Boston Gazette

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The Boston Gazette
BostonGazette 1756.JPG
Type Weekly newspaper
Founded 1719
Language English
Ceased publication 1798
Headquarters Boston, Massachusetts  United States

The Boston Gazette (1719–1798) was a newspaper published in Boston, Massachusetts, in the British North American colonies. It began publication December 21, 1719 and appeared weekly.

Brief history[edit]

The paper was started as a rival to The Boston News-Letter, the first successful newspaper in the Colonies, which had begun its long run in 1704. In 1741 the Boston Gazette incorporated the New-England Weekly Journal and became the Boston-Gazette, or New-England Weekly Journal. Contributors included: Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, Phyllis Wheatley.

Publishers, and men acting their behalf, included: (dates are approximate)[1]

  • Benjamin Edes, Ben Franklin, James Franklin (1719)
  • William Brooker (1719)
  • Philip Musgrave (1720)
  • Thomas Lewis (1725–1726)
  • Henry Marshall (1726–1727)
  • Bartholomew Green (1727–1732)
  • John Boydell (d. Dec. 11, 1739) (1732–1736)
  • Timothy Green (1736–1741)
  • Samuel Kneeland (1720–1753)
  • John Gill (1755–1775) DAR Patriot # A044675
  • Benjamin Edes (1755–1794)
  • Benjamin Edes, Jr. (1779–1794)
  • Peter Edes (1779-ca.1784)
Obituary of Patrick Carr, Boston Massacre victim. Boston Gazette, 19 March 1770. Engraving by Paul Revere.

The paper's masthead vignette, produced by Paul Revere shows a seated Britannia with Liberty cap on staff, freeing a bird from a cage. Motto: "Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestic" This issue is often reprinted.[2]

"After the Revolution [the paper] lost its great contributors and its tone and policy were changed. It bitterly opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States and the administration of Washington. The paper declined in power, interest and popular favor, till, after a long struggle, in 1798, it was discontinued for want of support."[3]

Varying Titles[edit]

  • Boston gazette (Dec. 21, 1719-Oct. 19, 1741).
  • Boston gazette, or, New England weekly journal (Oct. 20, 1741).
  • Boston gazette, or, Weekly journal (Oct. 27, 1741-Dec. 26, 1752).
  • Boston gazette, or, Weekly advertiser (Jan. 3, 1753-Apr. 1, 1755).
  • Boston gazette, or, Country journal (Apr. 7, 1755-Apr. 5, 1756).
  • Boston gazette, and the country journal (Apr. 12, 1756-Dec. 30, 1793).
  • Boston gazette, and weekly republican journal (Jan. 6, 1794-Sept. 17, 1798).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Massachusetts - Eighteenth-Century American Newspapers in the Library of Congress (Serial and Government Publications Division)". Loc.gov. 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 
  2. ^ "HistoryBuff.com". HistoryBuff.com. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 
  3. ^ Isaiah Thomas. The History of Printing in America: With a Biography of Printers, and an Account of Newspapers. From the press of Isaiah Thomas, 1874; p.lx.

Further reading[edit]

  • Apfelbaum. Early American Newspapers and Their Printers.
  • Mary Farwell Ayer, Albert Matthews. Check-list of Boston newspapers, 1704-1780. Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1907.
  • TOLD IN "ADS."; Newspaper Notices a Source of History. Paul Revere Advertised Sale of Best Psalm Tune. First Umbrella Picture in Boston Gazette. Boston Daily Globe, Mar 29, 1914. p.SM15.
  • Brigham. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers. 1968.
  • HOLMBERG, GEORGIA MCKEE. BRITISH-AMERICAN WHIG POLITICAL RHETORIC, 1765-1776: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE "London Gazette", "LONDON CHRONICLE", AND "BOSTON Gazette" (dissertation). University of Pittsburgh, 1979.
  • Walt Nott. From "uncultivated Barbarian" to "poetical genius": the public presence of Phillis Wheatley. MELUS. Fall 1993. Vol.18,Iss.3;p. 21(12).
  • Patricia Bradley. The 'Boston Gazette' and slavery as revolutionary propaganda. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 22 Sep 1995. Vol.72,Iss.3;p. 581(16).
  • Sandra Moore. The "Boston Gazette and Country Journal": Voice of resistance and mouthpiece of the Revolution (dissertation). University of Houston, 2005.

External links[edit]