Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort

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Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort
Roman Bath House. - - 72554.jpg
Roman bath house near the fort
Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort is located in North Lanarkshire
Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort
Red pog.svg Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort shown within North Lanarkshire
Coordinates 55°47′38″N 4°01′37″W / 55.794°N 4.027°W / 55.794; -4.027
County North Lanarkshire
Country Scotland
UK-OSNG reference NS731575

Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort is the remains of a Roman legionary fort in North Lanarkshire near Glasgow. It is commonly, but falsely, said to have been known as Clotagenium ("Clyde-mouth") to the Romans but that name does not in fact exist the Ravenna Cosmography, its alleged source.

It was built as part of the western side of the Antonine Wall built around 142 CE. A comparable eastern site would be Inveresk Roman Fort. The forts defenses consisted of a turf and clay rampart 23 12 feet (7.2 m) thick, supported on thick sandstone foundation slabs, part of which was preserved to a height of around 5 ft (1.5 m). A 33 ft (10 m) wide berm separated the fort wall and the first of two ditches, each measuring about 15 ft (4.6 m) wide and 4 ft (1.2 m) deep, and spaced 7 ft (2.1 m) apart. It was built in a rhomboid pattern and was large enough to house both troops and cavalry.[1] A number of artifacts were taken from the excavations on the site, such as a carved drain cover, to the Hunterian Museum at Glasgow University and are now on show there.[2]

Near the fort are the well preserved remains of a Roman Bath house[3] and a medieval copy of an original Roman Bridge over the South Calder Water.[4] The distance from the thermae (baths) to the fort suggests there are other, as yet undiscovered structures.

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External links[edit]

Media related to Bothwellhaugh Roman Fort at Wikimedia Commons