Bossier City, Louisiana

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Bossier City, Louisiana
City
City of Bossier
Notable attractions in Bossier City. (From top left) Louisiana Boardwalk, CenturyLink Center, and Margaritaville
Notable attractions in Bossier City. (From top left) Louisiana Boardwalk, CenturyLink Center, and Margaritaville
Flag of Bossier City, Louisiana
Flag
Motto: "Union, Justice, Confidence"
Bossier City is located in Louisiana
Bossier City
Bossier City
Location of Bossier City in Bossier Parish, Louisiana
Coordinates: 32°31′04″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°W / 32.51778; -93.69139Coordinates: 32°31′04″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°W / 32.51778; -93.69139
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parishes Bossier
Founded 1907
Government
 • Mayor Lorenz James "Lo" Walker (R)
 • City Council
Area
 • City 111.8 sq mi (290 km2)
 • Land 109.7 sq mi (284 km2)
 • Water 2.1 sq mi (5 km2)  1.89%
 • Metro 2,698 sq mi (6,987.8 km2)
Elevation 174 ft (53 m)
Population (2012)
 • City 64,655 (8th in state)
 • Density 1,382.6/sq mi (533.8/km2)
 • Metro 447,193 (US: 112th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 318
Website www.bossiercity.org

Bossier City (/ˈbʒər/;[1] French: Ville de Bossier) is a city in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, United States.[2][3]

As of the 2010 census, Bossier City had a population of 61,315.[4] The 2012 estimate was 64,655.[5] Bossier City is located on the eastern bank of the Red River and is closely tied to its larger sister city Shreveport on the opposite bank. The Shreveport – Bossier City metropolitan area is the center of the region known as the Ark-La-Tex.

It is not the parish seat. The parish courthouse is located instead in Benton about 12 miles (19 km) to the north of Bossier City.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

In the 1830s, Bossier City was known as Bennett's Bluff, named after William Bennett, who with his wife Mary Ciley and his business partner James Cane owned a plantation near the Red River, in now south Bossier. The Cane & Bennett Trading Post had printed paper money and was successful, even though both Cane and Bennett died before the Civil War. Ciley married Cane after Bennett's death. The plantation then became known as Cane's Landing. It had a ferry and served as a shipping point. The post was run by the widowed Mrs. Cane. Steamboat loads of cotton, corn, and sweet potatoes were shipped to markets in the south and east, from the plantation port. Later on, Cane's Landing would become known as Cane City.

In 1843, a section of land was divided out of the Great Natchitoches district and Claiborne Parish areas and was called Bossier Parish. The section of land was named in honor of Pierre Evariste John Baptiste Bossier, a former Creole general, who became a cotton farmer in Bossier Parish. He is considered one of the first settlers in the area.

In the 1840s, the Great Western Migration began, and the parish grew in population. Many early settlers passed through the region on their way to the wild West. By 1850, over 200 wagons a week passed through Bossier City. Some of these settlers stayed, attracted by the soil and river valley. In 1850, the census listed the population at around 6,962.

Civil War[edit]

During the Civil War, companies of Confederate soldiers left Cane's Landing aboard steamboats for the distant battlefields. Mrs. Cane hosted hundreds of Confederate officers and troops who were heading off to war. Mrs. Cane's plantation was fortified to protect Shreveport by three batteries, with Fort Kirby Smith in the center. The others were Batteries Price, and Walker & Ewell.

Fort Smith stood near the now Bossier High School and protected the area from an eastern invasion. The Civil War hit Bossier Parish in 1861 and ended in Shreveport four years later, when the Trans-Mississippi Department surrendered.

Shed Road[edit]

Shed Road, the first all-weather turnpike in the American South, was constructed in the 1870s and operated from 1874 to 1886. It extended for 9 miles (14 km) from Red Chute to the Red River. There was a plantation at the end of the elevated and covered roadway, which was reached by a ferry boat. The covered road made the transportation of goods easier before the arrival of the railroads.

Classification as a city[edit]

Anna B., granddaughter of James and Mary, felt the area would prosper and began promoting the idea of a riverfront city. Anna B. and J. J. Stockwell sold lots in 1883. The area grew quickly, as did transportation through it.

