U.S. Route 1 in Massachusetts

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 1 in Massachusetts. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 1.

U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route information
Maintained by MassDOT
Length: 85.60 mi[1] (137.76 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 in Pawtucket, RI
 
North end: US 1 in Seabrook, NH
Location
Counties: Bristol, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex
Highway system
  • Massachusetts State Highway Routes
I‑495 Route 1A
Route 1A MA Route C1.svg Route 2
Southbound in Topsfield

In the U.S. state of Massachusetts, U.S. Route 1 is a major north–south state highway through Boston. The portion of US 1 south of Boston is also known as the Boston-Providence Turnpike, and portions north of the city are known as the Northeast Expressway and the Newburyport Turnpike.

Route description[edit]

US 1 enters the state from Rhode Island at Attleboro. It closely parallels Interstate 95 as it goes through the towns of North Attleboro, Plainville, Wrentham, Foxborough, Walpole, Sharon, Norwood (where a segment is known as the Norwood Automile due to the many car dealerships that line the road), and Westwood. US 1 then has a wrong-way concurrency with Interstate 95 up to the junction with Interstate 93 then travels along Interstate 93 from Canton through downtown Boston, separating from the Interstate just after passing through the Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Tunnel and crossing the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge. The route crosses the Tobin Bridge traveling over Chelsea and Revere as a freeway known as Boston's Northeast Expressway, then as a four to six lane RIRO expressway (surface road without at-grade intersections or traffic lights) through Malden, Melrose, Saugus and Lynnfield. From Lynnfield, US 1 again closely parallels Interstate 95 going through the towns of Peabody, Danvers, Topsfield, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Newburyport, and Salisbury, before it enters the state of New Hampshire.

Route 1A runs alongside Route 1 in four parts of the state.

History[edit]

Route 1 in Massachusetts was constructed in sections throughout the 1930s, partly by widening existing roads and also by constructing new right of ways to bypass more congested areas. Originally most of the highway was two or three lanes in each direction, with numerous widening and improvements made over the years.

Lower Boston Post Road[edit]

Turnpike era[edit]

Most of US 1 consists of two former turnpike roads — the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike and the Newburyport Turnpike. The older roads that these turnpikes were meant to bypass are now mostly Route 1A.

Designation of Route 1[edit]

Massachusetts Route C1[edit]

MA Route C1.svg

In the early 1930s, Route C1 was designated as an alternate route of US 1 through downtown Boston. The "C" indicated a city route. The C designation was apparently distinct to the Boston area. Route C1 ran along Brookline Avenue, Beacon Street, Embankment Road (modern Route 28), Charles Street, Lowell Street, Merrimac Street, and Cross Street to the west end of the Sumner Tunnel. In East Boston, it went via Porter Street to Chelsea Street then shifted to the William McClellan Highway (modern Route 1A). As Storrow Drive and the Central Artery opened in the 1950s, Route C1 was rerouted to follow portions of these highways. The Route C1 designation was removed in 1971, with US 1 taking over most of the alignment south of the Charles River, and Route 1A taking over most of the alignment north of the river. US 1 was later moved onto the Southeast Expressway leaving most of the former alignment of C1 south of the river as having no number.

Relocation in Boston[edit]

