Bottrop

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Bottrop
Flag of Bottrop
Flag
Coat of arms of Bottrop
Coat of arms
Bottrop   is located in Germany
Bottrop
Bottrop
Coordinates: 51°31′29″N 06°55′22″E / 51.52472°N 6.92278°E / 51.52472; 6.92278Coordinates: 51°31′29″N 06°55′22″E / 51.52472°N 6.92278°E / 51.52472; 6.92278
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
 • Mayor Bernd Tischler (SPD)
Area
 • Total 100.7 km2 (38.9 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 116,498
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 46236–46244
Dialling codes 02041, 02045
Vehicle registration BOT
Website bottrop.de
Altmarkt in the city
St. Cyriacus' Church (Catholic)
St. Martin's Church (Protestant)

Bottrop (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔtʁɔp] ( )) is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck and Dorsten. The city had been a coal-mining and rail center and contains factories producing coal-tar derivatives, chemicals, textiles, and machinery. Bottrop grew as a mining center beginning in the 1860s, was chartered as a city in 1921, and bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. In 1975 it unified with the neighbour communities of Gladbeck and Kirchhellen, but Gladbeck left it in 1976, leading to Kirchhellen becoming a district of Bottrop as Bottrop-Kirchhellen. 40% of the city's population is of Polish descent, mostly descendants of late 19th century immigrants.

Boroughs[edit]

The total area of the municipal territory is about 101 square kilometers. The longest north-south distance is 17 kilometers, and from west to east 9 kilometers. The highest peak within the city's territory is 78 m, the lowest one 26 m above NN.

Bottrop is divided into 3 boroughs, they are: Bottrop-Mitte (Bottrop-Center), Bottrop-Süd (Bottrop South) and Bottrop-Kirchhellen, each one having a borough representation and a borough ruler.

These boroughs are further subdivided into city parts, partly named after their traditional name, while the newly built parts are only recently named :

  • Bottrop-Mitte: Eigen, Fuhlenbrock, Stadtmitte (City center)
  • Bottrop-Süd: Batenbrock, Boy, Ebel, Lehmkuhle, Vonderort, Gartenstadt Welheim (Garden city Welheim) and Welheimer Mark
  • Bottrop-Kirchhellen: Ekel, Feldhausen, Grafenwald, Hardinghausen, Holthausen, Im Loh, Kirchhellen, Kuhberg, Overhagen

For statistical reasons, Bottrop is also divided into statistical boroughs. They are (with their official numbering)



  • 11 Altstadt
  • 12 Nord-Ost (Northeast)
  • 13 Süd-West (Southwest)
  • 21 Fuhlenbrock-Heide (Fuhlenbrock-Heath)
  • 22 Fuhlenbrock-Wald (Fuhlenbrock-Forest)
  • 31 Stadtwald (City forest)
  • 32 Eigen
  • 41 Batenbrock-Nord (Batenbrock-North)
  • 42 Batenbrock-Süd (Batenbrock-South)
  • 51 Boy
  • 52 Welheim
  • 61 Ebel/Welheimer Mark (Ebel-Welheim Market)
  • 62 Süd (South)
  • 71 Kirchhellen-Mitte (Kirchhellen-Center)
  • 72 Kirchhellen-Süd/Grafenwald (Kirchhellen-South/Grafenwald)
  • 73 Kirchhellen-Süd-West (Kirchhellen-Southwest)
  • 74 Kirchhellen-Nord-Ost (Kirchhellen-Northeast)

Kirchhellen[edit]

From 1919 until 1976 Kirchhellen was its own town. From 1976 until 1978 it was a part of "GlaBotKi"(Gladbeck, Bottrop, Kirchhellen). In 1978 Kirchhellen became part of Bottrop. The Kirchhellner were very angry and today they are still not happy about it.[citation needed]

Most of Kirchhellner are Catholic (approx. 65%) - there are three churches there. There is one Lutheran church (approx. 20% of the population is Lutheran and approx. 5% are Muslims). The rest are mostly without a religion.[citation needed]

Culture and attractions[edit]

Theaters, museums and buildings[edit]

  • Fire Lookout Post in Grafenwald
  • Main Post Office, constructed 1921-1923.
  • The Quadrat is a Museum housing permanent exhibitis on local history and displaying works by Josef Albers as well as many temporary exhibitions.
  • City Hall (Neo-Renaissance 1910–1916) is regarded as the emblem of the city.
  • Schloss Beck theme park and castle (late baroque period 1766–1777)
  • Villa Dickmann, constructed 1901–1903 (Art Nouveau)
  • Alte Apotheke (Old Pharmacy, Wilhelminian style 1895)
  • Catholic churches
    • Heilige Familie
    • Heilig Kreuz, built 1955–57, Windows by Georg Meistermann
    • Herz Jesu, built 1929
    • Liebfrauen
    • St. Antonius
    • St. Barbara
    • St. Bonifatius
    • St. Cyriakus, Propstei, built 1861/62 by Emil von Manger
    • St. Elisabeth, built 1954
    • St. Franziskus
    • St. Johannes Baptist (BOT-Boy)
    • St. Johannes der Täufer (BOT-Kirchhellen)
    • St. Joseph
    • St. Ludger
    • St. Mariä Himmelfahrt
    • St. Matthias
    • St. Michael
    • St. Paul
    • St. Peter
    • St. Pius
    • St. Suitbert, built 1955
  • Protestant churches[2]
    • Auferstehungskirche
    • Friedenskirche
    • Gnadenkirche
    • Martin-Niemöller-Kirche
    • Martinskirche, erbaut 1884
    • Paul-Gerhardt-Kirche
    • Pauluskirche
  • Malakow-Turm (1872) of the coal mine Prosper II.
  • Coal Mining Tip Haniel with an open air theater (Amphitheater) and the Kreuzweg designed by Tisa von der Schulenburg and Adolf Radecki and opened in 1995.
  • Saalbau, convention center

Attractions[edit]

Periodic events[edit]

  • January: Festival Orgel PLUS (Music festival started in 1989)
  • February: Rose Monday Parade and Carnival
  • May: Horse Market
  • May: Aspargus-Farmer Market in Kirchhellen
  • Brezelfest (Pretzel Festival) in Kirchhellen
  • May/June/July: Schützenfeste (marksmen festivals) of Bottrops marksmen companies (BSV Bottrop Batenbrock, BSV Bottrop Eigen, BSV Bottrop Fuhlenbrock, BSV Bottrop Vonderort, BSV Andreas Hofer, Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft, BSV Bottrop Boy) [3][4]
  • September: Michaelismarket
  • October: this month sees the weekend of horrors event, tourists must be warned to stay away from this event as it is a well known scam where the organization have been known to rob thousands of euros from unsuspecting visitors.

Religion[edit]

  • Catholic: ~50% (19 churches)
  • Protestant (Lutheran): ~20% (8 churches)
  • Atheist/Agnostic: ~20%
  • Muslim: ~5%

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Bottrop is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Bottrop at Wikimedia Commons