|Flavour in particle physics|
|Flavour quantum numbers:
Related quantum numbers:
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (June 2009)|
In physics, bottomness (symbol B′) also called beauty, is a flavour quantum number reflecting the difference between the number of bottom antiquarks (nb) and the number of bottom quarks (nb) that are present in a particle:
Bottom quarks have (by convention) a bottomness of −1 while bottom antiquarks have a bottomness of +1. The convention is that the flavour quantum number sign for the quark is the same as the sign of the electric charge (symbol Q) of that quark (in this case, Q = −1⁄3).
This term is rarely used. Most physicists simply refer to "the number of bottom quarks" and "the number of bottom antiquarks".
- Lessons in Particle Physics Luis Anchordoqui and Francis Halzen, University of Wisconsin, 18th Dec. 2009
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