Boucherville

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Boucherville
City
Skyline of Boucherville
Official seal of Boucherville
Seal
Coat of arms of Boucherville
Coat of arms
Motto: Nature, patrimoine et art de vivre
(French for "Nature, heritage and the art of life")
Location within Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.
Location within Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.
Boucherville is located in Southern Quebec
Boucherville
Boucherville
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°36′N 73°27′W / 45.600°N 73.450°W / 45.600; -73.450Coordinates: 45°36′N 73°27′W / 45.600°N 73.450°W / 45.600; -73.450[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM None
Agglomeration Longueuil
Settled 1667
Constituted January 1, 2006
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Jean Martel
 • Federal riding Longueuil—Pierre-Boucher and Verchères—Les Patriotes
 • Prov. riding Montarville
Area[2][4]
 • Total 81.10 km2 (31.31 sq mi)
 • Land 70.81 km2 (27.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 40,753
 • Density 575.5/km2 (1,491/sq mi)
 • Dwellings 16,521
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J4B
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-20 (TCH)
A-30

Route 132
Website www.boucherville.ca

Boucherville is a city in the Montérégie region in Quebec, Canada. It is a suburb of Montreal on the South shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Boucherville is part of both the urban agglomeration of Longueuil and Montreal Metropolitan Community regional government.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Boucherville was originally founded as a seigneurial parish in 1667 by Pierre Boucher, for whom the city was later named. Pierre Boucher came from Mortagne-au-Perche, France. After having lived in Quebec City and Trois-Rivières, Boucher moved to the Percées Islands by the shores of Saint Lawrence River, where he founded Boucherville.

The first church of the village of Boucherville was built in 1670. This church, made of wood, was eventually replaced in 1712 by a building made of brick, which was in turn replaced by the current Sainte-Famille Church in 1801.

Several families left Boucherville in the 18th century to found the communities of Sainte-Julie and Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville.

1843 Fire and its aftermath[edit]

In July 1843 fire destroyed much of the village. Sparks blowing from a steamer ignited a wooden building owned by Mr. Weilbrenner (lot 112). The fire spread and soon most of the village was on fire. In the end, the church, the chapel, two schools, 51 homes and pastures, and 92 other buildings were destroyed.[5]

The village was progressively rebuilt. A new church was built on the site of the old one over the course of the following two years. Parts of the walls and front were reused. A stone school was built in 1851 at the intersection of Notre-Dame and Louis-Hyppolite-Lafontaine streets.[5]

Evolution in the late XIXth and early XXth centuries[edit]

The municipality of the parish Sainte-Famille de Boucherville was established in 1845. This large territory included the village of Boucherville. In 1856, Sainte-Famille de Boucherville was divided into two separate municipalities: the parish Sainte-Famille de Boucherville and the village of Boucherville.

In 1854, seigneurial tenure was abolished. Pierre-Amable Boucher de Boucherville, last seigneur of Boucherville, died three years later.

The village Boucherville was to become an important vacation resort by the end of the 19th century and early 20th century. People from Montreal could access the village by train or ferry. Boucherville experienced significant growth after World War II. This expansion was confirmed by the construction of the Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Bridge-Tunnel.

The parish Sainte-Famille de Boucherville ceded portions of its territory to Saint-Hubert in 1877, to Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville in 1950 and to the village of Boucherville in 1956.

Post-War to today[edit]

The village of Boucherville gained the status of city in 1957.

In 1963, the city of Boucherville merged with the Sainte-Famille de Boucherville parish. This brought Boucherville to its current city limits.

Boucherville opened a new 'civic centre', including an indoor and outdoor pool, municipal offices and indoor arena in 1966. The centre was later renamed in memory of the murdered cabinet minister Pierre Laporte.

As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, Boucherville ceased to exist as an independent city on January 1, 2002 and became a borough of Longueuil. However, after a 2004 referendum, it de-merged and was reconstituted as an independent city on January 1, 2006. However, it remains part of the urban agglomeration of Longueuil.

Today, Boucherville is home to more than 40,000 inhabitants and a large industrial park.

Founder Pierre Boucher is commemorated by a museum in his name at the Séminaire Saint-Joseph and a statue erected at the National Assembly of Quebec, in addition to a monument on the Boucherville's waterfront.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Sainte-Famille Church
Statue of Pierre Boucher at the National Assembly

The Harmonie neighbourhood is located between the boulevards de Mortagne, de Montarville, de Montbrun and de Normandie. Its development is fairly recent and is essentially residential with many upscale houses. Many park and green spaces decorate the neighbourhood. The multifunctional centre of Boucherville is also there.

