Boston (Hasidic dynasty)

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The New England Chassidic Center on Beacon Street, Brookline Mass. where the Bostoner Rebbe has his Chassidic Court in America
The Israel Boston Chassidic Center on Ruzhin Street, Har Nof, Jerusalem

Boston is a Hasidic sect, originally established in 1915 by Grand Rabbi Pinchas Duvid Horowitz. Following the custom of European Chassidic Courts, where the Rebbe was called after the name of his city, Bostoner Chassidus was named after Boston, Massachusetts. The most senior and well-known of the Bostoner Rebbes in contemporary times was Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, who died in December 2009.

Amid a spectrum of notable accomplishments and "firsts in America," the Bostoner Chassidim are known for acts of kindness, the ability to apply ancient Jewish values in modern society, outreach to students, and tangible help for the sick and their families during crucial times of need. The Bostoner Chassidim also have a rich musical tradition with many unique songs sung in the Chassidic Courts of Boston in various locations around the world.

The worldwide community of Bostoner Chassidim has headquarters in Brookline, MA and Har Nof, Jerusalem, with additional branches in Beit Shemesh, Israel; Beitar Illit, West Bank; Flatbush, NY; Highland Park, NJ; Lawrence, NY; and Monsey, NY.

Origins[edit]

Grand Rabbi Pinchas David Horowitz, the first Bostoner Rebbe, a scion of the Rebbe Reb Shmelke of Nikolsburg and the Lelov dynasty, first arrived in Boston in 1915 from the Land of Israel via Europe. Shortly after his arrival, Rabbi Pinchas David was accepted as Rebbe by a small group of followers he attracted from within the Boston Jewish community. However, in 1939, he left Boston and moved to Brooklyn where he opened the Bostoner Beis Medrash of Williamsburg. After his death in 1941, his older son, Rav Moshe, succeeded him in New York, while his younger son, Rav Levi Yitzchok, moved back to Boston in 1943 and built the New England Chassidic Center.

In his lifetime, Reb Moshe founded the Bostoner Bais Medrash of Crown Heights and the Bostoner Bais Medrash of Borough Park. In 1985, upon the passing of Reb Moshe, his eldest son, Reb Avrohom Horowitz, succeeded him as Bostoner Rebbe of New York. In 1989, Reb Moshe's younger son, Reb Pinchas Dovid, moved to Flatbush to establish a community there. He eventually accepted the mantle of Bostoner Rebbe of Flatbush. In 2006 Reb Avrohom moved to Beit Shemesh in Israel to establish a community there.

In the mid 1980s, Rav Levi Yitzchok established another Boston community in Har Nof, Jerusalem, and would spend half of the year in Boston and half of the year in Jerusalem. On Saturday, December 5, 2009 the Bostoner Rebbe, Rav Levi Yitzchok Horowitz, died in Jerusalem, Israel, survived by his three sons and 2 daughters. In the spiritual will of Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Horowitz, the title of Grand Rabbi of Boston was bestowed upon all three surviving sons.[1][2] Rav Pinchos Dovid Horowitz, the Chuster Rov of Boro Park, the oldest, serves as Bostoner Rebbe in New York; Rav Mayer Horowitz, serves as Bostoner Rebbe in Har Nof, Yerushalayim; and Rav Naftali Horowitz, the youngest, serves as Bostoner Rebbe in Boston, MA.

Lineage of the Boston dynasty[edit]

L-to-R, Admor Grand Rabbi Pinchas Duvid Horowitz of New York, Admor Grand Rabbi Mayer Alter Horowitz of Jerusalem, Admor Grand Rabbi Naftali Yehudah Horowitz of Boston, MA
    • Grand Rabbi Moshe Horowitz (died 1985) Bostoner Rebbe of New York – Born in Jerusalem, he was the elder son of Rabbi Pinchas and the first Chasidic Rebbe to succeed his father in America, establishing a Bostoner Beis Medrash in Crown Heights, Brooklyn and later in Borough Park, Brooklyn. He was active in the formation of Agudath Israel of America and a member of its Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah (Council of Torah Sages), and was a founder of Yeshiva Torah Vodaath. He worked with the Vaad Hatzalah to help settle Jewish refugees in America during and after World War II.[citation needed]
      • Grand Rabbi Chaim Avrohom Horowitz, present Bostoner Rebbe of Borough Park and Ramat Beit Shemesh
        • Rabbi Yankel Horowitz of Lawrence, NY – son of Grand Rabbi Chaim Avrohom
        • Rabbi Yisroel Yona Horowitz Ruv Bostoner Bais Medrash of Boro Park – son of Grand Rabbi Chaim Avrohom
      • Grand Rabbi Pinchas Duvid Horowitz, present Bostoner Rebbe of Flatbush – son of Grand Rabbi Moshe Horowitz
        • Rabbi Mordechai Horowitz R"M of Darchei Noam - son of Grand Rabbi Pinchos Dovid of Flatbush
        • Rabbi Chaim Avrohom Horowitz of Monsey – son of Grand Rabbi Pinchos Duvid of Flatbush
    • Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Horowitz, (1921–2009) the Bostoner Rebbe in Brookline and Har Nof – son of Rabbi Pinchas David Horowitz
      • Rabbi Pinchas Duvid Horowitz – Chuster Ruv - eldest son of Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchok - successor to his father as Bostoner-Chuster Rebbe of New York, and Chuster-Bostoner Rebbe of Betar Illit
        • Rabbi Moshe Shimon Horowitz, Bostoner Ruv of Betar Illit - eldest son of the Chuster-Bostoner Rebbe
        • Rabbi Yisroel Aharon Horowitz - son of the Chuster-Bostoner Rebbe and son-in-law of Rabbi Yitzchok Arie Weiss, Horodonka Rebbe of Manchester, England
        • Reb Shia'le Horowitz, Bostoner Ruv of Monsey - son of the Chuster-Bostoner Rebbe
        • Rabbi Yechiel Mechel Horowitz, Bostoner Ruv of Highland Park, New Jersey - son of the Chuster-Bostoner Rebbe
      • Rabbi Mayer Horowitz, of Jerusalem - middle son of Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchok, successor to his father as Bostoner Rebbe in the Har Nof section of Jerusalem.
      • Rabbi Naftali Horowitz, The Bostoner Rebbe (Boston, MA) – youngest son of Grand Rabbi Levi Yitzchok, successor to his father as the Bostoner Rebbe of Boston.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Three Sons to Succeed Bostoner Rebbe as Admorim". Matzav.com (Israel). 13 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "The Bostoner Chassidus Accepts New Admorim". Yeshiva World News (Israel). 14 December 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2009. all three of his sons were crowned with the title of “Adoneinu Moreinu v’Rabeinu” [Admor]  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)

External links[edit]

  • Bostoner Rebbes
  • Moshe D. Sherman Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook pp 94–96