Botho zu Eulenburg

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Botho zu Eulenburg
Botho Wendt zu Eulenburg.jpg
Botho Graf zu Eulenburg
Interior Minister of Prussia
In office
1878–1881
In office
1892–1894
Prime Minister of Prussia
In office
1892–1894
Monarch Wilhelm II
Personal details
Born (1831-07-31)31 July 1831
Wicken/Bartenstein, East Prussia
Died 5 February 1912(1912-02-05) (aged 80)
Berlin, Imperial Germany
Spouse(s) Elisabeth von Alvensleben
Children Botho zu Eulenburg (1879–1881)
Occupation Jurist
Religion Lutheran

Botho Graf zu Eulenburg (31 July 1831 – 5 February 1912) was a Prussian statesman.

Biography[edit]

Eulenburg was born in Wicken near Bartenstein[1] to Botho Heinrich zu Eulenburg (1804–1879) and Therese née von Dönhoff (1806–1882).[2] He studied law at the universities of Königsberg and Bonn.

Eulenburg worked in high positions of the Prussian and German administration in Wiesbaden (1869–1872), Metz (president of the Département de la Lorraine; 1872–1873) and upper president of the Province of Hanover (1873–1878). In March 1878 Eulenburg succeeded his first cousin once removed Friedrich Albrecht zu Eulenburg as Minister of the Interior, serving under Bismarck. He implemented a series of repressive anti-socialist measures. From 1881 to 1892 he was the president of the province of Hesse-Nassau.[2]

In 1892, he was appointed Prime Minister of Prussia in succession to Leo von Caprivi, who however remained Chancellor of Germany.

Though Caprivi had recommended the experienced administrator Eulenburg for this appointment, the new prime minister soon made life difficult for Caprivi, and often thought of pressing for his removal. Both Caprivi and Eulenburg were eventually dismissed by Wilhelm II following the renewal of anti-Socialist moves (and an anti-subversion bill) in 1894. Eulenburg often thought of himself as the only possible successor to Caprivi, and he was extremely unhappy to be dismissed at what he regarded as the moment of his destiny. He died in Berlin.

Eulenburg was a second cousin of Prince Philip of Eulenburg, a close friend of Wilhelm II, German Emperor, and an instrumental figure behind the scenes of German politics.

On 25 October 1875 he married at Neustadt, West Prussia Elisabeth von Alvensleben (22 September 1834 in Brandenburg/Havel – 5 September 1919 in Neustadt), by whom he had an only son, Botho (15 February 1879 in Berlin – 30 May 1881 in Berlin).

Notes[edit]

Regarding personal names: Graf was a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. Before 1919 preceding the first name, former titles are with people alive after 1919 dependent parts of the surname, thus preceding the main surname and not to be translated. The female form is Gräfin.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Leo von Caprivi
Prime Minister of Prussia
1892 – 1894
Succeeded by
Prince Hohenlohe
Preceded by
Count Friedrich Albrecht zu Eulenburg
Interior Minister of Prussia
1878 – 1881
Succeeded by
Robert von Puttkamer
Preceded by
Count Ludwig Herrfurt
Interior Minister of Prussia
1892 – 1894
Succeeded by
Ernst von Koeller