Boston Island is a 960-hectare (2,400-acre) privately owned island in Boston Bay, Spencer Gulf, South Australia. It has been primarily used for grazing sheep and was also once the location of a proposed township called Kerrillyilla at the southern end of the island. In 2009, the island was rezoned to allow for future residential and tourism development. As of 2009, it is owned by the mayor of Port Lincoln, Peter Davis. Davis' development plans include up to 1,000 residential allotments, three tourism developments and an inland marina. Prior to rezoning, there had been little interest expressed in the development plan, despite the mayor's enthusiasm.
Geographic features & nomenclature
The northernmost point of the island is Maria Point, the southernmost is Point Fanny and the westernmost is Hayden Point. Point Fanny was named after Fanny Conway, a favoured guest of Lady Gawler, wife of Governor Gawler. The Governor pledged to name the point after Conway's tent collapsed while she was camped there. She was traveling with a party arranged by Governor Gawler at the time.
The island's longest beaches are Squeaky Beach at the north (east of Maria Point) and Homestead Beach to the north-west. Picnic Beach on the eastern shore and Cemetery Beach on the central west coast are smaller. The bay between Point Fanny and Hayden Point is known as Rotten Bay. In 2010, attempts to formally rename Rotten Bay to either Bluefin Bay or Fishdance Bay were unsuccessful due to public opposition to the idea. It is believed that the origin of the name is a reflection of the quality of its anchorage.
Fauna species of conservation concern recorded on Boston Island or in adjacent waters include: bush stone-curlew, pied oystercatcher, sooty oystercatcher, fairy tern, eastern osprey, white-bellied sea eagle, Australian sea lion, New Zealand fur seal and southern right whale.
Little penguin colony
On September 8 2014 the Department of Defence investigated a suspected explosive mine located off the east coast of Boston Island. A public exclusion zone was established and a team of Navy clearance divers was deployed to identify the object, defuse it if armed and arrange for its safe disposal.
In 1840, Boston Island was the location of choice for a future whaling station, intended to be operated by the Port Lincoln Whaling Company.
Mr and Mrs Jesse Lock were residents of Boston Island for a period during the 1800s.
In the 1850s a mission for the conversion of Indigenous Australians to Christianity operated on Boston Island by Archdeacon Hale. The mission was moved to Poonindie on the mainland because of the island's confined space was 'unsuited to the natives' way of life'. Availability of water was also likely to have been a factor.
In 1883, John Joseph Laffan was granted a Miscellaneous Lease No. 593 for a term of 21 years, over certain sections of land at the northern end of the island. After 12 months, the lease was forfeited for non-payment of rent.
In 1885, a member of the South Australian Yacht Club described Boston Island as 'undulating and grassy, with clumps of trees planted by the hand of nature in such a charming way as would render bankrupt the taste of a landscape gardener to approach in regard to effect; it is a place which once seen will live in the recollection ever afterwards.'
In November 1907, Joseph Kemp Bishop made application to bring all of Sec. 70; the Township of Kerrillyilla on Boston Island, under the Real Property Act by virtue of a sole uninterrupted possession by himself and predecessors for over 40 years (since 1859).
In 1909, Allotment 37 was transferred from John Ridley to Joseph Kemp Bishop. Under Certificate of Title, Volume 794, Folio 84, Joseph Kemp Bishop became the sole owner of the land once intended to be the Boston Island township.
In 1920, Joseph Kemp Bishop purchased the island from his father, Captain J. Bishop.
In 1928, the motor ship MS Minnipa of the Adelaide Steamship Company ran aground at Hayden Point, Boston Island in a thick fog. The 160 passengers aboard who had been traveling to Port Lincoln lighted in rafts and launches. She was refloated again two days later. She was then taken to Melbourne for assessment and repair. A Marine Enquiry was later held in Port Adelaide to investigate the circumstances and cause of the incident. The captain of the vessel was not found to be negligent in his actions.
In August 1939, Boston Island was described by a visitor from Melbourne as a 'green wonder... graceful and yet stately.'
In 1950, Boston Island was purchased by Ralph Hogan of Calca Station, Streaky Bay district. At the time it was free of rabbits and foxes, and was running sheep, one to the acre.
In 1954, Boston Island was purchased by H. P. Davis of Hamilton Downs Station, Alice Springs for the price of £49,200. It was sold at auction in Port Lincoln before an audience of 500 people. At the time the island featured a five-roomed furnished weatherboard cottage, ten sheep-proof paddocks, five wells with windmills, four 5,000-gallon galvanized iron tanks and a large stone tank.
- "Boston Island rezoned as tourist destination" ABC News (2009-11-26). Retrieved 2014-01-20.
- Emmerson, Russell "Little interest in Boston Island plan" The Advertiser, South Australia (2008-12-07). Retrieved 2014-01-20.
- "Nomenclature of South Australia. Names and their origin." The Register, South Australia (1908-05-30). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- Property Location Browser V2 Government of South Australia. Accessed 2014-01-20.
- "Things get truly rotten off SA coast" ABC News, South Australia (2010-10-23). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- Explore your area > Boston Island Atlas of Living Australia. Accessed 2014-01-26.
- Wiebken, A. Conservation Priorities for Little Penguin Populations in Gulf St Vincent SARDI, South Australia (2011–06). Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- "Suspected bomb found off Boston Island". Port Lincoln Times. 2014-09-08. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
- "South Australia. Port Lincoln Whaling Company." The Australian, Sydney, New South Wales (1840-04-25). Retrieved 2014-01-23.
- "Coward Springs Post Office" The Register, South Australia (1902-10-14). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "Boston Island Sold" Chronicle, South Australia (1950-06-22). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "Miscellaneous lease" Port Lincoln Times, South Australia (1954-11-25). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "S.A. Yacht Club" South Australian Advertiser, South Australia (1885-05-01). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "What became of Boston Island township?" Port Lincoln Times, South Australia (1954-11-25). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "Boston Island up for sale" The Advertiser, South Australia (1954-07-17). Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "East End of Boston Island. Astray in the Fog" Kadina & Wallaroo Times, South Australia (1928-05-30). Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- "Motor Ship Minippa in Dock" The Advertiser, South Australia (1928-06-11). Retrieved 2014-01-29.
- "Boston Island sold for 49,200" Chronicle, South Australia (1954-09-09). Retrieved 2014-01-23.