Cane City was said as being incorporated by former Governor Newton C. Blanchard and renamed as the village of Bossier City. It has grown from an area of one square mile to a city containing over 40 square miles (100 km2). Continued growth led to Bossier City's classification being changed from village to town by Governor John M. Parker. Later, Governor Earl Kemp Long issued a proclamation classifying Bossier City a city.

The "golden spike" commemorated the completion of the east-west Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pacific Railroad. It was driven at Bossier City on July 12, 1884, by Julia "Pansy" Rule. It was the first such spike to be driven by a woman. The north-south Shreveport and Arkansas Railroad was completed on April 6, 1888. The Louisiana-Arkansas Railroad was completed on November 2, 1909. The Dixie Overland Highway from the East to the West Coast was built in 1918. These railroads and highways combined to make Bossier City a hub for future activity.

The discovery of crude oil, to the south, in 1908, thrust Bossier City into the nationwide oil boom. Bossier's central location to the rural oil fields made it a major player in the oil patch. Several international oil companies are located here. The advantages brought by black gold fueled many civic, social and economic improvements.

A fire on June 23, 1925, consumed one-half of downtown Bossier City. Local citizens were unable to battle the blaze. The loss spurred civic improvements including a modern water system capable of fighting such fires, a new City Hall, a modern fire alarm system, modern sidewalks and the first city park.

In the 1930s, construction began on Barksdale Air Force Base. The first unit assigned to Barksdale was the 20th Pursuit Group. Before World War II, Barksdale was a training school for the Army Air Corps. During the war, Barksdale trained pilots, navigators, and bombardiers. Later the base became one of the key bases of the Strategic Air Command in the new Air Force. Barksdale is the headquarters for the 8th Air Force. The land that base is built was purchased by local residents who donated the land to the U.S. Army.

In the 1890s, Cane City had a population of about 600. Bossier City now has a 2012 estimated population of over 64,000. First a cotton-exporting river landing, next a railroad town, then an airbase and oil-boom town, Bossier City is now known for its tourism and recreational gaming.[6][7]

Three casinos in the city have financed a number of municipal projects, many completed during the administration of the late Mayor George Dement. Recent improvements include the CenturyLink Center, Louisiana Boardwalk, Benton Road Overpass, and the Arthur Ray Teague Parkway, located along the eastern side of the Red River. Dement also procured Amtrak service between Bossier City and Dallas, Texas.[8] Dement was succeeded as mayor in 2005 by his administrative assistant and former mayoral opponent from 1989, Lo Walker, the first Republican to hold the city's top executive position.[9]

Geography[edit]

Bossier City is located at 32°31′4″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°W / 32.51778; -93.69139 (32.517651, -93.691397)[10] and has an elevation of 174 feet (53.0 m).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.2 square miles (111.8 km2), of which 42.4 square miles (109.7 km2) is land and 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), or 1.89%, is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 775
1920 1,094 41.2%
1930 4,003 265.9%
1940 5,786 44.5%
1950 15,470 167.4%
1960 32,776 111.9%
1970 41,595 26.9%
1980 50,817 22.2%
1990 52,721 3.7%
2000 56,461 7.1%
2010 61,315 8.6%
Est. 2012 64,655 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 estimate[5]

As of the census of 2010, there were 61,315 people,[3] 25,200 households, and 14,901 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,382.6 people per square mile (533.8/km²). There were 23,026 housing units at an average density of 563.9 per square mile (217.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.44% White, 20.74% African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.73% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.95% of the population.

There were 23,197 households, out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. Nearly 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city of Bossier City, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,561, and the median income for a family was $42,642. Males had a median income of $30,632 versus $22,174 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,032. About 11.4% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Bossier City residents are zoned to Bossier Parish Schools.[13] Public schools in the area are listed below:

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Apollo Elementary School
  • Bellaire Elementary School
  • Benton Elementary School
  • Bossier Elementary School
  • Carrie Martin Elementary School
  • Central Park Elementary School
  • Curtis Elementary School
  • Elm Grove Elementary School
  • Legacy Elementary School
  • Meadowview Elementary School
  • Plantation Park Elementary School
  • Platt Elementary School
  • Princeton Elementary School
  • T. L. Rhodes Elementary School
  • R.V. Kerr Elementary School
  • Stockwell Place Elementary School
  • Sun City Elementary School
  • W.T. Lewis Elementary School
  • Waller Elementary School

