Bosna (river)

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Coordinates: 45°4′0″N 18°28′1″E / 45.06667°N 18.46694°E / 45.06667; 18.46694
Bosna
River
ZENICA (Bosnie Herzégovine).jpg
The Bosna River flowing through Zenica.
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cities
Source Vrelo Bosne
 - location Igman, Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina
 - coordinates 43°49′6.6″N 18°16′11.9″E / 43.818500°N 18.269972°E / 43.818500; 18.269972
Mouth Sava
 - location Bosanski Šamac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
 - coordinates 45°4′0″N 18°28′1″E / 45.06667°N 18.46694°E / 45.06667; 18.46694
Length 271 km (168 mi)
Basin 10,457 km2 (4,037 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 174 m3/s (6,145 cu ft/s)
Wikimedia Commons: Bosna River
The source of the Bosna river on the outskirts of Sarajevo.

The Bosna (pronounced [bɔ̂sna]) is the third longest river in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is considered one of the country's three major internal rivers, along with the Neretva and Vrbas Rivers; the other three major rivers of Bosnia and Herzegovina are the Una, to the northwest, the Sava, to the north, and the Drina, to the east. It is the probable namesake of Bosnia. The Bosna flows for 271 kilometers (168 mi).

The river was the classical Bossina.[1] Certain Roman sources[which?] similarly mention the River Bathinus as a name of the Illyrian Bosona, both of which mean "flowing water".[2]

Course and tributaries[edit]

The Bosna river also makes up the Bosna River Valley, the country's industrial center and home to close to a million people, as well as the location of several major cities. The river's biggest tributaries are the Željeznica, Miljacka, Fojnica, Lašva, Gostović, Krivaja, Usora, and Spreča rivers.

Its source is at the spring Vrelo Bosne, at the foothills of the Mount Igman, on the outskirts of Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The spring is one of Bosnia and Herzegovina's chief natural landmarks and tourist attractions. From there, the Bosna flows northwards, through the heart of Bosnia, eventually becoming a right tributary of the Sava River in Bosanski Šamac.

Although it does not pass through any foreign countries, the Bosna flows through a number of cantons. From its starting point in the Sarajevo Canton, it also flows through Zenica-Doboj Canton, Doboj Region, and Posavina Canton, in that order.

On its way north the River Bosna also passes through the cities of Visoko, Zenica, Maglaj, Doboj, Modriča and Bosanski Šamac.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malcolm, Noel (1994). Bosnia A Short History. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-5520-8.
  2. ^ Imamović, Mustafa (1996). Historija Bošnjaka. Sarajevo: BZK Preporod. ISBN 9958-815-00-1