Botswana pula

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Botswana pula
Botswana 2-pula banknote (1980s).png 2pulab.png
Obverse of 2 pula (1980s) Reverse of 2 pula (1980s)
ISO 4217 code BWP
Central bank Bank of Botswana
 Website www.bankofbotswana.bw
Official user(s)  Botswana
Unofficial user(s)  Zimbabwe[1]
Inflation 8.4%,12.5% (CIA World Factbook, 2008 est.)
 Source Bank of Botswana, 19 February 2008
 Method CPI
Subunit
 1/100 thebe
Symbol P
Coins 5, 10, 25, 50 thebe, 1, 2, 5 pula
Banknotes 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 pula[2]

The pula is the currency of Botswana. It has the ISO 4217 code BWP and is subdivided into 100 thebe. Pula literally means "rain" in Setswana, because rain is very scarce in Botswana — home to much of the Kalahari Desert — and therefore valuable. Pula also means "blessing" as rain is considered a blessing. Thebe means "shield."

History[edit]

The pula was introduced in 1976, replacing the South African rand at par. Despite a 12% devaluation in May 2005, the pula remains one of the strongest currencies in Africa.

Coins[edit]

In 1976, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 thebe and 1 pula. The 1 thebe was struck in aluminum, with the 5 thebe in bronze and the others in cupro-nickel. These coins were round except for the scalloped 1 pula. Bronze, dodecagonal 2 thebe coins were introduced in 1981 and discontinued after 1985. In 1991, bronze-plated steel replaced bronze in the 5 thebe, nickel-plated steel replaced cupro-nickel in the 10, 25 and 50 thebe and the 1 pula changed to a smaller, nickel-brass, equilateral-curve seven-sided coin. A similarly shaped, nickel-brass 2 pula was introduced in 1994. In 2004, the composition was changed to brass-plated steel and the size was slightly reduced.

In 1998, following the withdrawal of the 1 and 2 thebe, smaller 5, 10, 25 and 50 thebe coins were introduced, with the 5 and 25 thebe coins being seven-sided and the 10 and 50 thebe coins remaining round. A bimetallic 5 pula depicting a Mopane caterpillar and a branch of the Mopane tree it feeds on was introduced in 2000 composed of a cupronickel center in a ring made of aluminium-nickel-bronze.

Banknotes[edit]

On August 23, 1976,[3] the Bank of Botswana introduced notes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, and 10 pula; a 20-pula note followed on February 16, 1978. The 1 and 2 pula notes were replaced by coins in 1991 and 1994, whilst the first 50 and 100 pula notes were introduced on May 29, 1990 and August 23, 1993, respectively.[3] The 5 pula note was replaced by a coin in 2000. The original 1, 2 and 5 pula banknotes were demonetized on 1 July 2011.

The latest series of notes was introduced on 23 August 2009[4] and contains for the first time, a 200-pula banknote.

Banknotes of the Botswana pula (2009 issue)
Image Value Main color Obverse Reverse Watermark
[1] 10 pula Green President Seretse Khama Ian Khama Parliament building, Gaborone Rampant zebra and electrotype 10
[2] 20 pula Red Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete Mining equipment Rampart zebra and electrotype 20
[3] 50 pula Brown President Sir Seretse Khama Okavango Delta swamps; Boat; Fish eagle Rampart zebra and electrotype 50
[4] 100 pula Blue Three Chiefs (Sebele I, Bathoen I, Khama III) Diamond sorting; open pit diamond mine Rampart zebra and electrotype 100
[5] 200 pula Purple Female teacher and children Zebras Rampart zebra and electrotype 200

Zimbabwe[edit]

Due to hyperinflation in Zimbabwe in 2006 to 2008, the government has allowed circulation of foreign currency since September 2008. Local currency became obsolete 12 April 2009. South African rand and Botswana pula circulate in Zimbabwe.

Current BWP exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD ZAR

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alongside Zimbabwean dollar (suspended indefinitely from 12 April 2009), Euro, US dollar, Pound sterling and South African rand. The US Dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions.
  2. ^ "Accessed 2009-09-02". Banknotenews.com. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  3. ^ a b Linzmayer, Owen (2011). "Botswana". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  4. ^ Botswana issues new note series, BanknoteNews.com, Retrieved 2011-09-05.

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
South African rand
Reason: creation of independent currency
Ratio: at par
Currency of Botswana
1976 –
Succeeded by:
Current