citation needed] This name, however, was not widely used amongst the townsfolk, who continued to refer to the town by the same name as the railway station and river. The name Borzya was eventually made official when the settlement was granted town status in 1950.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Besides the railway workshops, employers in the town include food production, particularly meat production from the livestock industry in the surrounding area.

The Kharanor brown coal open cut mine is located northwest of the town, providing fuel for power generation.

Transportation[edit]

The town is on the original stretch of the Trans-Siberian Railway which crossed Manchuria on its way to Vladivostok and was known as the Chinese Eastern Railway. This route was later by-passed by the current Trans-Siberian, which is entirely on Russian territory, but the original line passing through Borzya is still used for passenger and freight traffic to and from China.

Military[edit]

It is the headquarters of the 36th Army of the Russian Ground Forces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Borzya, Russia". Falling Rain Global Gazetteer. Retrieved January 24, 2013.