The Quartier des villes et provinces de France neighbourhood is located between the streets de Normandie, Gay-Lussac, Ampère and boulevard Montarville. All the streets and parks in this neighbourhood are named after provinces of France. The neighbourhood is essentially composed of separate or semi-detached houses.

Old Boucherville is the original section of the city that contains the former village and Sainte-Famille Church. The neighbourhood is located between Saint-Lawrence River, the boulevards du Fort Saint-Louis, de Montarville et de Montbrun. Many of the buildings there are officially classified as historic monuments.

The industrial section of Boucherville covers the western part of the city; from Autoroute 20 all the way to Longueuil. This section is divided into 3 industrial parks. Although these parks were inaugurated in the 1960s, it was during the last two decades that their expansion has been the greatest. In the early 1980s, they were little more 100 companies and 6 000 jobs scattered in the industrial section. Today, they are 600 companies and 15 000 jobs in various sectors. Additionally, the industrial section is home to 2 research centres. The Boisé du Tremblay Wildlife Reserve is located within this section.

The Seigneurie is a residential neighbourhood. It is located south of Fort Saint-Louis boulevard, north of de Mortagne boulevard, to the west of de Brouage street and east of the Industriel boulevard. The neighbourhood was built in the early 1960s. The Carrefour de la Seigneurie shopping mall acted as a commercial anchor to the area, hosting a Dominion supermarket, a branch of the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, a convenience store, a pharmacy and a medical clinic. A Texaco gas station stood in its parking lot. All these businesses have since moved on or disappeared and today the mall has been eclipsed by more modern malls such as the Carrefour de la Rive Sud. The neighbourhood is served by two francophone primary schools: De la Broquerie and Pierre-Boucher. There were no English-language schools in the neighbourhood. Students were bussed to either the Boucherville Elementary School (Protestant) or Marguerite Bourgeois (Catholic).

The Le domaine Sabrevois neighbourhood was built in the early 1970s. It is located east of de Montarville boul., between the streets Samuel de Champlain and Jacques-Cartier.

The Faubourg Sainte-Anne was a neighbourhood located at the south-western edge of the village, at the intersection of what are now the Montarville and Marie-Victorin boulevards. Including lots 153 to 159 and serviced by several small streets, the district was last mentioned in notarized records in 1875. A plan of the neighbourhood survives in the archives of the Séminaire Saint-Joseph de Trois-Rivières.[5]

Economy[edit]

Boucherville's industrial park, located near Highway 20 expanded considerably in the 1980s. In an area covering roughly 7 km2, 575 businesses now provide employment to 23 000 people. [6]

Since 1974, the head office of Rona, a Canadian distributor and retailer in hardware, home improvement and gardening products, has been located in Boucherville.[7]

"Têtes à claques", a French language internet phenomenon, is also based in the city of Boucherville.

Demographics[edit]

The original settlers of Boucherville left Trois-Rivières in 1667 along with Pierre Boucher, who had been granted the seigneurie in 1664.

The first baptism was recorded by Father Marquette in 1668.

In 1681, the village included 179 inhabitants, distributed into 39 families, living on 320 acres of cultivated land.[5]

In an 1811 report by Jacques Viger, the village included:[5]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1851 2,764 —    
1861 2,695 −2.5%
1871 2,131 −20.9%
1891 1,816 −14.8%
1901 1,916 +5.5%
1911 2,066 +7.8%
1921 1,984 −4.0%
1931 1,683 −15.2%
1941 2,022 +20.1%
1951 3,030 +49.9%
1961 8,182 +170.0%
1971 19,997 +144.4%
1981 29,704 +48.5%
1991 33,796 +13.8%
1996 34,989 +3.5%
2001 36,253 +3.6%
2006 39,062 +7.7%
2011 40,753 +4.3%
[8][9][10]

With the increasing price of houses, upscale residences have become less and less affordable in Boucherville in recent years. As such, Boucherville has begun to experience a slowdown in its population growth.

Boucherville is one of the most homogeneous cities in the Greater Montreal Area. 94% of its residents speak French as their first language. Less than 2% of the entire population is not white, and almost 94% of the population is Roman Catholic.

