Bosnian general election, 2006

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo of the 2006 general election
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 1 October 2006. They decided the makeup of Bosnia and Herzegovina's presidency as well as federal, entity, and cantonal governments. As of September 2006 there were 2,736,886 registered voters. Of the 2.7 million voters, 1.7 millions are in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 1 million in Republika Srpska.[1] Official voter turnout as reported by the Central Election Commission was 52.74% of the total number of registered voters.[2]

Background[edit]

Analysts claimed that the 2006 election would be the most important since Bosnia's independence from Yugoslavia, and the subsequent Bosnian War. With the previous government failing to agree reforms to the constitution, and Bosnian Muslim politicians continuing to threaten the abolition of the Republika Srpska and officials in Republika Srpska continuing to speak of possible secession from the country in response, the election was seen as crucial in determining the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The results were tentatively welcomed by commentators, and described as bringing "small signs of change to a Bosnia where institutional fragmentation has cemented ethnic division", with the result suggesting "a certain retreat of nationalism among the Muslim and Croat communities".[3]

Controversy[edit]

A controversy has emerged over the election of the Croatian member of presidency. Although Željko Komšić is an ethnic Croat, as a member of the SDP he was alleged by his political opponents to have received votes mainly from Bosniaks. He has been accused by his opponents that he was not the choice of Croats, but rather Bosniaks, citing that he did not win majority for Croatian representative in any of the counties/cantons with Croat majority. This is the result of the fact that in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, both Bosniak and Croat presidents are on one ballot, letting the voter choose to vote in either category regardless of their own ethnicity.

Results[edit]

State Presidency[edit]

One President was elected from each of the country's three constitutional peoples: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs.[4]

Community Candidate Party Votes %
Bosniaks Haris Silajdžić Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 350,520 62.8
Sulejman Tihić Party of Democratic Action 153,683 27.5
Mirnes Ajanović Patriotski Blok BOSS-SDU BiH 45,608 8.2
Muhamed Čengić People's Party Work for Betterment 4,466 0.8
Bešćo Alibegović Independent 2,670 0.5
Adil Žigić Independent 1,245 0.2
Croats Željko Komšić Social Democratic Party 116,062 40.0
Ivo Miro Jović Croatian Democratic Union 76,681 26.1
Božo Ljubić Croatian Democratic Union 1990 53,325 18.2
Mladen Ivanković Lijanović People's Party Work for Betterment 24,822 8.5
Zvonko Jurišić Croatian Party of Rights 20,350 6.9
Irena Korjenić Javor Independent 2,143 0.7
Serbs Nebojša Radmanović Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 287,675 53.3
Mladen Bosić Serbian Democratic Party 130,824 24.2
Zoran Tešanović Party of Social Progress 26,818 5.0
Jugoslav Jovičić Social Democratic Party 22,245 4.1
Radislav Kanjerić Serbian Radical Party 19,849 3.7
Ranko Bakić People's Party Work for Betterment 18,302 3.4
Nedo Durić Serbian Democratic Movement 16,307 3.0
Slavko Dragičević Patriotic Bloc (BOSSSDU) 10,410 2.0
Svjetlana Udovičić Independent 2,847 0.5
Snežana Avdalović Independent 2,753 0.5
Branislav Ristić Independent 2,143 0.4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 1,397,418 100
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

House of Representatives[edit]

Distribution of seats in the House of Representatives

According to the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the representatives from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina are allocated 28 seats, while the representatives from the Republika Srpska have 14 seats. There are 42 seats in total.

Results[edit]