US 1 replaced the cancelled I-95 on the Northeast Expressway, north of downtown Boston, in the 1970s.[2] In the late 1980s, in anticipation of the 1994 FIFA World Cup, US 1 was moved onto I-93 south of and through Boston, leaving the old route - VFW Parkway, Jamaicaway, Riverway, and Storrow Drive through Dedham, Brookline, West Roxbury and several other Boston neighborhoods - without a number. There are still some street signs incorrectly indicating the former alignment as US 1, and many local residents still refer to parts of VFW Parkway and Jamaicaway as "Route 1", as if it still runs along its old trajectory.[citation needed]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Bristol Attleboro 0.0 0.0 US 1 south – Pawtucket Continuation into Rhode Island
0.3 0.5 I‑95 north – Foxboro, Boston Northbound exit and southbound entrance, exit 1 on I-95
1.8 2.9 Route 123 – Attleboro, Brockton, Valley Falls, RI
2.0 3.2 Route 1A south – Attleboro, Providence, RI North end of Route 1A (Bristol County section)
North Attleboro 4.0 6.4 I‑295 to I‑95 – Attleboro, Boston, Warwick, RI Exits 1A-B on I-295
5.2 8.4 Route 120 west – Cumberland, RI Eastern end of Route 120
7.4 11.9 Route 1A north – Plainville, Wrentham South end of Route 1A (Norfolk County section)
Norfolk Plainville 8.4 13.5 Route 106 – Plainville, Easton
10.0 16.1 Route 152 south – Attleboro, Seekonk Northern end of Route 152
10.6 17.1 I‑495 – Cape Cod, Marlboro Exits 14A-B on I-495
Foxboro 13.6 21.9 To Route 140 – Foxboro, Wrentham Connection via local roads
Sharon 18.3 29.5 I‑95 south – Attleboro, Providence, RI Southbound exit and northbound entrance, exit 9 on I-95
18.4 29.6 I‑95 north – Boston Northbound exit and southbound entrance, exit 9 on I-95
Walpole 19.1 30.7 Route 27 – Walpole, Medfield, Sharon
Westwood 25.9 41.7 MA Route 1A.svg Providence Highway north to Route 1A south
25.9 41.7 I‑95 north / Route 128 north – Peabody, Portsmouth, NH South end of overlap with I-95 / Route 128, exit 15 on I-95 / Route 128
South end of limited-access highway
See Route 128 exits 15-12 and I-93 exits 1-26
Suffolk Boston 46.5 74.8 I‑93 north – Somerville, Charlestown, Concord, NH North end of overlap with I-93, exit 27 on I-93
Mystic River Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge
Suffolk Chelsea 48.4 77.9 Beacon Street / Everett Avenue Northbound exit to Beacon, southbound entrance from Everett
49.0–
49.3
78.9–
79.3
Fourth Street / Fifth Street Northbound exit to Fourth and southbound entrance from Fifth
49.7 80.0 Sixth Street Northbound entrance only
49.9 80.3 Carter Street – Chelsea, East Boston Southbound exit and entrance
50.1 80.6 Route 16 west Southbound entrance only
50.3 81.0 Webster Avenue – Chelsea, Everett Northbound exit only
50.5 81.3 Route 16 east to Route 1A – Revere Beach, Lynn Northbound exit and entrance
Revere 50.8 81.8 Route 16 west – Everett, Somerville Southbound exit and entrance
51.8 83.4 Sargent Street – West Revere Northbound exit and southbound entrance
52.4–
52.8
84.3–
85.0
Route 60 – Malden, Revere Copeland Circle
53.1 85.5 Lynn Street east – Saugus
Middlesex Malden 53.3 85.8 Lynn Street west – Malden
Essex Saugus 54.5 87.7 Route 99 south – Malden, Everett No northbound exit, northern end of Route 99
54.8 88.2 Essex Street – Melrose, Saugus
55.3 89.0 Main Street – Saugus, Wakefield
56.5 90.9 Lynn Fells Parkway west – Melrose, Stoneham East end of the Lynn Fells Parkway
57.8 93.0 Route 129 west / Walnut Street – Wakefield, Reading, Lynn South end of overlap with Route 129
Lynnfield 58.8 94.6 Route 129 east – Lynn, Swampscott North end of overlap with Route 129
Peabody 59.5–
60.1
95.8–
96.7
I‑95 / Route 128 – Waltham, Gloucester Exit 44 on I-95 / Route 128
61.0 98.2 I‑95 north – New Hampshire, Maine Northbound exit and southbound entrance
61.6 99.1 Lowell Street – Peabody
Danvers 62.5 100.6 Route 114 – Peabody, Middleton
63.2 101.7 Centre Street – Danvers
64.2 103.3 Route 62 – Danvers, Middleton
65.0 104.6 I‑95 – Boston, Portsmouth, NH Exit 50 on I-95
Topsfield 68.1 109.6 Route 97 – Topsfield Center, Haverhill, Beverly
Rowley 73.1 117.6 Route 133 – Rowley, Ipswich, Georgetown
Newburyport 80.9 130.2 Summer Street / Winter Street – Downtown Newburyport Northbound exit (Summer) and southbound entrance (Winter)
81.1 130.5 Route 1A south (Merrimac Street) North end of with Route 1A (Essex and Suffolk County sections), southbound exit and northbound entrance, north end of limited-access highway
Salisbury 83.0 133.6 Route 110 west – Amesbury, Haverhill Eastern end of Route 110
83.1 133.7 Route 1A north – Salisbury Beach South end of Route 1A (Essex and Rockingham County sections)
85.3 137.3 Route 286 – Amesbury, Seabrook, NH
86.2 138.7 US 1 north – Hampton Continuation into New Hampshire
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Widening project[edit]

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation is proposing a $137 million project to widen the existing 2.4-mile four-lane highway section to six lanes, from north of Route 99 in Saugus to south of Route 60 in Revere. The project consists of adding a twelve-foot travel lane and ten-foot shoulder in each direction. Work also will include reconstruction of the Copeland Circle interchange by eliminating the existing rotary, and demolition of the existing 1957 bridges from the never-built highway extension. The Lynn Street/Salem Street interchange in Malden, and the Route 99 interchange in Saugus, will be reconstructed. Major rock blasting will be required for the project due to a massive ledge next to the highway. Seven bridges will be replaced and three others upgraded to handle the new lanes. The project is expected to begin in 2012 with completion in 2015.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


U.S. Route 1
Previous state:
Rhode Island
Massachusetts Next state:
New Hampshire