Bou Craa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bou Craa
Bu Craa
Bou Craa is located in Western Sahara
Bou Craa
Bou Craa
Location in Western Sahara
Coordinates: 26°19′22″N 12°50′59″W / 26.32278°N 12.84972°W / 26.32278; -12.84972
Country Western Sahara  Spain
Claimed by  Morocco,
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Controlled by Morocco

Bou Craa (Bo Craa, Bu Craa, Boukra) (Arabic: بوكراع) is a town in the Saguia el-Hamra region of northern Western Sahara, south and slightly east of the city of El Aaiún. It is inhabited almost entirely by employees of the Moroccan-controlled Bou Craa phosphate industry. During the Spanish colonization of the area (see Spanish Sahara) time, many early recruits of the nationalist movements Harakat Tahrir and Front Polisario were Sahrawi workers in the phosphate mines.

The phosphates are transported to the coast by an automated conveyor belt, the longest such belt in the world. This transportation system was vandalized and disabled several times by the Front Polisario, during the war between the Moroccan Royal Army and the Polisario Front from 1976. These attacks gradually ceased after the town was enclosed in the early 1980s by the Moroccan Wall, and the town is under Moroccan control.

Twin towns[edit]

Satellite images[edit]

(Google maps)

Coordinates: 26°19′22″N 12°50′59″W / 26.32278°N 12.84972°W / 26.32278; -12.84972