Museum of Science (Boston)
|Museum of Science, Boston|
|Visitors||1.5 million |
|Public transit access||Science Park/West End Station, MBTA|
The Museum of Science (MoS) is a Boston, Massachusetts landmark, located in Science Park, a plot of land spanning the Charles River. Along with over 500 interactive exhibits, the Museum features a number of live presentations throughout the building every day, along with shows at the Charles Hayden Planetarium and the Mugar Omni IMAX theater, the only domed IMAX screen in New England. The Museum is also an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and is home to over 100 animals, many of which have been rescued and rehabilitated from various dangerous situations. The Museum is also one of the city's three bases of operations for Boston's privately operated Duck Tours.
The Museum began as the Boston Society of Natural History in 1830, founded by a collection of men who wished to share scientific interests. It was more commonly called the Boston Museum of Natural History in the 19th century, and this name occurs frequently in the literature. In 1862, after the Society had gone through several temporary facilities, a building was constructed in the Back Bay area of the city and dubbed the "New England Museum of Natural History." The Museum was located next to the original Rogers Building of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and both neoclassical structures were designed by William G. Preston. The original MIT (then nicknamed "Boston Tech") building was demolished in 1939, but the Natural History Museum building survives today, as a home furnishings showcase.
A great deal of scientific work was done by the Society, especially around geology, and the results of this work can be found in the Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History which are now freely available online. A library and children's rooms were added to the Museum around 1900. It was renamed the Museum of Science in 1939, under a dynamic new Director.[who?]
The Boston Museum of Natural History of 1830/1864-1945 is not to be confused with the private Warren Museum of Natural History (1858-1906, in Chestnut Street). The contents of the latter collection, including the first intact mastodon, were relocated to the American Museum of Natural History of New York City in 1906.
After World War II, the old Museum of Science building was sold, and the museum was relocated, again under the name Boston Museum of Science. Under the leadership of Bradford Washburn, the Society negotiated with the Metropolitan District Commission for a 99-year lease of the land now known as Science Park. The Museum pays $1 a year to the state for use of the land. Construction and development began in 1948, and the Museum opened in 1951, arguably the first all-encompassing science museum in the country.
In these first few years, the Museum developed a traveling planetarium, a version of which is still brought to many elementary schools in the Greater Boston area every year. They also obtained during these early years "Spooky," a great horned owl who became a symbol or mascot of the Museum; he lived to age 38, the longest any great horned owl is known to have lived. Today, a number of other taxidermed specimens remain on display, teaching children about the animals of New England and of the world.
Many more expansions continued into the 1970s and 1980s. In 1999, The Computer Museum in Boston closed and became part of the Museum of Science, integrating some of its displays, although the most of the historical artifacts were moved to the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.
A major renovation and expansion took place during 2005 and 2006. In 2010, the Charles Hayden Planetarium was closed for renovation, and has since reopened.
Exhibit Halls 
- Butterfly Garden — a walk-through greenhouse containing large, tame butterflies which often perch on visitors
- Seeing is Deceiving — a large collection of optical illusions, including many motorized illusions
- Making Models — exhibit on the use of many types of physical and abstract models to understand the real world
- Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond — a roomful of classic mathematical exhibits by designers Charles and Ray Eames
- Natural Mysteries — an investigative exhibit on classification of mysterious objects and natural history specimens
- Theater of Electricity — features the world's largest air-insulated Van de Graaf generator, designed by Professor Robert J. Van de Graaff himself and donated by MIT in 1956. Demonstrations of "artificial lightning bolts", Tesla coils, and other electrical apparatus
- Clark Collection of Mechanical Movements — over 100 working models of mechanical motions and linkages
- Innovative Engineers
- Investigate! — a house-sized collection of rooms to explore using scientific thinking
- Energize! — exhibits of renewable energy technologies
- Take a Closer Look
- Machines & Transportation
- Living on the Edge
- To the Moon
- Cahners Computer Place — (see below)
- Green Wing
- New England Habitats
- A Bird's World
- Colby Room — a classic explorer's trophy room filled with stuffed animal heads from big-game hunting, preserved as a historical exhibit and also used for meetings
- Red Wing
- Mugar Omni Theater — largest Omnimax movie theater in New England
- Charles Hayden Planetarium
- Cosmic Light
- Discovery Center — offers parents the opportunity to talk with cognitive scientists, for kids to participate in experiments, and everyone to learn through inquiry and play
- Foucault pendulum — shows the effect of the rotation of the earth
- Museum Store
- Beehive — a working live exhibit of honeybees in a beehive with transparent sides
- Polage — a wall-sized polarized light collage of shapes
- Soundstair — a stairway fitted with photoelectric cells which trigger musical sounds
- Audio-kinetic Sculpture — a large rolling ball sculpture by George Rhoads
- Human-powered aircraft and Human-powered watercraft — historic record-breaking machines built at MIT, hanging above the entry lobby
- Simulator ride
Live Presentations 
The Museum offers many free live presentations to the visitors including:
- Behind the Headline
Explores the an exciting science and technology story that's in the news.
