Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Gradiška
Градишка
The town.
The town.
Coat of arms of Gradiška
Coat of arms
Gradiška is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gradiška
Gradiška
Location of Gradiška
Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Region Bosanska Krajina
Government
 • Mayor Zoran Latinović (SDS)
Area
 • Total 761,74 km2 (29,411 sq mi)
Elevation 163 m (535 ft)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 56,727
 • Density 74,5/km2 (1,930/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 78400
Area code(s) +387 51
Website Official website of the municipality

Gradiška (Serbian Cyrillic: Градишка)[1] is a town and municipality in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, part of the Republika Srpska entity. The municipality is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.

History[edit]

In the Roman period, the municipium of Serbinum existed on the location of the present-day town. It was of strategical importance; a port of the Roman fleet was situated here. Among notable archaeological findings are a viaduct.

Gradiški Brod is mentioned for the first time as a town in c. 1330. It had a major importance as the location where the Sava river used to be crossed. By 1537, the town and its surroundings came under Ottoman rule.

The Ottoman built a fortress, which served as the Bosnia Eyalet's northern defense line.

Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans.[2] Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.[3]

Ottoman rule ended with the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878), following the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77). Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended in 1918, when the South Slavic Austro-Hungarian territories proclaimed the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

From 1929 to 1941, Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During Yugoslavia, the town was known as Bosanska Gradiška. During the Bosnian War, the town was incorporated into Republika Srpska (RS). After the war, the RS National Assembly changed the name, omitting bosanska ("Bosnian"), as was done with many other towns (Kostajnica, Dubica, Novi Grad, Petrovo, Šamac).

Culture[edit]

Serbian Orthodox church in Gradiška.

The town has a Serbian Orthodox cathedral dedicated to the Mother of God.

Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

53,581 total

1991[edit]

In 1991, the municipality of Gradiška had a population of 59,974, including:

  • 35,297 Serbs (29.2%)
  • 15,310 Bosniaks (49.4%)
  • 1,894 Croats (3.2%)
  • 1,811 Yugoslavs (3.0%)
  • 1,342 others (2.5%)

The town of Gradiška itself had 18,671 residents, including:

  • 43.5% Bosniaks
  • 37.7% Serbs
  • 10.3% Yugoslavs
  • 4.6% Croats
  • 3.9% others

Settlements[edit]

The municipality includes 69 total settlements: • AdžićiBerekBistricaBok JankovacBrestovčinaBukovacCerovljaniCimirotiČatrnjaČelinovacČikuleDonja DolinaDonja JurkovicaDonji KarajzovciDonji PodgradciDrageljiDubraveElezagićiGašnicaGornja DolinaGornja JurkovicaGornja LipovačaGornji KarajzovciGornji Podgradci • Bosanska Gradiška • GrbavciGredaJablanicaJazovacKijevciKočićevoKozaraKozinciKrajišnikKruškikLaminci BreziciLaminci DubraveLaminci JaružaniLaminci SređaniLiskovacLužaniMačkovacMašićiMičijeMiloševo BrdoMiljevićiMokriceNova TopolaNovo SeloOrahovaOrubicaPetrovo SeloRogoljiRomanovciRovineSamardžijeSeferovciSovjakSrednja JurkovicaŠaškinovciTrebovljaniTrnovacTrošeljiTurjakVakufVilusiVrbaškaŽeravica

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality, Gradiška/Градишка.
  2. ^ Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
  3. ^ :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net ::

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°08′N 17°15′E / 45.133°N 17.250°E / 45.133; 17.250