Church of St John the Baptist
Boughton shown within Northamptonshire
|Population||951 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|- London||72 miles (116 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Boughton is a village and civil parish in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England, about 4 miles (6.4 km) from Northampton town centre along the A508 road between Northampton and Market Harborough. The parish area straddles both side of the road but the main part of the village is east. It is on the northern fringe of the Northampton urban area and, together with the neighbouring village of Moulton is in the preferred area for the expansion of the town.
The 2001 census shows a population of 951, 459 male and 492 female in 369 dwellings.
Boughton Park lies between the village and the A508 road. It has a notable collection of 18th and 19th century follies, including The Spectacles (twin towers with a Gothic arch), Bunkers Hill Farm (1776), New Park Barn (1770) which resembles a fortified castle (now called Fox Covert Hall and converted into a house) and the castellated Hawking Tower (1756 or earlier), the main gate lodge on east side of the A508 main road. There is also a grotto north of the house and an obelisk to the south (1764) near Obelisk Rise, a large 1960s housing estate in Northampton. The follies were built by William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1722–1791), a friend of Horace Walpole in the late 18th century. The setting of the follies may be affected by the proposed construction of Northampton's northern ring-road and the expansion of the town.
Holly Lodge lies just outside the park and is not strictly a folly but a house made to mimic the follies themselves. It is close to The Spectacles and built by Northampton architect Alexander Milne in 1857-61 for chemist Philadelphus Jeyes whose younger brother John found the chain of pharmacies and was famous as the inventor of Jeyes Fluid.
St John's Church surviving fragments are to the north of the Green. The church has been in ruins since at least 1757, and was significantly damaged further in 1784 when the spire collapsed. The current church of St John Baptist is in the village and believed to date from c.1350, with extensions in 1807 and 1874. It has a monument to Mary Tillemont (d.1706).
The infamous highwayman, "Captain Slash" was detained whilst attempting robbery at Boughton Fayre which was situated on Boughton Green, now a large agricultural triangle on the Moulton road. He was subsequently tried and hanged in Northampton before a large crowd of onlookers on 21 July 1826.
- 2001 Census data at the Office for National Statistics
- Mowl, Timothy and Hickman, Clare (2008). The Historic Gardens of England, Northamptonshire. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus Publishing. pp. 95–8. ISBN 978-0-7524-4568-7.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1961). The Buildings of England – Northamptonshire. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 109–10. ISBN 978-0-300-09632-3.
- Select and Remarkable Epitaphs, Vol 1, p. 146. First printed in London, 1757
- Northamptonshire Police Museum
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