Middle schools[edit]

  • Benton Middle School
  • Cope Middle School
  • Elm Grove Middle School
  • Greenacres Middle School
  • Haughton Middle School
  • Plain Dealing Middle/High School
  • T.O. Rusheon Middle School

High schools[edit]

  • Airline High School
  • Benton High School
  • Bossier High School
  • Haughton High School
  • Parkway High School
  • Plain Dealing High/Middle School

Community colleges[edit]

Universities[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Bossier City is served by the Bossier Press-Tribune and Shreveport Times. In addition, The Forum Newsweekly, City Lights and SB Magazine are newsmagazines in the Shreveport-Bossier area.

Television[edit]

See Shreveport, Louisiana

Music[edit]

"Bossier City" is a song by David Allan Coe, in which he sings, "And it sure smells like snow in Bossier City..." Johnny Rodriguez recorded a song called "Achin' Bossier City Backyard Blues" in 1972. Turnpike Troubadours 2007 freshman album is entitled Bossier City, and includes the title track "Bossier City."

Radio[edit]

FM radio[edit]

Callsign Channel Genre
KQHN 97.3 Top 40
KMJJ-FM 99.7 Hip Hop
KRMD-FM 101.1 Country
KVMA-FM 102.9 Soul
KRUF 94.5 Top 40

AM radio[edit]

Callsign Channel Genre
KRMD (AM) 1340 Sports

Sports, gambling, and entertainment[edit]

Horseshoe Casino offers gambling entertainment in the Shreveport-Bossier metro area.
The CenturyLink Center hosts athletic events and concerts in Bossier City.
The Red River from the Arthur Teague Parkway in Bossier City

Bossier City and Shreveport now share an all-women's flat track roller derby team named the Twin City Knockers. The team is the newest competing sport in the area, founded in January 2010. Bouts are hosted at Hot Wheels skating rink in south Bossier.

The CenturyLink Center (formerly CenturyTel Center) in Bossier City was the home of the Bossier–Shreveport Battle Wings AF2 arena football team, as well as the Bossier-Shreveport Mudbugs of the Central Hockey League. The arena has hosted top performers, including Britney Spears and Aerosmith, as well as rodeos, ice shows, and children's entertainment.[citation needed]

The 2005 Red River Classic PRCA Rodeo to be hosted at the CenturyTel Center was cancelled due to the arena being used as a shelter for Hurricane Katrina evacuees.[15]

The city hosts four riverboat casino gambling resorts along the east bank of the Red River: Margaritaville, Horseshoe, Boomtown, and Diamond Jack's. Horse racing and gambling on slot machines is also available at Harrah's Louisiana Downs, which opened in 1974.

Notable people[edit]

Military[edit]

Bossier City is the location of Barksdale Air Force Base, home of the 2nd Bomb Wing, 8th Air Force, and 307th Bomb Wing. It was established February 2, 1933, and is one of the area's largest employers. Barksdale encompasses 22,000 acres (89 km2) and hosts the majority of the B-52 Stratofortresses used by the United States Air Force.

References[edit]

  1. ^ bō′·zhər
  2. ^ "Bossier City, Louisiana (LA) Detailed Profile" (notes),City Data, 2007, webpage: City-data.com.
  3. ^ a b "Census 2000 Data for the State of Louisiana" (town list), US Census Bureau, May 2003, webpage: Census.gov.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bossier City city, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 (PEPANNRES): Louisiana Incorporated Places". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ City of Bossier City Centennial
  7. ^ City of Bossier City
  8. ^ "Amanda Crane, "'Mr. Bossier' turns 91"". bossierpress.com. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Lo Walker to seek third term as Bossier City mayor, April 12, 2012". KTBS-TV. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING". Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  13. ^ Bossier Parish Schools.
  14. ^ http://shrevebossier.latech.edu/
  15. ^ "2005 Red River Classic PRCA Rodeo Cancelled". CenturyTel Center, 2005. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Judge Jeff Cox". 26jdc.com. Retrieved April 26, 2014. 
  17. ^ "O.E. Price obituary". Shreveport Times, February 24, 2006. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Judge Parker Self". 26jdc.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]