Greater Boston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Boston metropolitan area)
Jump to: navigation, search
Boston Combined Statistical Area
Boston–Worcester–Providence
Metropolitan region
Boston
Location of Boston Combined Statistical Area
Country  United States
State(s)
Principal cities
Population (2012)
 • Total 4,684,299(msa) or 8,041,303(csa)
 • Rank

Ranked 10th in the US for Metropolitan Statistical Areas

Ranked 6th in the US for Combined Statistical Areas
Time zone EST
Area code(s) 617, 781, 857 339, 978, 508, 603, 401,

Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, consisting most of the eastern third of Massachusetts, excluding the South Coast, Cape Cod & The Islands. The area can be characterized as the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or the combined statistical area (CSA), the latter which includes the metro areas of Manchester, New Hampshire; Providence, Rhode Island and Worcester, Massachusetts.

By contrast, Metro Boston is usually reserved to signify the "inner core" surrounding the City of Boston, while "Greater Boston" usually at least overlaps the North and South Shores, as well as MetroWest and the Merrimack Valley.

Greater Boston is tenth in population among U.S. metropolitan statistical areas in the United States, home to 4,684,299 people as of the 2013 U.S. Census and is ranked sixth among CSAs, having 8,041,303 people.[1]

Greater Boston has many sites and people significant to American history and culture, particularly the American Revolution, civil rights, literature, and politics, and is one of the nation's centers of education, finance, industry, and tourism, with the sixth-largest Gross metropolitan product in the country and twelfth-largest in the world.

Definitions[edit]

Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area[specify][citation needed] and Red represents the City of Boston.

Metropolitan Area Planning Council[edit]

The most restrictive definition of the Greater Boston area is the region administered by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC).[2] The MAPC is a regional planning organization created by the Massachusetts legislature to oversee transportation infrastructure and economic development concerns in the Boston area. The MAPC includes 101 cities and towns that are grouped into eight subregions. These include most of the area within the region's outer circumferential highway, I-495. The population of the MAPC district is 3,066,394 (as of 2000), in an area of 1,422 square miles (3,680 km2),[2] of which 39% is forested and an additional 11% is water, wetland, or other open space.[3]

The eight subregions and their principal towns are: Inner Core (Boston), Minuteman (Route 2 corridor), MetroWest (Framingham), North Shore (Lynn), North Suburban (Woburn), South Shore (Route 3 corridor), SouthWest (Franklin), and Three Rivers (Norwood).

Notably excluded from the MAPC and its partner planning body, the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, are the Merrimack Valley cities of Lowell, Lawrence, and Haverhill, much of Plymouth County, and all of Bristol County; these areas have their own regional planning bodies. Northern Bristol County is part of Greater Boston, even though it is part of the Providence MSA.

New England City and Town Area[edit]

The urbanized area surrounding Boston serves as the core of a definition used by the U.S. Census Bureau known as the New England city and town area (NECTA). The set of towns containing the core urbanized area plus surrounding towns with strong social and economic ties to the core area is defined as the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan NECTA.[4] The Boston NECTA is further subdivided into several NECTA divisions, which are listed below. The Boston, Framingham, and Peabody NECTA divisions together correspond roughly to the MAPC area. The total population of the Boston NECTA was 4,540,941 (as of 2000).

  • Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA NECTA Division (92 towns)
  • Framingham, MA NECTA Division (12 towns)
  • Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA NECTA Division (4 towns)
  • Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA NECTA Division (Old Colony region) (8 towns)
  • Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury, MA-NH NECTA Division (Merrimack Valley region) (21 towns)
  • Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, MA-NH NECTA Division (part of Merrimack Valley region) (4 towns)
  • Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH NECTA Division (Northern Middlesex region) (15 towns)
  • Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division (21 towns)
  • Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA NECTA Division (part of Southeastern region) (9 towns)
  • Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA NECTA Division (5 towns)

Metropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 650,357
1860 830,998 27.8%
1870 978,346 17.7%
1880 1,205,439 23.2%
1890 1,515,684 25.7%
1900 1,890,122 24.7%
1910 2,260,762 19.6%
1920 2,563,123 13.4%
1930 2,866,567 11.8%
1940 2,926,650 2.1%
1950 3,186,970 8.9%
1960 3,516,435 10.3%
1970 3,918,092 11.4%
1980 3,938,585 0.5%
1990 4,133,895 5.0%
2000 4,391,344 6.2%
2010 4,552,402 3.7%
Est. 2013 4,684,299 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

An alternative definition defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget, using counties as building blocks instead of towns, is the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions. The metropolitan statistical area has a total population of approximately 4,640,802 and is the tenth-largest in the United States. The components of the metropolitan area with their estimated 2012 populations are listed below.

  • Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area (4,640,802)

Combined Statistical Area[edit]

A wider functional metropolitan area based on commuting patterns is also defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. This area consists of the metropolitan areas of Manchester, Worcester, Providence, as well as Cape Cod, in addition to Greater Boston. The total population (as of 2013) for the extended region is 8,041,303. The following areas, along with the above MSA, are included in the Combined Statistical Area:

Principal cities and towns[edit]

Boston metropolitan area[edit]

The Census Bureau defines the following as principal cities in the Boston NECTA[4] using criteria developed for what the Office of Management and Budget calls a Core Based Statistical Area:[5]

Largest cities and towns[edit]

Cities and towns in the Boston CSA with at least 40,000 residents:

Rank City 2000
population
2010
population
2013
population[6]
% change
(2010 to 2013)
1 Boston 589,141 !B9866664134373 617,594 !B9866214978501 645,966 !D0030804285402 +4.59%
2 Providence 173,618 !B9879102252435 178,042 !B9878832450252 182,911 !D0035991309003 +2.73%
3 Worcester 172,648 !B9878934991018 181,045 !B9878852534811 182,544 !D0047939474000 +0.83%
4 Manchester 107,006 !B9883957267405 109,565 !B9883883338823 110,378 !D0049035421498 +0.74%
5 Lowell 105,167 !B9884239213480 106,519 !B9884021728819 108,861 !D0038173181078 +2.20%
6 Cambridge 101,355 !B9884367427026 105,162 !B9884167185929 107,289 !D0039007894821 +2.02%
7 New Bedford 93,768 !B9885376102217 95,072 !B9885375471136 95,078 !D0096706303090 +0.01%
8 Brockton 94,304 !B9885509732608 93,810 !B9885480035781 94,089 !D0058178149572 +0.30%
9 Quincy 88,025 !B9885675148217 92,271 !B9885543474579 93,494 !D0043234230425 +1.33%
10 Lynn 89,050 !B9885887861604 90,329 !B9885749335438 91,589 !D0042723468396 +1.39%
11 Fall River 91,938 !B9886052163850 88,857 !B9886070186541 88,697 !H9936803902002 −0.18%
12 Newton 83,829 !B9886478772909 85,146 !B9886152375063 87,971 !D0034058590654 +3.32%
13 Nashua 86,605 !B9886321696736 86,494 !B9886247631282 87,137 !D0049016856021 +0.74%
14 Warwick 85,808 !B9886773637494 82,672 !B9886858791948 81,971 !H9952298716365 −0.85%
15 Cranston 79,269 !B9887053922494 80,387 !B9887031679967 80,566 !D0061072219447 +0.22%
16 Somerville 77,478 !B9887647534727 75,754 !B9887252809640 78,804 !D0032123496576 +4.03%
17 Lawrence 72,043 !B9887565631172 76,377 !B9887399430273 77,657 !D0040888215257 +1.68%
18 Pawtucket 72,958 !B9888274825065 71,148 !B9888271452383 71,172 !D0079944636631 +0.03%
19 Framingham 66,910 !B9888680714459 68,318 !B9888427785219 70,068 !D0036645574871 +2.56%
20 Waltham 59,226 !B9889874219145 60,632 !B9889614557318 62,227 !D0036379490702 +2.63%
21 Haverhill 58,969 !B9889833564333 60,879 !B9889636919874 62,088 !D0039190947160 +1.99%
22 Malden 56,340 !B9890071090978 59,450 !B9889894526067 60,509 !D0040278105565 +1.78%
23 Brookline 57,107 !B9890192599979 58,732 !B9890127600217 59,115 !D0050327050129 +0.65%
24 Plymouth 51,701 !B9890585706149 56,468 !B9890411034585 57,463 !D0040386866478 +1.76%
25 Medford 55,765 !B9890638085066 56,173 !B9890462154357 57,170 !D0040314407234 +1.77%
26 Taunton 55,976 !B9890691455653 55,874 !B9890656616458 56,069 !D0056578548761 +0.35%
27 Weymouth 53,988 !B9891080312950 53,743 !B9890773222257 55,419 !D0034678034239 +3.12%
28 Revere 47,283 !B9891457236751 51,755 !B9891077894323 53,756 !D0032528739902 +3.87%
29 Methuen 43,789 !B9892366862525 47,255 !B9891401552063 52,044 !D0022892368470 +10.13%
30 Peabody 48,129 !B9891555095909 51,251 !B9891401552063 52,044 !D0041686671873 +1.55%
31 East Providence 48,722 !B9892413101949 47,037 !B9892389319210 47,149 !D0060401909337 +0.24%
32 Barnstable 47,821 !B9892813025134 45,193 !B9892935920017 44,641 !H9955948505597 −1.22%
33 Attleboro 42,068 !B9893091010885 43,954 !B9893106493584 43,886 !H9935286087936 −0.15%
34 Arlington 42,389 !B9893346791091 42,844 !B9893346791091 42,844 !F 0.00%
35 Everett 38,037 !B9893625352724 41,667 !B9893325573768 42,935 !D0034922685925 +3.04%
36 Salem 40,407 !B9893704141667 41,340 !B9893417058865 42,544 !D0035361812073 +2.91%
37 Concord 40,687 !B9893381629036 42,695 !B9893446483459 42,419 !H9949585637693 −0.65%
38 Woonsocket 43,224 !B9893741463282 41,186 !B9893780387089 41,026 !H9944493201434 −0.39%
39 Beverly 39,862 !B9894158934174 39,502 !B9893869015408 40,664 !D0035262086451 +2.94%

