Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
|Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark|
|konvertibilna marka (Bosnian) (Croatian) (Serbian)
конвертибилна марка (Serbian)
Convertible marks banknotes of both entities
|ISO 4217 code||BAM|
|Central bank||Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|User(s)||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2009 est.|
|Pegged with||euro = 1.95583 convertible marks|
|Plural||The language(s) of this currency belong(s) to the Slavic languages. There is more than one way to construct plural forms.|
|Coins||5, 10, 20, 50 feninga, 1, 2, 5 maraka|
|Banknotes||10, 20, 50, 100, 200 maraka|
The Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Latin: konvertibilna marka, Serbian Cyrillic: конвертибилна марка) (sign: KM; code: BAM) is the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is divided into 100 fenings (Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian Latin: feninga, Serbian Cyrillic: фенинга). The names derive from German Mark and Pfennig, hence the occasional local spelling of the subdivision as pfeniga. Its ISO 4217 code is BAM; it is locally abbreviated KM (Latin) or КМ (Cyrillic).
The convertible mark was established by the 1995 Dayton Agreement and replaced the Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar, Croatian kuna and Republika Srpska dinar as the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1998. Mark refers to the German mark, the currency to which it was pegged at par. Since the replacement of the German mark by the euro in 2002, the Bosnian convertible mark uses the same fixed exchange rate to euro that the German mark has (that is, 1 EUR = 1.95583 BAM).
Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian have a complicated case system. In combination with the numbers 2, 3, and 4, nouns use the paucal form, which is marke in this case. In combination with numbers 5 or more, nouns use the genitive plural, or maraka. As for the fening, the paucal is feninga with a short unstressed a, whereas the genitive plural is feninga with a long unstressed a.
These matters should be noted when one uses the local names in English. For example, "ten feningas" is incorrect as the final "a" in "feninga" already indicates the plural. The Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina (CBBH) uses "fenings" as the English plural. Likewise, "ten marks" is correct, not "ten marakas".
In December 1998, coins were introduced in denominations of 10, 20 & 50 fenings. Coins of 1,2 and 5 marka were introduced later. The coins were designed by Bosnian designer Kenan Zekic and minted at the Royal mint in Llantrisant.
|Coins of the marka (1998–present)|
|Image||Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|||5 fening||18 mm||2,66g||nickel-plated steel||reeded||Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, country name, denomination||Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina, country name, year||2005||5 January 2006||Current|
|||10 fening||20 mm||3.9 g||copper-plated steel||plain||Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, country name, denomination||Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina, country name, year||1998
|9 December 1998||Current|
|||20 fening||22 mm||4,5 g||reeded||1998
|||50 fening||24 mm||5,15 g||1998|
|||1 marka||23,25 mm||4,95 g||nickel-plated steel||milled and smooth||denomination, country name, indented and inverted triangles*||Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina||2000
|31 July 2000||Current|
|||2 marka||25,75 mm||6,9 g||cupro-nickel (inner ring),
golden 5.5% nickel brass combination (outer ring)
|||5 marka||30 mm||10,35 g||nickel-brass (inner ring),
copper-nickel (outer ring)
|milled||2005||5 January 2006|
|These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.
|Parts of this article (those related to banknotes) are outdated. (November 2010)|
In 1998, notes were introduced in denominations of 50 fenings, 1 mark, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 marks. 200-mark notes were added in 2002, whilst the 50-fening note was withdrawn from circulation on March 31, 2003.
The banknotes are issued by the Central Bank of Bosnia Herzegovina, with distinct designs for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, except for the 200-mark note. All current notes are valid throughout the country.
The withdrawal of KM 5 banknote from circulation was recommended by the CBBH Governing Board in March 2009. The KM 5 banknote was legal tender until 31 December 2009 and commercial banks continued to accept KM 5 banknotes until 31 March 2010. The KM 5 coin remains in circulation.
- 50 feninga/фенинга, (Skender Kulenović and Branko Ćopić) (withdrawn in 2003)
- 1 marka/марка (Ivan Frano Jukić and Ivo Andrić) (withdrawn in 2009)
- 5 maraka/марака (Meša Selimović) (withdrawn in the beginning of 2010)
- 10 maraka/марака (Mehmedalija Mak Dizdar and Aleksa Šantić)
- 20 maraka/марака (Antun Branko Šimić and Filip Višnjić)
- 50 maraka/марака (Musa Ćazim Ćatić and Jovan Dučić)
- 100 maraka/марака (Nikola Šop and Petar Kočić)
- 200 maraka/марака (Ivo Andrić)
|Current BAM exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD HRK|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD HRK|
|From XE.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD HRK|
|From OANDA.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD HRK|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD HRK|
Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar
Location: B&H except Republika Srpska
Ratio: 1 convertible mark = 100 Dinar
|Currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yugoslav new dinar
Location: Republika Srpska
Reason: Dayton Agreement
Ratio: 1 convertible mark = 1 Deutsche Mark