Bosnian Americans are Americans whose ancestry can be traced to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The vast majority of Bosnian Americans emigrated to the United States during and after the Bosnian war which lasted from 1992–95. Nevertheless, a large number of Bosnians emigrated to the United States as early as the 19th century. The largest Bosnian-American population can be found in St. Louis, Missouri, which boasts the largest number of Bosnians in the world outside of Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
The Bosnian Community in the USA has a long and distinguished history dating back more than one hundred years. One of the first Bosnian arrivals to any country in the New World was to the United States, and is estimated to have been around the 1860s. According to Embassy estimates there are some 300,000 people of Bosnian origin living in the United States.
The United States has numerous Bosnian cultural, sport and religious associations. Bosnian language newspapers and other periodicals are published in many states; the largest in the United States is the St. Louis based Sabah.
The first Bosnians settled in Chicago in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, joining other immigrants seeking better opportunities and better lives. As the former Yugoslavia continued to find its identity as a nation over the last century, the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina sought stability and new beginnings in the city of Chicago many intending to return to their homeland. Today as many as 70,000 Bosnians and their descendants live in the Chicago area, representing different faiths, backgrounds, and motivations for making America their new home.
A Bosnian neighborhood is located in Hartford's South End, also known as the Bosnian Square.
In 2001 the Bosnian community established the first Bosnian-American television channel, Bostel. Among other cultural institutions that made cultural contributions to diverse American culture is an annual Bosnian-Herzegovinian Film Festival in New York now in its 11th year.
1 Poles came to the United States legally as Austrians, Germans, Prussians or Russians throughout the 19th century, because from 1772-1795 till 1918, all Polish lands had been partitioned between imperial Austria, Prussia (a protoplast of Germany) and Russia until Poland regained its sovereignty in the wake of World War I.
2Russia is a transcontinental country in eastern Europe and northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in European Russia, therefore Russia as a whole is included as a European country here.