Party Federation Republika Srpska Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Party of Democratic Action 217,961 25.5 8 20,514 3.7 1 9
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 196,230 23.0 7 23,257 4.2 1 8
Social Democratic Party 131,450 15.4 5 11,822 2.1 0 5
HDZ-HK-HNZ 68,188 8.0 3 1,145 0.2 0 3
Croats Together 52,095 6.1 2 591 0.1 0 2
Bosnian Patriotic Party 37,608 4.4 1 866 0.2 0 1
People's Party Work for Betterment 27,487 3.2 1 5,533 1.0 0 1
Patriotic Bloc (BOSSSDU) 23,605 2.8 0 162 0.0 0 0
Croatian Party of Rights 19,486 2.3 0 4,929 0.9 0 0
Democratic People's Union 16,221 1.9 1 321 0.1 0 1
Pensioners' Party 11,790 1.4 0 0
Liberal Democratic Party 8,337 1.0 0 0
Youth Political Movement 7,713 0.9 0 800 0.1 0 0
Party of Independent Social Democrats 7,265 0.9 0 262,203 46.9 7 7
Movement for Change 6,091 0.7 0 0
European Ecological Party E5 5,053 0.6 0 519 0.1 0 0
Civic Democratic Party 4,322 0.5 0 400 0.1 0 0
People's Bosniak Party 3,848 0.4 0 0
Democratic Party of Invalids 3,475 0.4 0 0
BH Free Democrats 1,657 0.2 0 0
Socialist Party 1,752 0.2 0 12,579 2.3 0 0
KNSZPBG-PMBiH 1,013 0.1 0 369 0.1 0 0
Bosansko Podrinjska Narodna Stranka 493 0.0 0 73 0.0 0 0
Democratic People's Alliance 232 0.0 0 19,868 3.6 1 1
Serbian Democratic Party 108,616 19.4 3 3
Party of Democratic Progress 28,410 5.1 1 1
Serbian Radical Party 15,806 2.8 0 0
SRS "Dr. Vojislav Šešelj" 14,714 2.6 0 0
PSNDS 12,340 2.2 0 0
Serbian Democratic Movement 7,807 1.4 0 0
Serbian New Power 2,712 0.5 0 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance 2,350 0.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 68,492 33,027
Total 921,864 100 28 591,733 100 14 42
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, IPU

House of Peoples[edit]

The 15 members of the House of Peoples will be elected in entities' Parliaments - 10 members by the House of Representatives of the Parliament of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (5 Bosniaks and 5 Croats); and 5 members by the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.

Entity Parliaments[edit]

On the entity level, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska will elect new governments.

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

In the Federation this includes:

House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Only parties which have won mandates are listed:

Party Votes Reg. Com. Total
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 218,365 23 5 28
  Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Za BiH) 190,148 19 5 24
  Social Democratic Party (SDP) 130,204 13 4 17
  Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ/HNZ/HSP) 64,906 7 1 8
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ1990) 54,210 5 2 7
  Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party-Sefer Halilović (BPS) 35,223 1 3 4
  Bosnian Party/Social Democratic Union (BOSS/SDU) 27,200 1 2 3
  People's Party Work for Betterment 27,132 - 3 3
  Croatian Party of Right/New Croatian Initiative 21,152 1 - 1
  Democratic People's Community 16,014 2 - 2
  Union of Independent Social Democrats 12,564 1 - 1

Reg. - Mandates from regional electoral units; Com. - Mandates from compensation lists
Source - Central Electoral Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Republika Srpska[edit]

In the Republika Srpska, the government is made up of:

National Assembly of the Republika Srpska[edit]

Seat allocation:

  • SNSD 41
  • SDS 17
  • PDP RS 8
  • DNS 4
  • SBiH 4
  • SP 3
  • SDA 3
  • SRS RS 2
  • SDP 1

Canton Parliaments[edit]

All 289 mandates in the assemblies of the Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were up for election; interestingly, the same parties elected into the Federal Parliament were elected onto cantonal assemblies (skupština kantona in Bosnian, sabor županije in Croatian and скупштина кантона in Serbian).

Party USK ŽP TK
ZDK

BPK
SBK
ŽSB
HNK
ŽHN

ZHŽ

KS

K10
Total
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 12 2 12 13 9 8 6 - 10 2 74
  Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Za BiH) 6 1 7 11 8 7 5 - 13 1 59
  Social Democratic Party (SDP) 6 2 11 5 6 3 2 - 7 1 43
  Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (HDZ/HNZ/HSP) - 7 - 2 - 6 7 9 - 5 36
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ1990) - 5 - - - 3 7 8 - 6 29
  Croatian Party of Right/New Croatian Initiative - 2 - - - 2 2 4 - 4 14
  People's Party Work for Betterment - 2 2 1 1 1 - 2 - 1 10
  Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party-Sefer Halilović (BPS) - - 1 3 1 - 1 - 2 - 8
  Democratic People's Community 6 - - - - - - - - - 6
  Bosnian Party/Social Democratic Union (BOSS/SDU) - - 2 - - - - - 3 - 5
  Union of Independent Social Democrats - - - - - - - - - 5 5

Source - Central Electoral Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]