Bosnia and Herzegovina general election, 1990

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Bosnia and Herzegovina

General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 18 November 1990, with a second round of voting in the House of Peoples elections on 2 December.[1] These were the final general elections to be held in Bosnia and Herzegovina while it was still a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

A presidential election was held to elect candidates to a seven-member republic presidium. Six candidates were elected by members of Bosnia's "nations" (two each by Bosnian Muslims, Bosnian Serbs, and Bosnian Croats), and a seventh candidate was elected to represent all "others."

All of the presidential seats were won by parties structured around national lines: the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) won the two Muslim seats, the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) won the two Serb seats, the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) won the two Croat seats, and the "other" seat was won by SDA member Ejup Ganić, who ran as a "Yugoslav." Although Fikret Abdić received the most votes of any candidate, he agreed to stand aside and permit fellow SDA member Alija Izetbegović to become president of the presidium.[2]

The Party of Democratic Action also emerged as the largest party in the election for the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with 43 of the 130 seats in the Chamber of Citizens and 43 of the 110 seats in the Chamber of Municipalities. Voter turnout was 74.4% for the presidential election, 81.6% for the Chamber of Municipalities election and 77.5% for the Chamber of Citizens election.[1] However, the election was marred by irregularities; in Brčko, Doboj, Nevesinje and Sarajevo there were more votes than registered voters (13,316 registered voters in Brčko but 49,055 votes, 4,771 voters in the Old City of Sarajevo but 28,974 votes).[3]

Results[edit]

Presidency (seven members)[4][edit]

Bosnian Muslims (two elected)[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Fikret Abdić Party of Democratic Action 1,045,539 32.69
Alija Izetbegović Party of Democratic Action 879,266 27.49
Nijaz Duraković League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 558,263 17.46
Džemal Sokolović Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 183,171 5.73
Nazif Gljiva League of Socialist Youth-Democratic Party 133,587 4.18
Fejsal Hrustanović League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 122,002 3.82
Đevad Haznadar Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 120,560 3.77
Bahrudin Bijedić Independent 104,335 3.26
Adil Zulfikarpašić Muslim Bosniak Organisation 51,225 1.60
Total 3,197,948 100

Bosnian Serbs (two elected)[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Biljana Plavšić Serbian Democratic Party 573,812 22.16
Nikola Koljević Serbian Democratic Party 556,218 21.48
Nenad Kecmanović Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 500,783 19.34
Mirko Pejanović League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 335,392 12.96
Nikola Stojanović League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 238,377 9.21
Đorđe Latinović League of Socialist Youth-Democratic Party 223,044 8.61
Ranko Zrilić Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 161,910 6.25
Total 2,589,536 100

Bosnian Croats (two elected)[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Stjepan Kljuić Croatian Democratic Union 473,002 22.23
Franjo Boras Croatian Democratic Union 416,629 19.58
Ivo Komšić League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 353,707 16.62
Zoran Perković League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 290,333 13.65
Franjo Bošković Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 250,099 11.75
Tadej Mateljan Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 213,516 10.03
Martin Raguž League of Socialist Youth-Democratic Party 130,428 6.13
Total 2,127,714 100

"Others" (one elected)[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Ejup Ganić Party of Democratic Action 709,891 43.11
Ivan Čerešnješ Serbian Democratic Party 362,681 22.02
Josip Pejaković Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 317,978 19.31
Zlatko Lagumdžija League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina 194,723 11.82
Azemina Vuković League of Socialist Youth-Democratic Party 61,542 3.74
Total 1,646,815 100

Chamber of Citizens[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Party of Democratic Action 711,075 31.5 43
Serbian Democratic Party 590,431 26.1 34
Croatian Democratic Union 362,855 16.1 21
League of Communists 278,027 12.3 15
Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 201,018 8.9 12
SSO-DSS-DSZ 39,982 1.8 2
Democratic Socialist Alliance 31,623 1.4 1
Muslim Bosniak Organisation 25,975 1.2 2
Other parties 17,522 0.8 0
Invalid/blank votes 80,219
Total 2,338,727 100 130
Registered voters/turnout 3,018,206 77.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Chamber of Municipalities[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Party of Democratic Action 788,616 30.8 43
Serbian Democratic Party 624,951 24.4 38
Croatian Democratic Union 383,279 15.0 23
League of Communists 378,198 14.8 4
Alliance of Reformist Forces of Yugoslavia 281,436 11.0 1
Serbian Renewal Movement 4,217 0.2 1
Other parties 96,650 3.8 0
Invalid/blank votes 83,623
Total 2,640,970 100 110
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p330 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Viktor Meier, Yugoslavia: A History of its Demise, Trans. Sabrina Ramet, (London and New York: Routledge, 1999), p. 193.
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p329
  4. ^ Sources: Dieter Nohlen and Philip Stöver, Elections in Europe: A Data Handbook (Nomos, 2011); Mirsad Karic, "Social Cleavages, Conflict and Accommodation in Bosnian Political History from the Late 19th Century until the 1990s," Bilgi, Issue #22 (2011), p. 91; Virtuts Sambró Melero, "Las elecciones de 1990 en Bosnia," in Carlos Flores Juberías, ed., De la Europa del Este al este de Europa (Universitat de València, 2011), p. 152; Virtuts Sambró Melero, "Contextualització i anàlisi de les eleccions del 18 de novembre de 1990 a la R.S. de Bòsnia i Hercegovina" (Doctoral Thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2009).