Bouaké

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Bouaké
Bwake
University hospital complex of Bouaké
University hospital complex of Bouaké
Bouaké is located in Ivory Coast
Bouaké
Bouaké
Location within Côte d'Ivoire, French West Africa
Coordinates: 7°41′N 5°01′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017
Country  Ivory Coast
Region Vallée du Bandama
department Bouaké Department
Founded 1899
Area
 • Total 71.788 km2 (27.718 sq mi)
Elevation 312 m (1,024 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 659,233
 • Density 9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Website http://mairiebke.e-monsite.com//

Bouaké (or Bwake) is the second largest city in Côte d'Ivoire, with a population of 775,300 (2002 census). It is the main urban settlement of the Bouaké Department with a population exceeding 1.2 million, in the Vallée du Bandama Region. The city is located in the central part of Côte d'Ivoire about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Lake Kossou, the country's largest lake, some 350 kilometres (220 mi) north of Abidjan on the Abidjan-Niger Railway and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Yamoussoukro, the capital of Côte d'Ivoire.

Bouaké is a centre for the Baoulé people and is known for its crafts. The economy is based on the cotton industry. The city largely grew from the 1970s after the construction of the power station at Kossou Lake flooded land to the west of the city. Bouaké is known for its large carnival and market and for the St Michael's Cathedral. The city has a large airport located north-west of the city with a 3,300 metres (10,800 ft) runway. Liverpool F.C defender Kolo Touré and his brothers Yaya Touré and Ibrahim Touré were born in Bouaké.

Demographics[edit]

Year Population
1921 3,600
1945 22 000
1960 60,000
1970 120,000
1975 175,000
1988 333,000
1998 3,200,156

History[edit]

Bouaké was established as a French military post in 1899 and has been an administrative center since 1914.

French and United Nations peacekeepers currently reside in the city as part of an enforced ceasefire between the rebel-held north and the government-held south. After the attempt to overthrow the president Laurent Gbagbo had failed, the rebel forces FN (forces nouvelles) led by Guillaume Soro made Bouaké their center of control. Subsequently, Bouaké University, opened in 1996, was closed down in September 2002. Financed by Unesco, the university reopened in April, 2005.

On November 4, 2004, governmental forces used Sukhoi-25's to raid the city as an opening movement towards "territorial liberation," according to Captain Jean-Noël Abbey of the Côte d'Ivoire army. Korhogo, 225 kilometres (140 miles) north of Bouaké, was also targeted.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).[1]

Climate data for Bouaké
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33
(91)
33.5
(92.3)
33.8
(92.8)
32.7
(90.9)
31
(88)
29.9
(85.8)
27.8
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
28.5
(83.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
30.92
(87.66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
27.8
(82)
27.8
(82)
27
(81)
26.1
(79)
25
(77)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25
(77)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.74
(78.33)
Average low °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22
(72)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.28
(70.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.5
(0.492)
40
(1.57)
83.8
(3.299)
126.4
(4.976)
123.7
(4.87)
147.2
(5.795)
117.5
(4.626)
128
(5.04)
168.1
(6.618)
107.9
(4.248)
30.2
(1.189)
14.6
(0.575)
1,099.9
(43.298)
Source #1: Climate Charts (latitude: 07°44'N; longitude: 005°04'W; elevation: 376m)[2]
Source #2: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 365m)[1]

Economy[edit]

Tobacco products, building materials, and textiles are produced, and cotton sisal and rice are processed. Gold, mercury, and manganese are found nearby.

Education[edit]

Higher education
Publique

  • University of Bouaké

Primary Schools
Public

  • École primaire Publique Zone1

Secondary Schools
Public

  • Lycée classique
  • Lycée technique
  • lycée Djibo Sounkalo (ex lycée Municipal)
  • Lycée moderne Belleville

Semi-Public

  • Lycée St Michel d'Anyama

Private

Public Colleges

  • College de jeunes filles
  • Collège Moderne TSF
  • College moderne de Nimbo (ex COB)
  • College G. Koko (ex CEG KOKO)

Private Colleges

  • Collège Marie Thérèse Yamousso
  • Collège Martin Luther King
  • Collège Moderne Saint Jacques
  • Collège Victor Hugo
  • Collège Ruth Fidèle
  • Collège Ouezzin Coulibaly
  • Collège Renaissance
  • Collège Moderne N'Takpe
  • Collège Saint-Viateur
  • Collège international chrétien
  • Collège Adventiste

Administration[edit]

List of mayors of Bouaké since 1960
Date elected Name Party
1960 Djibo Sounkalo PDCI-RDA
1980 Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1985 Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1990 Konan Antoine PDCI-RDA
1995 Konan Konan Denis PDCI-RDA
2000 Fanny Ibrahima RDR

Communes[edit]

Religion[edit]

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bouaké. The cathedral of the archdiocese is the Cathédrale Sainte Thérèse in Bouaké. Since 1960, Bouaké has also been home to a Benedictine monastery, Monastère Bénédictin Sainte-Marie. However, the city is predominantly Muslim.

Sport[edit]

Kolo Touré of Liverpool FC was born in Bouaké. Yaya Toure midfielder of Manchester City, Kolo's brother was also born in Bouaké.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bouaké is twinned with[3]:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Climate: Bouaké - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  2. ^ "Bouake - Aero, Ivory Coast: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  3. ^ "Villes amies de Bouaké" [Twin towns with Bouaké] (in French). mairiebke.e-monsite.com. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  4. ^ "Lista municipiilor înfrățite din România" [List of municipality twinnings in Romania] (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2009-12-22. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 07°41′N 05°01′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017