Boston Reds (1890–1891) all-time roster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baseball players are posing for a photograph, six men standing, seven men sitting on chairs, and three are sitting on the ground.
Team photograph of the 1890 Boston Reds

The Boston Reds were a Major League Baseball franchise that played in the Players' League (PL) in 1890, and one season in the American Association (AA) in 1891.[1] In both seasons, the Reds were their league's champion, making them the second team to win back-to-back championships in two different leagues.[2][3] The first franchise to accomplish this feat was the Brooklyn Bridegrooms, who won the AA championship in 1889 and the National League (NL) championship in 1890.[2][4] The Reds played their home games at the Congress Street Grounds.[5][6]

The Reds were an instant success on the field and in the public's opinion.[7] The team signed several top-level players, and they played in a larger, more comfortable and modern ballpark than the Boston Beaneaters, the popular and well established cross-town rival.[7] Player signings that first year included future Hall of Famers King Kelly, Dan Brouthers, and Charles Radbourn, along with other veterans such as Hardy Richardson, Matt Kilroy, Harry Stovey, and Tom Brown.[5] The PL ended after one season, leaving most of its teams without a league.[8]

After the dissolution of the PL, the AA voted to allow the Reds into the new combined league.[8] This was based on the condition that all players be returned to their former clubs via the reserve clause.[8] Although the team's on-field captain, Kelly, became the player-manager for a new AA club, the Cincinnati Kelly's Killers, the Reds stayed intact by keeping several of their top players.[9][10] Of the club's key players from the previous year's team, Brouthers, Richardson, and Brown were retained. To fill the void of the departing players, the team brought in future Hall of Famers Hugh Duffy and Clark Griffith, along with solid veterans Paul Radford, Charlie Buffinton, and George Haddock.[6] When the 1891 season ended, the AA folded as well, leaving the NL as the sole major league, and the Reds were bought out by the surviving NL clubs.[11]

Players[edit]

