Bothriochloa bladhii

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Bothriochloa bladhii
Bothriochloa bladhii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Bothriochloa
Species: B. bladhii
Binomial name
Bothriochloa bladhii
(Retz.) S.T.Blake [1]
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Amphilophis intermedia var. acidula (Stapf) Stapf
  • Andropogon bladhii Retz. (basionym)
  • A. caucasicus Trin.
  • A. glaber Roxb.
  • A. intermedius R.Br.
  • A. intermedius var. caucasicus (Trin.) Hack.
  • A. pertusus var. vegetior Hack.
  • Bothriochloa caucasica (Trin.) C.E.Hubb.
  • B. glabra (Roxb.) A.Camus
  • B. insculpta var. vegetior (Hack.) C.E.Hubb.
  • B. intermedia (R.Br.) A.Camus
  • B. intermedia var. punctata (Roxb.) Keng

Bothriochloa bladhii (commonly called, variously, Australian bluestem, Caucasian bluestem, forest-bluegrass, plains bluestem, and purple plume grass)[2] is a neotropic grass in the Poaceae family, found primarily in tropical Africa, and tropical and temperate Asia, and Australia. The type specimen was collected from China by Finnish botanist Peter Johan Bladh.[3][4] The name of Bladh is honored in the specific epithet.

Distribution[edit]

Bothriochloa bladhii is native to northeast, west, west-central, and south tropical, and southern Africa (in Angola; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Senegal; the provinces of Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, and Northern Cape of South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania (including the Zanzibar Archipelago); Uganda; Zambia; and Zimbabwe); much of temperate and tropical, southern and eastern Asia, eastern Eurasia, Malesia, and the Middle East (in Afghanistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bhutan; Burma; Cambodia; the provinces of Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, and Yunnan of China; India; Iran; Japan (including the Ryukyu Islands); southern Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Malaysia; Nepal; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Ciscaucasian Russia; Sri Lanka; Taiwan; Thailand; and Vietnam); and the states of New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia of Australia.[2]

B. bladhii has also become naturalized elsewhere in the neotropics.[2]

Uses[edit]

Bothriochloa bladhii is used as stored food for local livestock, and as a grazing plant by both livestock and wild ruminants.[2] It is sometimes planted as a revegetator, to restore disturbed land.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^  Under it treatment as Bothriochloa bladhii (from its basionym Andropogon bladhii), this plant name was first published in Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 80(6): 62–64. 1969. "Name - Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 9, 2011. Basionym: Andropogon bladhii Retz. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f GRIN (May 28, 2003). "Bothriochloa bladhii information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved November 9, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b  Andropogon bladhii (the basionym of B. bladhii) was originally described and published in Observationes Botanicae 2: 27. 1781. "Name - Andropogon bladhii Retz.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved November 9, 2011. Type-Protologue: Collector: Bladh; Distribution: China 
  4. ^ "Entry for Peter Johan Bladh". Index of Botanists. Harvard University Herbarium. May 21, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]