Bottomless Lakes State Park
|Bottomless Lakes State Park|
|New Mexico State Park|
View of Lea Lake from the overlook above the lake
|- elevation||3,500 ft (1,067 m)|
|Area||1,400 acres (570 ha)|
|Management||New Mexico State Parks Division|
|Owner||New Mexico State Park Division, State Land Office, Circle SP Ranch |
Bottomless Lakes State Park is a state park of New Mexico, United States, located along the Pecos River, about 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Roswell. Established in 1933, it was the first state park in New Mexico. It takes its name from nine small, deep lakes located along the eastern escarpment of the Pecos River valley. The escarpment is an ancient limestone reef, similar to the limestone mountains around Carlsbad Caverns, 80 miles (130 km) to the south. Caves formed within the limestone, and as the Pecos River eroded the escarpment, the caves eventually collapsed, leaving behind several deep, almost circular lakes known as cenotes.
Most of the nine lakes are almost completely surrounded by cliffs, with the notable exceptions being Lea Lake and Lazy Lagoon. Lea Lake has a large, sandy shoreline on the western side and tall cliffs on the eastern side. The cliffs around Lazy Lagoon have been completely eroded away by the Pecos River, and the lake sits in a former channel of the river.
Lazy Lagoon is the largest of the lakes, with a surface area of approximately 26.1 acres (105,600 m2). Although it is a single lake, it is made up of three separate sink holes. The surface of the Lazy Lagoon is nearly level with the surrounding salt flats, which makes it look very shallow. Despite the name, the deepest of its three sink holes is 90 feet (27 m) deep.
Lea Lake is the only lake in which swimming is allowed, and it has a beach and concession area which is popular in the summer.
Devil's Inkwell is the smallest of the lakes, with a surface area of 0.36 acres (1,460 m2). It gets its name from the dark color of the water which is caused by the steep sides of the cenote and algae growth within the lake.
In pure geologic terms, Figure Eight Lake is two lakes separated by a thin strip of land. When the water is very high the strip of land is covered, and the two nearly circular lakes join and take the shape of a figure eight. Irrigation in the Pecos Valley has lowered the water table, so the two lakes of Figure Eight lake rarely join to form a single lake anymore.
Pasture Lake is the shallowest of the lakes, at 18 feet (5.5 m) deep with a surface area of 0.76 acres (3,080 m2).
|Lake||Maximum depth||Surface area||Notes|
|Lazy Lagoon||90 feet (27 m)||26.1 acres (105,600 m2)||Largest by area|
|Cottonwood Lake||27.5 feet (8.4 m)||0.52 acres (2,100 m2)|
|Mirror Lake (north)||32.8 feet (10.0 m)||3 acres (12,000 m2)|
|Mirror Lake (south)||43.3 feet (13.2 m)||0.44 acres (1,780 m2)|
|Devil's Inkwell||28.2 feet (8.6 m)||0.36 acres (1,460 m2)||Smallest; dark algae color|
|Figure Eight Lake (north)||37 feet (11 m)||1.46 acres (5,910 m2)|
|Figure Eight Lake (south)||22 feet (6.7 m)||0.76 acres (3,080 m2)|
|Pasture Lake||18 feet (5.5 m)||0.76 acres (3,080 m2)||Shallowest|
|Lost Lake||—||0.1 acres (400 m2)||"less than 1 acre"|
|Lea Lake||90 feet (27 m)||15 acres (61,000 m2)||Only lake allowing swimming. Daily spring
flow of about 2,500,000 US gallons (9,500 m3).
|Dimmitt Lake||—||10 acres (40,000 m2)||Private lake made up of two basins covering about 10 acres.|
The lakes are not fed by streams, and the evaporation rate of the lakes in the hot desert climate exceeds the rate at which rainwater refills them. The lakes are fed by underground water percolating through the rocks and into the lakes. The high evaporation rate produces brackish water in the lakes.
Seven of the lakes are protected, although in recent years the lakes have been contaminated by trash that has been thrown into the lakes by careless visitors. The ninth and southernmost lake, Dimmitt Lake, is not a part of the state park and is owned by the Fin and Feather Club, a local hunting and fishing club.
Four endangered species can be found in the park. The Pecos pupfish and the Rainwater Killifish are both endangered species of fish, and the Cricket Frog and the Eastern Barking Frog also live in the park.
In the winter, Devil's Inkwell and Cottonwood Lake are both stocked with Rainbow Trout.
- "Bottomless Lakes State Park Management and Development Plan". New Mexico State Parks Division. 2001. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- New Mexico State Parks Division. "Bottomless Lakes State Park". New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department.
- "NMBGMR Geologic Tour: Bottomless Lakes State Park". New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Davis, Danny R.; Joseph, Seva J. (1998), Water Quality Assessments for Selected New Mexico Lakes, New Mexico Environment Department, retrieved June 27, 2013