Bosnian gauge

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Minimum
  Fifteen inch 381 mm (15 in)

Narrow
  Two foot and
600 mm
597 mm
600 mm
603 mm
610 mm
(1 ft 11 12 in)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 34 in)
(2 ft)
  750 mm,
Bosnian,
Two foot six inch,
800 mm
750 mm
760 mm
762 mm
800 mm
(2 ft 5 12 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 7 12 in)
  Swedish three foot,
900 mm,
Three foot
891 mm
900 mm
914 mm
(2 ft11 332 in)
(2 ft 11 716)
(3 ft)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot six inch,
Cape, CAP, Kyōki
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Four foot six inch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Broad
  Russian,
Five foot
1,520 mm
1,524 mm
(4 ft 11 2732 in)
(5 ft)
  Irish 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
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Bosnian gauge refers to railways with a track gauge of 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in).[1][2] It was used extensively in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire as a standardised form of narrow gauge. The name is also used for lines of the same gauge outside Bosnia, for example in Austria.[3] This track gauge is very similar to 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge and 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in) gauge.

History[edit]

After a British proposal the 1878 Berlin Congress permitted Austria-Hungary to occupy and govern Bosnia-Herzegovina instead of Turkey, the 190 km long Brod - Zenica military railway was built to support maneuvers and supply troops. It was completed in 1879, using the 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) temporary tracks and rolling stock used during the construction of the recently finished Temesvár-Orsova line. The Zenica - Sarajevo extension opened in 1882, with a loading gauge the same as that used on 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge railways, which was thought to be sufficient for general traffic including passenger services.[4]

Narrow gauge railway that once reached Dubrovnik, southern Croatia (photo from 1967).

The Brod - Zenica - Sarajevo Bosna Bahn provided the basis for the narrow gauge railway network which was later established in Bosnia-Herzegovina. In barely two decades a national 760 mm network was built. By the 1890s this stretched through Mostar to the Dalmatian border at Metkovic, and to Gruž, a suburb of Dubrovnik, on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. This narrow gauge main line carried much heavier traffic than many of the minor standard gauge main lines across the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the time of their introduction, the Bosnia-Herzegovian National Railways' 2-4-2 express locomotives of 1894-96 were the fastest narrow gauge locomotives in Europe, with a 60 km/h permitted top speed.[4]

The establishment of the fast-growing network, whose length by the start of the 20th centuries exceeded 1000 km making it the once largest interconnected narrow gauge network[4] in Europe, secured a high reputation for the Monarchy's engineering corps amongst international professional circles.

It was the success of the Bosnian narrow gauge net which gave impetus after the turn of the century to the large-scale building of 760 mm gauge lines across all other territories of the Monarchy. The technical solutions pioneered there were used later on all the narrow gauge railways of Austria-Hungary.[4][5]

Installations[edit]

Country/territory Railway
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
DR Congo
Hungary

Formerly used on many industrial and forest as well as on some regional lines. Some lines built with 600 mm (1 ft 11 58 in)-950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in) gauge were also regauged to 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in). More than 15 lines in Hungary are retained or reconstructed as tourist railways,[6] including

  • Children's railway, Budapest
  • Lillafüredi Állami Erdei Vasút
  • Csömödéri Állami Erdei Vasút

The last two 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in) systems that were part of the national network (lines 118/119 starting from Nyíregyháza and 148/149 near Kecskemét), however, ceased regular operation in 2009.[7]

Italy
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Railroad Gauge Width". Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  2. ^ David Turnock (2006). The economy of East Central Europe 1815-1989: stages of transformation in a peripheral region. Routledge. p. 98. 
  3. ^ "Über das Unternehmen SLB Pinzgauer Lokalbahn". SLB Pinzgauer Lokalbahn. 
  4. ^ a b c d Sándor Malatinszky. "A MÁV legnagyobb teljesítményű keskeny nyomtávolságú gőzmozdonyai" (in Hungarian). Magyar Közlekedési Közművelődésért Alapítvány (Hungarian Foundation for the Transportational Public Knowledge). 
  5. ^ "175 Years Railway in Austria". Privatbahn Magazin. 
  6. ^ http://kisvasut.hu
  7. ^ http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009-es_magyarorsz%C3%A1gi_vas%C3%BAtbez%C3%A1r%C3%A1sok

External links[edit]