Botolan

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Botolan
Municipality
Poblacion, Botolan
Poblacion, Botolan
Official seal of Botolan
Seal
Map of Zambales showing the location of Botolan
Map of Zambales showing the location of Botolan
Botolan is located in Philippines
Botolan
Botolan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°17′N 120°01′E / 15.283°N 120.017°E / 15.283; 120.017Coordinates: 15°17′N 120°01′E / 15.283°N 120.017°E / 15.283; 120.017
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Zambales
Legislative district 2nd district of Zambales
Founded 1572[1]
Barangays 31
Government[2]
 • Mayor Doris Maniquiz-Jeresano
Area[3]
 • Total 735.28 km2 (283.89 sq mi)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 54,434
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2202
Dialing code 47
Income class 1st class

Botolan is a municipality in the province of Zambales in the Philippines. The town was founded by Spanish Governor-General Juan de Salcedo in 1572.[1] According to the census of May 1, 2010, it has a population of 54,434 people and 1st class in terms of Income classification (2007).[4][5]

Botolan is the largest municipality in the province in terms of land area. Located just south of the provincial capital of Iba, Botolan is known for its larger Aeta population, wide gray sand beaches, and as the location of Mount Pinatubo.

Barangays[edit]

Botolan is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[5]

  • Bancal
  • Bangan
  • Batonlapoc
  • Belbel
  • Beneg
  • Binuclutan
  • Burgos
  • Cabatuan
  • Capayawan
  • Carael
  • Danacbunga
  • Maquisquis
  • Malomboy
  • Mambog
  • Moraza
  • Nacolcol
  • Owaog-Nibloc
  • Paco (poblacion)
  • Palis
  • Panan
  • Parel
  • Paudpod
  • Poonbato
  • Porac
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • San Miguel
  • Santiago
  • Tampo (poblacion)
  • Taugtog
  • Villar

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Botolan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 35,604 —    
1995 41,084 +2.72%
2000 46,602 +2.74%
2007 51,675 +1.44%
2010 54,434 +1.91%
Source: National Statistics Office[4][6]

Tourism[edit]

The beach at Barangay Beneg, looking south towards the Bucao River
The beach at Barangay Beneg, looking north towards Iba

The barangay of Binoclutan is the "Beach Capital" of Botolan, featuring several first class resorts. The area is a habitat of sea turtles, as is all of the Zambales coastline. Olive Ridley, Green and Hawksbill turtles nest along the beaches of Botolan every year between September and January. A turtle hatchery located is located in Binoklutan. The area also has many other attractions, beach resorts, waterfalls, hiking paths, views of the lahar fields left by the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, and views of Mount Pinatubo itself.

The Fiesta Poon Bato, held January 23–24, is a religious festival that attracts up to 500,000 devotes. Features include cultural dancing from local Aeta tribes in the town plaza on the first night.

The Domorokdok Festival, held May 3–4, includes street parades, street dancing, a beauty pageant and displays of Botolan products and industries.

Fiesta Poon Bato[edit]

The festival Poon Bato stems from the homage to a religious artifact deemed to be able to perform miracles.[7] Legend has it that before the arrival of the Spanish in the 17th Century, Aeta natives had discovered a carved wooden image on a large rock that they called "Apo Apang" (Little Queen)[8] On the arrival of Recoletos missionaries in 1607, the natives made the association with the Roman Catholic image of the Virgin Mary and it was adopted by the Church and named "Ina Poon Bato" (Mother of Poon Bato).[7] In 1991 the shrine was moved to the nearby resettlement area of Loob-Bunga after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo destroyed the original site.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipalities". Zambales Now, Official Website of Zambales. Retrieved on 2012-05-24.
  2. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Province: Zambales". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Botolan". National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved on 2007-12-09.
  6. ^ "Province of Zambales". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Our Lady of Poon Bato". dacopofoundation.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Aetas' 'Apo Apang'". The Mandanao Daily Mirror. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ina Poonbato Shrine". Botolan Official Website. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 

External links[edit]