Mother tongue language (2006)[11]
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 36,040 93.6%
English 765 2.0%
Both English and French 120 0.3%
French and a non-official language 80 0.2%
English and a non-official language 15 ~
English, French and a non-official language ~ ~
Italian 455 1.2%
Arabic 170 0.4%
Spanish 135 0.4%
Portuguese 115 0.3%
German 80 0.2%
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 0.2%
Creole 70 0.2%
Greek 70 0.2%

[12]

Parks[edit]

The Îles-de-Boucherville National Park on the Boucherville Islands is a Quebec National Park located in the Saint Lawrence River facing the rest of the city. They are uninhabited but serve as a natural/recreational area for residents and tourists.

Education[edit]

Primary[edit]

As of 2015, there are seven French-language public primary schools, one French-language private primary school and one English-language public primary school.

  • École Père-Marquette
  • École Louis-H-Lafontaine
  • École Paul VI
  • École Antoine-Girouard
  • École De la Broquerie
  • École des Jeunes Découvreurs
  • École Pierre Boucher
  • École les Trois Saisons (Private)
  • Boucherville Elementary School (English Public, originally the Boucherville Protestant School[13])

Secondary[edit]

Boucherville's only high school, the French-language public École secondaire de Mortagne[14] was built in 1968.[15] A dress code including a uniform was introduced in 2012.[16]

There has never been an English-language high school in Boucherville.

English Language Education[edit]

The South Shore Protestant Regional School Board previously served the municipality.[17]

Currently, English-language public education is provided by the Riverside School Board.


Arts, Culture and Entertainment[edit]

Cinema[edit]

Quebec's 12th drive-in movie theater opened in Boucherville July, 4, 1970.[18] It closed in 1985.[19]

As of 2015, there is one multiplex theatre in Boucherville, part of the Cineplex Odeon chain.

Internet[edit]

Quebec internet comedy website Têtes à claques is based in Boucherville.

Youth Centre[edit]

In 1973, a youth drop-in centre, the Maison des Jeunes was opened at 78 boulevard Marie-Victorin. From March 30, 1974 to late June 1974, the Maison enjoyed financial support from the local Club Richelieu.

On November 19, 1975, the Maison then moved to the old town hall, at 20 rue Pierre-Boucher.[20] It remained there for over a quarter century, with the exception of three months in 1982 when it was relocated to the Boucherville Elementary School while the building was being renovated.

In 2001, the Maison des jeunes la Piaule moved into its new purpose-built facilities on chemin du Lac.[21]

Notable residents[edit]

Statue of Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine in Boucherville

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 388452 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Boucherville
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: LONGUEUIL--PIERRE-BOUCHER (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: VERCHÈRES--LES PATRIOTES (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b "Census Profile — Boucherville, Ville". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Bureau, Pierre; Côté, Renée; Michaud, Claude (1979). Boucherville; Répertoire d'architecture traditionnelle. Québec: Ministère des Affaires culturelles. p. 60. ISBN 2-551-03443-4. 
  6. ^ "Parc industriel". Ville de Boucherville (in French). Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Rona from 1939 to the present". Rona (in English). Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Pratt, Michel. "Les paroisses au XIXe siècle". Société historique et culturelle du Marigot. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  9. ^ Pratt, Michel. "De la balkanisation des villes à leur fusion". Société historique et culturelle du Marigot. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  11. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Boucherville, Quebec
  12. ^ "Boucherville, V". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  13. ^ http://services.banq.qc.ca/sdx/cep/document.xsp?app=ca.BAnQ.sdx.cep&db=notice&id=0000310400&n=3&dbrf0=xtgpleintexte_fr_FR&dbrv0=boucherville&sBtn=Lancer&qlang=fr-FR&db=notice&dbrn=1&sortfield=date_publication&order=ascendant&col=*&chpp=20&dbrqp=search_notice&qid=sdx_q0&eview=CARTES_PLANS/310400/310400_3.tif
  14. ^ "Ecole secondaire de Mortagne". demortagne.csp.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  15. ^ Pratt, Michel. "Chroniques de la Rive-sud 1947-1997". Marigot (in French). Société historique du Marigot. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  16. ^ Daniel Hart (13 March 2012). "Les élèves de l'école de Mortagne auront un uniforme à compter de septembre prochain". www.lareleve.qc.ca. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  17. ^ King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.
  18. ^ "Boucherville Ozoner receives approval". Box Office magazine. 20 April 1970. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  19. ^ "Ciné-Parc Boucherville". cineparcs.ca. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  20. ^ Pratt, Michel. marigot.ca. Société historique du Marigot http://marigot.ca/html/47_97/1975.htm. Retrieved 17 March 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Maison des jeunes la piaule histoire". http://maisondesjeunesdeboucherville.ca. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 

External links[edit]