- Behind the Headline — An Uncertain Climate
Look at recent climate study, talk about uncertainties surrounding climate science, and discuss how to make better choices for our planet.
- Hands-On Laboratory
Encourages visitors of all ages to explore a variety of topics in science.
- Design Challenges
Introduce visitors to the engineering design cycle.
Indoor bolts are produced by world's largest Van de Graaff generator including talk on lightning, electric charge, and storm safety.
- Live Animal Presentation
Explore the adaptation, behaviors, ecology, and environments of animals with the museum's animal residents.
- Science Live!
Talk about live scientific discoveries
- Science Magic
Science recreates some favorite magic tricks.
- Science Snapshot
Latest scientific and technological developments in our lives are talked about.
Notable past exhibits 
- In the 1950s, a small Wilson cloud chamber was featured in the main entrance hall. Visitors could come within inches of radioactive material to watch the vapor trails of the particles they emitted.
- The first Fresnel lens used in a lighthouse in the US (Navesink lighthouse), was on display from the early 1950s until 1979.
- From August to October 2004, the Museum was host to the US premiere of The Lord of the Rings the Motion Picture Trilogy the Exhibition, developed by the Te Papa museum in New Zealand, and containing many of the costumes and props from the films.
- "Gunther von Hagens' Body Worlds 2: The Anatomical Exhibition of Real Human Bodies" was at the Museum of Science from July 29, 2006 to January 7, 2007.
- From October 25, 2009 - February 21, 2010, "Harry Potter The Exhibition" was at the museum.
- The Museum of Science built and designed its own film-based exhibit, entitled Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination. It was on display there from October 2005 to April 2006, and traveled to to other venues.
Computing exhibits 
Although the history artifacts of The Computer Museum (TCM) were moved from Boston to Silicon Valley to become the core of the current Computer History Museum, some former TCM educational exhibits and objects were transferred to the Boston Museum of Science where two new computing and technology exhibits were created. The Computing Revolution relates the history of computing through a variety of hands-on interactive exhibits, and Cahners Computer Place houses displays ranging from educational video games to an interactive AIBO ERS-7.
Other attractions 
- The Current Science & Technology Center's live presentations are in a constant state of development, keeping up with the cutting edge of science & technology news, and offering several very informative and interesting "Updates in Science & Technology" presentations every day. CS&T presentations are also often aired on New England Cable News (NECN). A CS&T podcast is also available for updates on-the-go.
- The Museum has developed a to-scale community solar system model that spans as far as the Riverside MBTA station (in Newton, Massachusetts). The models of the Sun, Mercury and Venus are located on the Museum grounds.
- Design Challenges, a hands on engineering program, offers different activities, depending on the day, that deal with solving a variety of problems..
- Construction began on a rooftop Wind Turbine Lab in 2009. The Lab will test nine wind turbines from five different manufacturers on the roof of the Museum. An exhibit in the Blue Wing, Catching the Wind, includes a live data stream on how much electricity each turbine is producing.
- The museum offers a "Camp-In" program to students in grades 1-7 allowing them to spend a night at the museum.
See also 
- Boston Society of Natural History, predecessor to the museum
- "Annual Report 2011".
- Museum of Science history
- "Planetarium History".
- "Museum Map".
- "Field Trip Activities". Museum of Science. Museum of Science, Boston. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Clark Collection of Mechanical Movements". KMODDL. Cornell University. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- "Live presentations".
- "Fuel for Wizards".
- "New US Rooftop Wind Turbine Lab". Renewable Energy World. 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Museum of Science, Boston|
- Official website
- The Museum's Current Science & Technology Center
- Current Exhibits & Reviews
- A science podcast from the Current Science & Technology Center
- Navesink lighthouse information from the National Park Service
- "Human Connections" Video on the making of this large interactive polarized light mural, located in the atrium of the Mugar Imax Wing of the MOS (Artist: Austine Wood Comarow)
- MOS is a member of NISE Net, and participates in NanoDays