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Boufee delirante is a culture-bound syndrome which is common in West Africa and Haiti. It refers to a sudden outburst of aggression, and during the episode the person may see or hear things that aren't really there. It also involved marked confusion and psychomotor excitement. This syndrome may also cause visual and auditory hallucinations or paranoia.
Boufee delirante is a French term that was introduced in 1886 by Magnan meaning short-lived psychosis. He used it to describe transient psychotic or psychosis reactions. Bouffee delirante reactions are sudden attacks of brief duration with paranoid delusions and often concomitant hallucinations, typically precipitated by an intense fear of magical persecution through sorcery or witchcraft.
- Chabrol, H. (July, 2003) Chronic hallucinatory psychosis, bouffée délirante, and the classification of psychosis in French psychiatry. Retrieved from Unbound Medicine PMID: 12773270
- Wolfgang, G. (2001, July) Cultural Factors in Psychiatric Disorders. Retrieved June 19, 2013 from http://www.mentalhealth.com/mag1/wolfgang.html