A baseball player is shown holding a baseball bat in the act of hitting a baseball
Dan Brouthers, played first base for both championship seasons.
A baseball player is standing, holding a baseball bat down his right side.
Tom Brown, was the center fielder for both teams. He led the AA in several offensive categories in 1891.
A baseball player is standing in his uniform, with his arm extended in the act of throwing a baseball.
In 1891, Hugh Duffy played RF, and led the league in RBIs.
A baseball player is shown sitting, facing slightly left of the camera.
King Kelly, player-manager for the 1890 Boston Reds Players' League champions
Key to symbols in player table
*
Player was a player-manager
HOF
Inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
§
Indicates the player is a Hall of Famer and was a player-manager
Players who have played for the Boston Reds, primary position played, and season(s) played for franchise
Player Position(s) Season(s) Notes Ref(s)
Brouthers, DanDan BrouthersHall of Fame First baseman 18901891 In 1891, he led the AA in batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage. [12]
Brown, TomTom Brown Center fielder 18901891 In 1891, he led the AA in at bats, runs scored, hits, triples, and stolen bases. [13]
Buffinton, CharlieCharlie Buffinton Pitcher 1891 He won 29 games during his only season with the team. [14]
Cotter, TomTom Cotter Catcher 1891 He played in six games during his only season in the major leagues. [15]
Daley, BillBill Daley Pitcher 18901891 He won 18 games during his one season with the Reds. [16]
Donahue, TimTim Donahue Catcher 1891 He went hitless in seven at bats in 1891. [17]
Dowd, TommyTommy Dowd Right fielder 1891 He was loaned to the Washington Senators after playing in four games with the Reds. [18]
Duffy, HughHugh DuffyHall of Fame Right fielder 1891 In 1891, he tied with teammate Duke Farrell for the AA lead in RBIs. [19][20]
Farrell, DukeDuke Farrell 3B / Catcher 1891 In 1891, he led the AA in home runs, and tied for the lead in runs batted in with teammate Hugh Duffy. [20][21]
Fitzgerald, JohnJohn Fitzgerald Pitcher 1891 He played six games during his only season in the major leagues. [22]
Flynn, MikeMike Flynn Catcher 1891 He played in one game during his only season in the major leagues. [23]
Griffith, ClarkClark GriffithHall of Fame Pitcher 1891 Griffith began his playing career in 1891, and finished the season having played in ten games for the Reds. [24][25]
Gumbert, AdAd Gumbert Pitcher 1890 He won 23 games for the 1890 Reds. [26]
Haddock, GeorgeGeorge Haddock Pitcher 1891 In 1891, he led the league in shutouts and won 34 games. [27]
Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin* Shortstop 18901891 He was a player-manager for the Reds in 1891, and was the brother of John Irwin, who was also his teammate in 1891. [6][28]
Irwin, JohnJohn Irwin Utility player 1891 Irwin played sparingly for both the Reds and the Louisville Colonels in 1891, his last season in the major leagues. [29]
Johnston, DickDick Johnston Center fielder 1890 He played in two games before being sold to the New York Giants, also of the PL. [30]
Joyce, BillBill Joyce Third baseman 18901891 In 1890, he was the starting third baseman, and led the PL in bases on balls. [31]
Kelly, KingKing Kelly§ Catcher / Outfielder 18901891 Kelly was at the tail end of his Hall of Fame playing career when he became a player-manager of the 1890 Reds, and then later of the Cincinnati Kelly's Killers. [32]
Kilroy, MattMatt Kilroy Pitcher 1890 He had a pitching record of 9–15 for the Reds in 1890, his last full season in the major leagues. [33]
Madden, KidKid Madden Pitcher 18901891 He played in thirteen games for the 1890 Reds, and one in 1891. [34]
McGeachey, JackJack McGeachey Left fielder 1890 He split the 1891 season with the Reds and the Philadelphia Athletics of the AA. [35]
Morrill, JohnJohn Morrill First baseman / Shortstop 1890 He played two games in the 1890 Reds' season, the last season of his 15-year career. [36]
Murphy, MorganMorgan Murphy Catcher 18901891 He was the starting catcher during both of the franchise's seasons, which were the first two seasons of his 11-year career. [37]
Nash, BillyBilly Nash Third baseman 1890 He was the starting third baseman in 1890. [38]
O'Brien, CindersCinders O'Brien Pitcher 1891 O'Brien had a pitching record of 18–13 in his final season. It was his last season in the major leagues due to his death during the off-season. [39]
Quinlan, FrankFrank Quinlan Left fielder / Catcher 1891 He played in two games for the Reds in 1891, which was his only season in the major leagues. [40]
Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn Second baseman 1890 He was the starting second baseman in 1890, and was the first Australian-born person to play in the major leagues. [41][42]
Radbourn, CharlesCharles RadbournHall of Fame Pitcher 1890 He had a 27–12 record for the Reds in 1890, the second-to-last season of his career. [43]
Radford, PaulPaul Radford Shortstop 1891 He was the starting shortstop in 1891. [44]
Richardson, HardyHardy Richardson Left fielder 18901891 He started in left field for both teams. In 1890, he led the PL in runs batted in. [45]
Stovey, HarryHarry Stovey Right fielder 1890 In 1890, he was the starting right fielder and led the PL in stolen bases. [46]
Stricker, CubCub Stricker Second baseman 1891 In 1891, he was the starting second baseman. [47]
Swett, PopPop Swett Catcher 1890 In 1890, which was his only season in the major leagues, he played in 37 games. [48]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Boston Reds (1890–1891)". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "1890 Final Standings". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  3. ^ "1891 Finals Standings". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  4. ^ "1889 Final Standings". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "1890 Boston Reds (PL)". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "1891 Boston Reds (AA)". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Foulds, p. 140
  8. ^ a b c Nemec, p. 214
  9. ^ Nemec, p. 213
  10. ^ "1891 Cincinnati Kelly's Killers". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ Nemec, p. 235
  12. ^ "Dan Brouthers". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Tom Brown". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Charlie Buffinton". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Tom Cotter". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Bill Daley". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Tim Donahue". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Tommy Dowd". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Hugh Duffy". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b "1891 American Association Expanded Leaderboards". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Duke Farrell". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  22. ^ "John Fitzgerald". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Mike Flynn". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Clark Griffith". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Griffith, Clark". baseballhall.org. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Ad Gumbert". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  27. ^ "George Haddock". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Arthur Irwin". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  29. ^ "John Irwin". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Dick Johnston". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Bill Joyce". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  32. ^ "King Kelly". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Matt Kilroy". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Kid Madden". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Jack McGeachey". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  36. ^ "John Morrill". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Morgan Murphy". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Billy Nash". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Cinders O'Brien". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  40. ^ "Frank Quinlan". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Joe Quinn". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Players born in Australia". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  43. ^ "Charles Radbourn". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  44. ^ "Paul Radford". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Hardy Richardson". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Harry Stovey". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Cub Stricker". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  48. ^ "Pop Swett". retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 

External links[edit]