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Bouclé in the process of being spun.
Commercially woven bouclé fabric.

Bouclé is a kind of novelty yarn. It is a yarn with a length of loops of similar size which can range from tiny circlets to large curls.[1] To make bouclé, at least two strands are combined, with the tension on one strand being much looser than the other as it is being plied, with the loose strand forming the loops and the other strand as the anchor. Bouclé can also refer to the fabric made from this type of yarn, especially fabric that maintains the looped appearance.[1]

Machine spinning[edit]

In machine spinning bouclé can be created in a single step, using a hollow spindle. It is made by differing the feed rate of the effect yarn with respect to the core yarns. The core yarns are wrapped around the effect yarn either loosely or tightly, depending on the difference in feed rates and amount of twist used. The regularity of the loops is controlled by varying the distance between the point where the core yarns come together and the guide. By increasing the distance, the bouclé becomes more irregular.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Bouclé." The Oxford English Dictionay. 2nd ed. 1989.
  2. ^ Gong, R. H.; Gong, H.; Wright, Rachel M. Fancy Yarns: Their Manufacture and Application. Woodhead Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-85573-577-6. Google Book Search. Retrieved on May 3, 2008.