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Bouches-de-l'Escaut (Dutch: Monden van de Schelde) is the name of a département of the First French Empire in the present Netherlands. It is named after the mouth of the river Scheldt (Escaut in French). It was formed in 1810, when the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France. Its territory corresponds with the present Dutch province Zeeland, minus Zeeuws-Vlaanderen, which was part of the département de l'Escaut. Its capital was Middelburg. The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 76,820, and its area was 63,000 hectares.[1]

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the département became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.


  1. ^ a b Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 377-378, accessed in Gallica 24 July 2013 (French)

Coordinates: 51°29′00″N 3°36′00″E / 51.4833°N 3.6°E / 51.4833; 3.6