Demographics[edit]

Population density[edit]

The most densely populated census tracts in the Boston CSA (2010):[7]

Rank City or Neighborhood Census Tract Population Population/sq mi
1 Fenway–Kenmore 10404 5,817 110,108
2 Fenway–Kenmore 10403 3,003 87,828
3 Fenway–Kenmore 10408 1,426 85,137
4 Beacon Hill 202 3,649 80,851
5 North End 301 1,954 66,288
6 North End 302 1,665 64,642
7 North End 304 2,451 58,435
8 Cambridge 3539 7,090 56,819
9 Back Bay 10801 2,783 56,534
10 East Boston 502 5,231 55,692

Race and ethnicity[edit]

The 40 most diverse Census tracts in the Boston CSA.[8]

The top 40 census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Hispanic or Latino.[9]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Black American.[10]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Asian American.[11]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Irish American.[12]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Italian American.[13]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Portuguese American.[14]

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with French or French Canadian listed as first ancestry.[15]

Major companies[edit]

References:[16][17][18][19]

Selected statistics[edit]

Greater Boston has a sizable Jewish community, estimated at between 210,000 people,[21][22] and 261,000[23] or 5–6% of the Greater Boston metro population, compared with about 2% for the nation as a whole. Contrary to national trends, the number of Jews in Greater Boston has been growing, fueled by the fact that 60% of children in Jewish mixed-faith families are raised Jewish, compared with roughly one in three nationally.[21]

The City of Boston also has one of the largest LGBT populations per capita. It ranks fifth of all major cities in the country (behind San Francisco, and slightly behind Seattle, Atlanta, and Minneapolis respectively), with 12.3% of the city recognizing themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.[24]

Changes in house prices for the Greater Boston area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.

Sports[edit]

Main article: Sports in Boston
Club Sport League Stadium Established League Titles
Boston Bruins Ice hockey National Hockey League TD Garden (Boston) 1924 6 Stanley Cups
7 Eastern Conference Titles
Boston Cannons Lacrosse Major League Lacrosse Harvard Stadium (Boston) 2001 1 MLL Championship
Boston Celtics Basketball National Basketball Association TD Garden (Boston) 1946 17 NBA Championships
21 Eastern Conference Titles
Boston Red Sox Baseball Major League Baseball (American League) Fenway Park (Boston) 1901 8-time MLB World Series Champions
13 American League Pennants
New England Patriots Football National Football League (American Football Conference) Gillette Stadium (Foxboro) 1960
(as Boston Patriots)
4-time Super Bowl Champions
7-time AFC Champions
New England Revolution Soccer Major League Soccer Gillette Stadium (Foxboro) 1995 1 US Open Cup
1 SuperLiga

Annual sporting events include:

Higher education[edit]

A long time center of higher education, the area includes many community colleges, two-year schools, and internationally prominent undergraduate and graduate institutions. The graduate schools include highly regarded schools of law, medicine, business, technology, international relations, public health, education, and religion.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Bridges and tunnels[edit]

Airports[edit]

Rail and bus[edit]

The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple

The first railway line in the United States was in Quincy. See Neponset River.

The following Regional Transit Authorities have bus service that connects with MBTA commuter rail stations:

Ocean transportation[edit]

The Salem Ferry, 92 ft. Catamaran is photographed approaching its dock off Blaney Street at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem, Massachusetts, USA.

Geography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "About MAPC". Metropolitan Area Planning Council. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Transportation Plan – Overview". Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  4. ^ a b "New England City and Town Areas and Principal Cities". U.S. Census Bureau. November 2008. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Standards for Defining Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". Office of Management and Budget. December 27, 2000. Retrieved September 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "City and Town Population for 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  8. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  9. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  10. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  11. ^ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  12. ^ "Irish as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  13. ^ "Italian as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ "French as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "2009 Globe 100 – Top Massachusetts-based employers – The Boston Globe". The Boston Globe. 2010-01-19. 
  17. ^ [2][dead link]
  18. ^ "Top Companies in Massachusetts on the Inc. 5000 - Inc.com". Inc.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  19. ^ [3][dead link]
  20. ^ "Who We Are & About Us - Vistaprint". News.vistaprint.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  21. ^ a b Michael Paulson (2006-11-10). "Jewish population in region rises". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  22. ^ "Cities with the Largest Jewish Population in the Diaspora". adherents.com. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  23. ^ "Metro Area Membership Report". The Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  24. ^ "12.9% in Seattle are gay or bisexual, second only to S.F., study says". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wilson, Susan (2005). The Literary Trail of Greater Boston: A Tour of Sites in Boston, Cambridge, and Concord, Revised Edition. Commonwealth Editions. ISBN 1-889833-67-3.  An informative guidebook, with facts and data about literary figures, publishers, bookstores, libraries, and other historic sites on the newly designated Literary Trail of Greater Boston.
  • Warner, Sam, Jr. (2001). Greater Boston: Adapting Regional Traditions to the Present. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1769-1. 

Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35817°N 71.06369°W / 42.35817; -71.06369