Botafogo

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For other uses, see Botafogo (disambiguation).
Botafogo
Neighborhood
Botafogo is located in Rio de Janeiro
Botafogo
Botafogo
Location in Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 22°57′0″S 43°11′3″W / 22.95000°S 43.18417°W / -22.95000; -43.18417Coordinates: 22°57′0″S 43°11′3″W / 22.95000°S 43.18417°W / -22.95000; -43.18417
Country  Brazil
State Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
Municipality/City Rio de Janeiro
Zone South Zone
Administrative Region Botafogo
Area
 • Total 479.90 ha (1,185.86 acres)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 82,890
 • Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)

Botafogo (local/standard Portuguese pronunciation: [bɔtaˈfoɡu] alternative Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation: [botɐˈfoɡu]) is a beachfront neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a mostly upper middle class and small commerce community, and is located between the hills of Mundo Novo, Dona Marta (which separates it from Laranjeiras) and São João (which separates it from Copacabana).

Etymology[edit]

"Botafogo Bay" (1869), by Nicolao Antonio Facchinetti. Collection of the São Paulo Museum of Art.

Botafogo was named after João Pereira de Sousa Botafogo, who was responsible for the galleon Botafogo's artillery, so he included the ship’s name in his family name. When he went to live in Brazil, the Portuguese Crown granted him the land known today as Botafogo. The name literally means "set it on fire" (a reference to the Botafogo galleon's artillery power).[2] In the mid-19th century, English language speakers also called it Boto Fogo.[3]

Attractions and amenities[edit]

Botafogo's beach is within Guanabara Bay, sheltered from the Atlantic Ocean by the Urca peninsula and Sugarloaf Mountain. Attractions include the Home of Ruy Barbosa, the Museu do Índio — which explores the culture and history of the major indigenous peoples of Brazil — and the Villa-Lobos Museum.[4] The Public Archive for the State of Rio de Janeiro (APERJ) is also located in Botafogo.

Sports[edit]

Botafogo is the home of Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas, a multi-sport club best known for being one of Brazil's biggest football teams.[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

The neighborhood is served by Botafogo Station on the Rio de Janeiro Metro.[6]

Panoramic view of Praia de Botafogo (Botafogo Beach) with Pão de Açúcar and Morro da Urca in the background.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bairro: Botafogo" (in Portuguese). Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  2. ^ http://martin.romano.org/ps05/ps05_394.htm
  3. ^ Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 28. 
  4. ^ Villa-Lobos Museum Website
  5. ^ "História". Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Botafogo - Sobre a Estação". MetrôRio. Retrieved 12 September 2014.