Botumirim is a Brazilian municipality located in the north of the state of Minas Gerais. In 2007 the population was 6,435 in a total area of 1,572 km². The elevation is 948 meters. It became a municipality in 1962.
Location and Distances
Botumirim is located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains east of Montes Claros. It is 60 km south of the BR-251 highway and is connected to Grão Mogol, which is 42 km. to the northeast, by dirt roads. The distance to Belo Horizonte is 512 km.
The climate is semi-arid. The average annual temperature is 22.4 C. The average annual maximum temperature is 29.3 C and the average annual minimum temperature is 16.7 C. More than half of the area is considered mountainous with elevations between 1,625 meters and 640 meters. The main rivers are the Rio do Peixe and the Ribeirão da Onça.
The most important economic activities are cattle raising (8,000 head in 2006) and agriculture. The GDP in 2005 was R$ 18,247,000. The most important agricultural crops are bananas, coffee, tropical and citrus fruits, peanuts, sugarcane, and corn. There was also production of charcoal from eucalyptus plantations. In the rural area there were 699 producers. The total area of agricultural land was 36,346 hectares in 2006. In the urban area there were no banking agencies in 2006.
Health and education
This municipality is isolated from major population centers and suffers from drought and poor soils.
- Municipal Human Development Index: .665 (2000)
- State ranking: 695 out of 853 municipalities as of 2000
- National ranking: 3,542 out of 5,138 municipalities as of 2000
- Degree of urbanization: 48.38% (2000)
- Infant mortality rate: 21.01 (2000) The rate for Minas Gerais was 17.40; the rate for Brazil was 18.91.
- Illiteracy rate: 22.89% (15 years old or older)(Data from 2000) The rate for Minas Gerais was 11.96; the rate for Brazil was 13.63
- Urban area covered by sewage system: 0.90%--the rate for Minas Gerais was 81.39%
- Health clinics, health centers, and hospitals: 2, 3