|Headquarters||Boston, Massachusetts United States|
The Boston Gazette (1719–1798) was a newspaper published in Boston, Massachusetts, in the British North American colonies. It began publication December 21, 1719 and appeared weekly. It should not be confused with the Boston gazette (1803-1816).
The paper was started as a rival to The Boston News-Letter, the first successful newspaper in the Colonies, which had begun its long run in 1704. In 1741 the Boston Gazette incorporated the New-England Weekly Journal and became the Boston-Gazette, or New-England Weekly Journal. Contributors included: Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, Phyllis Wheatley.
Publishers, and men acting their behalf, included: (dates are approximate)
- Benjamin Edes, Ben Franklin, James Franklin (1719)
- William Brooker (1719)
- Philip Musgrave (1720)
- Thomas Lewis (1725–1726)
- Henry Marshall (1726–1727)
- Bartholomew Green (1727–1732)
- John Boydell (d. Dec. 11, 1739) (1732–1736)
- Timothy Green (1736–1741)
- Samuel Kneeland (1720–1753)
- John Gill (1755–1775) DAR Patriot # A044675
- Benjamin Edes (1755–1794)
- Benjamin Edes, Jr. (1779–1794)
- Peter Edes (1779-ca.1784)
The paper's masthead vignette, produced by Paul Revere shows a seated Britannia with Liberty cap on staff, freeing a bird from a cage. Motto: "Containing the freshest Advices, Foreign and Domestic" This issue is often reprinted.
"After the Revolution [the paper] lost its great contributors and its tone and policy were changed. It bitterly opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States and the administration of Washington. The paper declined in power, interest and popular favor, till, after a long struggle, in 1798, it was discontinued for want of support."
- Boston gazette (Dec. 21, 1719-Oct. 19, 1741).
- Boston gazette, or, New England weekly journal (Oct. 20, 1741).
- Boston gazette, or, Weekly journal (Oct. 27, 1741-Dec. 26, 1752).
- Boston gazette, or, Weekly advertiser (Jan. 3, 1753-Apr. 1, 1755).
- Boston gazette, or, Country journal (Apr. 7, 1755-Apr. 5, 1756).
- Boston gazette, and the country journal (Apr. 12, 1756-Dec. 30, 1793).
- Boston gazette, and weekly republican journal (Jan. 6, 1794-Sept. 17, 1798).
- "Massachusetts - Eighteenth-Century American Newspapers in the Library of Congress (Serial and Government Publications Division)". Loc.gov. 2010-07-19. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
- "HistoryBuff.com". HistoryBuff.com. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
- Isaiah Thomas. The History of Printing in America: With a Biography of Printers, and an Account of Newspapers. From the press of Isaiah Thomas, 1874; p.lx.
- Apfelbaum. Early American Newspapers and Their Printers.
- Mary Farwell Ayer, Albert Matthews. Check-list of Boston newspapers, 1704-1780. Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1907.
- TOLD IN "ADS."; Newspaper Notices a Source of History. Paul Revere Advertised Sale of Best Psalm Tune. First Umbrella Picture in Boston Gazette. Boston Daily Globe, Mar 29, 1914. p.SM15.
- Brigham. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers. 1968.
- HOLMBERG, GEORGIA MCKEE. BRITISH-AMERICAN WHIG POLITICAL RHETORIC, 1765-1776: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF THE "London Gazette", "LONDON CHRONICLE", AND "BOSTON Gazette" (dissertation). University of Pittsburgh, 1979.
- Walt Nott. From "uncultivated Barbarian" to "poetical genius": the public presence of Phillis Wheatley. MELUS. Fall 1993. Vol.18,Iss.3;p. 21(12).
- Patricia Bradley. The 'Boston Gazette' and slavery as revolutionary propaganda. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 22 Sep 1995. Vol.72,Iss.3;p. 581(16).
- Sandra Moore. The "Boston Gazette and Country Journal": Voice of resistance and mouthpiece of the Revolution (dissertation). University of Houston, 2005.
- http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/amendIIIs2.html (Issue for: October 17, 1768): Samuel Adams' essay on John Locke's statement "Where Law ends, Tyranny begins".
- http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/v1ch3s4.html (Issue for: February 27, 1769) contained Samuel Adams' essay on the right of revolution.
- http://www.bostonmassacre.net/gazette/ (Issue for: March 12, 1770): report on the Boston Massacre.
- http://earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre/ (Issue for: March 12, 1770)
- http://www.walkingboston.com/history/article.shtml (Issue for: April 10, 1775)
- http://www.masshist.org/revolution/doc-viewer.php?item_id=851&old=1&mode=nav (1776)
- http://dlib.nyu.edu/maassimages/maass/jpg/001162s.jpg (1777)
- http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/vc006437.jpg (1780)