Boston Custer

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Boston Custer
Boston-Custer.jpg
Boston Custer
Born (1848-10-31)October 31, 1848
New Rumley, Ohio
Died June 25, 1876(1876-06-25) (aged 27)
Little Bighorn, Montana Territory
Place of burial Woodland Cemetery, Monroe, Michigan
Allegiance  United States of America
Rank Civilian contractor
Unit 7th U.S. Cavalry, 1874 - 1976
Battles/wars

Indian Wars

Boston Custer (October 31, 1848 – June 25, 1876) was the youngest brother of U.S. Army General George Armstrong Custer and two-time Medal of Honor recipient Captain Thomas Custer. He was killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn along with his two brothers.

Early life[edit]

Boston Custer was born in New Rumley, Ohio, one of five children born to Emanuel Henry Custer and Maria Ward Kirkpatrick Custer. In 1863, the family left Ohio and moved to Monroe, Michigan. His older brother Nevin became a farmer due to asthma and rheumatism, while George and Tom became military officers in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Boston Custer had been unable to officially join the Army due to poor health.

Battle[edit]

Boston Custer's headstone (on the far left) at the Woodland Cemetery in Monroe, Michigan.

A civilian contractor, he served as forage master for his brother's U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment in the 1874 Black Hills expedition. He was employed as a guide, forager, packer and scout for the regiment for the 1876 expedition against the Lakota Indians. On June 25, 1876, along with his 18-year-old nephew Henry Armstrong "Autie" Reed, Boston Custer was with the pack train at the rear of Custer's troops. Hearing from a messenger that Lt. Col. Custer had requested ammunition for an impending fight, they quickly left the pack train. The pair passed by Frederick Benteen's detachment and joined Custer's main column as it moved into position to attack a sprawling Indian village along the Little Big Horn River. Had he stayed with the pack train where he was assigned, Boston Custer might have survived the battle.

Death[edit]

However, like his brothers and nephew, Boston was killed at the area known as "Last Stand Hill." A marble marker commemorates the approximate place where his body was found and identified. Though originally buried on the battlefield, Autie Reed's and Boston Custer's remains were exhumed, the only exceptions to the rule that only commissioned officers would be shipped home for reburial. They were reinterred January 8, 1878, at Woodland Cemetery in Monroe, Michigan, near today's Monroe County, Michigan Museum.

Film[edit]

Boston Custer was portrayed by actor Patrick Johnston in the biopic Son of the Morning Star.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Custer, Boston, and O'Neill, Thomas, editor, Letters from Boston Custer, Brooklyn, NY: Arrow and Trooper, 1993.

External links[edit]