Kozarska Dubica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Kozarska Dubica 
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Mile Zlojutro (SDS) |
|• Total||499 km2 (193 sq mi)|
|Elevation||104 m (341 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Kozarska Dubica, (Serbian Cyrillic: Козарска Дубица)  is a town and municipality located in northern Republika Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kozarska Dubica, is situated in the eastern part of Krajina  region. The municipality of Hrvatska Dubica lies to the north, in Croatia. Kozarska Dubica is situated 26 kilometres (16 miles) from the Zagreb–Belgrade Highway. The town and its suburbs border the Republic of Croatia to the north, the town of Gradiška to the east, the town of Kostajnica to the west, and the town of Prijedor to the south. The land area of Kozarska Dubica is 499 square kilometres (193 sq mi) and the population is estimated at about 31,000, even though no census has been held since 1991.
Kozarska Dubica  was built in 930. However, the first mentioning of Kozarska Dubica dates from 1197. Babonići-Vodički were in charge of the town until the 12th century. Kozarska Dubica became an important fort during the Ottoman Empire due to its geographic positioning. It became a vital and important border crossing for many years. The last Austrian-Turkish war was the so-called Dubica War (1788–91) and was fought in this area. During the war in Dubica in the 1780s, the town, which was described at the time as having only a few houses and a mosque, was completely razed. The town fell under Ottoman occupation in 1538. Kozarska Dubica encountered many different rulers during the Ottoman Empire and the later Austro-Hungarian Empire.
During World War II, Dubica was a town that encountered many casualties from both sides. During the 1970s Kozarska Dubica experienced a great improvement in its economy. During the 1980s there was a boom in construction and renovation which was halted by the outbreak of yet another war.
The Serbian Orthodox Moštanica Monastery (Manastir Moštanica) appears on the Coat of arms of Kozarska Dubica.
According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Kozarska Dubica municipality were Orthodox Christians (82.94%).
- Serbs - 23,989 (78.95%)
- Bosniaks - 5,114 (16.83%)
- Croats - 717 (2.35%)
- Yugoslavs - 403 (1.32%)
- o- 161 (0.55%)
According to the 1991 census, the population of the Kozarska Dubica municipality was 31,577, including:
- 21,811 Serbs
- 6,470 Bosniaks
- 1,820 Yugoslavs
- 488 Croats
- 988 others
In the town itself, Muslims by nationality (Bosniaks) had a slight majority. During the Bosnian war, around 6,000 people, mostly Bosniaks, were forced to leave the town and municipality, while a similar number of Serb refugees from Croatia and/or other Bosnian towns, found shelter and settled in Bosanska Dubica.
Due to the war in Bosnia from 1992 to 1995, much of the traditional population of Bosanska Dubica was displaced outside of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• Aginci • Babinac • Bačvani • Bijakovac • Bjelajci • Bosanska Dubica • Božići • Brekinja • Čelebinci • Čitluk • Čuklinac • Demirovac • Dizdarlije • Donja Jutrogošta • Donja Slabinja • Donji Jelovac • Draksenić • Furde • Gornja Gradina • Gornjoselci • Gradina Donja • Gunjevci • Hadžibajir • Hajderovci • Jasenje • Johova • Jošik • Kadin Jelovac • Klekovci • Knežica • Komlenac • Košuća • Koturovi • Kriva Rijeka • Maglajci • Malo Dvorište • Međeđa • Međuvođe • Mirkovac • Mlječanica • Mrazovci • Murati • Novoselci • Odžinci • Parnice • Pobrđani • Pucari • Rakovica • Sjeverovci • Sključani • Sreflije • Strigova • Suvaja • Ševarlije • Tuključani • Ušivac • Veliko Dvorište • Verija • Vlaškovci • Vojskova i Vrioci.
Situated in the valley of the rivers, the Municipality of Kozarska Dubica has more than 316.09 square kilometres (122.04 sq mi) of arable land, thanks to which agriculture is an important development factor. Agricultural production is focused on land cultivation, cattle breeding industry, raising of industrial crops, and lately there has been the start of the development of fruit and wine growing.
Most of the economy comes from the livestock. The largest milk production company is the Mlijekoprodukt located near the town of Kozarska Dubica. It continues its tradition of growing fruits in the area. The climate of Kozarska Dubica is great for the cultivation of different kinds of vegetables.
Kozarska Dubica also has an important construction company. It is called IGP "UNA". The company was established in 1962. All of the workers are completely qualified to work with different modern machines. Some important complexes that the company has built are: Zepter, the local hospital, the local high school, and the restoration of the severely damaged bridge.
Prior to the war there was a sugar factory operating as well.
Hunting is a traditional sport of the Municipality of Kozarska Dubica. One hunting organization is called 'Jele' (Deer) The area used for hunting is around 500 square kilometres (193 sq mi). Hunting is extravagant in Dubica since it has two big mountains Kozara and Prosara. The hunting area is filled with rich forests. Hunting ranges from deer to smaller animals such as wild ducks. Every April the international competition with dog hunting occurs in Dubica.
Spa Mlječanica is the center for physiatrics, rehabilitation, and health located in Dubica. It is in the northwest slopes of the mountain Kozara. The modern, specialized institution for physiatrics and rehabilitation, provides all the conditions for a successful recovery and rest for the clients.
Fishing is highly important in Dubica. Since, Dubica is located right on the Una River, fishing has developed into a long time tradition. People from different areas come to fish. Also the Sava is located not far from Dubica at Jasenovac, where the Una enters the Sava.
Dubica has an old tradition in sports that dates back to the early 20th century. In the 1930s Kozarska Dubica establishes the Football Club Una. After World War II, Dubica has an upsurge of different sport organizations. In 1962 the handball club Borac was established. Then on February 11, 1973, the basketball team 'Una' was formed.
Every year outside Bosnia and Herzegovina, the annual Bosansko Dubičko Veče is held. It is a celebration that brings together displaced Bosnians (of all ethnicities) from Bosanska Dubica. The cities that hold the celebration in the United States are: Chicago and St. Louis. In Chicago it is always held on the Saturday before Memorial Day. It is hosted at the Rumija Cultural Center. Sydney, Australia, also holds the same celebration in order to gather Bosnians of Kozarska Dubica from different Australian and New Zealand areas. These are year-to-year celebrations that bring together Bosnians from Kozarska Dubica. There is work on creating a congress that would meet once every two years, in order to help young children, born outside Kozarska Dubica, retain the traditions and culture. The celebrations are primarily filled with Bosniaks, however, many Croats and Bosnian Serbs come to show their respect towards their town, Bosanska Dubica and reunite with former neighbours.
- the official web site of the municipality Kozarska Dubica
- Историјска библиотека: Дубички топ
- Internet portal grada Kozarska Dubica
- Radio Feniks
- DUB Radio